nitrate leaching
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2022 ◽  
Vol 327 ◽  
pp. 107808
Jin Zhao ◽  
Johannes W.M. Pullens ◽  
Peter Sørensen ◽  
Gitte Blicher-Mathiesen ◽  
Jørgen E. Olesen ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 260 ◽  
pp. 107325
Fei Liu ◽  
Qing Zhu ◽  
Zhiwen Zhou ◽  
Kaihua Liao ◽  
Xiaoming Lai

Geoderma ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 407 ◽  
pp. 115559
Yue Dong ◽  
Jin-Ling Yang ◽  
Xiao-Rui Zhao ◽  
Shun-Hua Yang ◽  
Jan Mulder ◽  

Elena Sevostianova ◽  
Ciro Velasco‐Cruz ◽  
Bernd Leinauer ◽  
Matteo Serena ◽  
Rossana Sallenave ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 194 (1) ◽  
Hannah Wey ◽  
Daniel Hunkeler ◽  
Wolf-Anno Bischoff ◽  
Else K. Bünemann

AbstractDeterioration of groundwater quality due to nitrate loss from intensive agricultural systems can only be mitigated if methods for in-situ monitoring of nitrate leaching under active farmers’ fields are available. In this study, three methods were used in parallel to evaluate their spatial and temporal differences, namely ion-exchange resin-based Self-Integrating Accumulators (SIA), soil coring for extraction of mineral N (Nmin) from 0 to 90 cm in Mid-October (pre-winter) and Mid-February (post-winter), and Suction Cups (SCs) complemented by a HYDRUS 1D model. The monitoring, conducted from 2017 to 2020 in the Gäu Valley in the Swiss Central Plateau, covered four agricultural fields. The crop rotations included grass-clover leys, canola, silage maize and winter cereals. The monthly resolution of SC samples allowed identifying a seasonal pattern, with a nitrate concentration build-up during autumn and peaks in winter, caused by elevated water percolation to deeper soil layers in this period. Using simulated water percolation values, SC concentrations were converted into fluxes. SCs sampled 30% less N-losses on average compared to SIA, which collect also the wide macropore and preferential flows. The difference between Nmin content in autumn and spring was greater than nitrate leaching measured with either SIA or SCs. This observation indicates that autumn Nmin was depleted not only by leaching but also by plant and microbial N uptake and gaseous losses. The positive correlation between autumn Nmin content and leaching fluxes determined by either SCs or SIA suggests autumn Nmin as a useful relative but not absolute indicator for nitrate leaching. In conclusion, all three monitoring techniques are suited to indicate N leaching but represent different transport and cycling processes and vary in spatio-temporal resolution. The choice of monitoring method mainly depends (1) on the project’s goals and financial budget and (2) on the soil conditions. Long-term data, and especially the combination of methods, increase process understanding and generate knowledge beyond a pure methodological comparison.

2021 ◽  
Vol 300 ◽  
pp. 113739
By Aaron De Laporte ◽  
Kamaljit Banger ◽  
Alfons Weersink ◽  
Claudia Wagner-Riddle ◽  
Brian Grant ◽  

2021 ◽  
Zahid Hussain ◽  
Cheng Tang ◽  
Muhammad Irshad ◽  
Riaz A. Khattak ◽  
Chen Yao ◽  

Abstract Nitrate (NO3) leaching from soils results in lower soil fertility, reduced crop productivity and groundwater pollution. The present study determined NO3 leaching from bentonite [0, 2 and 4% (m/m)] treated sandy soil, under three N sources (calcium nitrate [Ca(NO3)2], ammonium chloride [NH4Cl], urea [CO(NH2)2] @ 300 kg N ha-1) with a leaching fraction of 0.3-0.4. Bentonite markedly reduced NO3 release in leachate, while 4% bentonite retained higher NO3 in soil. The NO3 leaching varied with N sources as Ca(NO3)2>NH4Cl>(CO(NH2)2. This study indicated that soil amendment with bentonite could efficiently mitigate NO3 leaching from soil and hence prevent N fertilizer losses and groundwater pollution.

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