corn production
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2022 ◽  
Vol 9 (1) ◽  
pp. 193-200
Author(s):  
Al Azizu Saifulloh ◽  
Retno Suntari

Entisols are newly formed soil types and are commonly found in Indonesia, with a distribution of ±3 million ha distribution. Entisol Kalidawir has a slightly acidic pH value of 5.8 and contains very low total-nitrogen (N) and available-phosphorus (P) nutrients, calcium (Ca), sodium (Na) and magnesium (Mg) in the exchangeable base are also low and clay loam texture. Low soil nutrients and organic matter can have an impact on plant growth and production Maize is one of the most widely cultivated food crops in Indonesia. The purpose of this study was to analyze various doses of the combination of cow manure and NPK fertilizer on N, P and potassium (K) uptake, growth and production of maize. The results showed that the application of 20 t ha-1 of cow manure and 400 kg ha-1 of NPK fertilizer at observations 27 and 54 days after planting increased growth in height and number of leaves of corn plants and increased nutrient uptake of N, P, and K, respectively. Also reached 1, 0.14, and 0.82 g plant-1 and 5.52, 0.83, and 5.11 g plant-1. In addition, it produces the highest corn production of 10.53 t ha-1.


Author(s):  
Milton Luiz da Paz-Lima ◽  
Rafaela Souza Alves Fonseca ◽  
Cleberly Evangelista dos Santos ◽  
Filipe Beserra da Silva ◽  
Nathan Rosa Damasceno ◽  
...  

One of the elements capable of explaining the epidemics of diseases in the fields of corn production is the amount of initial inoculum present in seeds. The objective of this paper was to study the health and physiological quality of maize hybrids grown in the 2019 crop. The experiment was carried out using 22 hybrids represented by: 13K21PW Morgan©, 14K185PW Morgan©, 230 PRO 3 DKB©, 290 PRO 3 DKB© , 3040 VIP3 LG©, 3055 VIP3 LG©, 30F35 Pioneer ©, 310 PRO 3 DKB©, 345 PRO 3 DKB©, 8882 Coded DKB, CBS15C385PW Morgan©, CBS15D089PW Morgan©, CBS15SE137PW Morgan©, Coded x40K205 (3898) Pioneer, K9606 VIP3 KWS©, MG580PW Morgan©, MG652PW Morgan©, SH 7930 PRO 2 Sta Helena©, SH 7990 PRO 2 Sta Helena©, SX5885 VIP3 Syngenta©, SX71715 VIP3 Syngenta© and SX8934 VIP3 Syngenta© that were grown in the municipality of Ipameri, GO. Analyzed the percentage of primary root emission (ERP),% of shoot emission (EPA),% of microorganism incidence, % of fungus genera (% GF). Sixteen fungi were detected representing the microflora detected in the seeds of the evaluated hybrids recognized as Penicillium sp., Aspergillus sp., Curvularia sp., Fusarium verticillioides, Gliomastix sp., Cladosporium sp., Gliocladium sp., Bacillus sp., Geotrichum sp. , Trichoderma sp., Mucor sp., Stenocarpela maydis, Pythium sp., Chaetomium sp., Sporotrix sp. and Scopulariopsis sp. The multivariate analysis jointed the cultivars with highest physiological activity represented by SX 8934 Vip3 SYN®, SX 71715 Vip 3®, 3040 Vip3 LG®, SHS 7990 PRO2, SX 5885 Vip3, MG 652 PW®, K9606 Vip3®, DKB 345 PRO3. The lowest incidence of microorganism was in hybrids DKB 345 PRO3 and 8882 cod.


2021 ◽  
Vol 5 (1) ◽  
pp. 688
Author(s):  
Sanapiah Sanapiah ◽  
Yuntawati Yuntawati ◽  
Ade Kurniawan ◽  
Eliska Juliangkary ◽  
Pujilestari Pujilestari

ABSTRAKKelompok Tani Sinar Harapan adalah kelompok tani di Dusun Paok Kambut Desa Telagawaru Kecamatan Labuapi Kabupaten Lombok Barat yang fokus membudidayakan  jagung manis pada setiap musim tanam tanpa dijeda dengan tanaman lainnya. Kelompok tani ini termasuk salah satu daerah produksi jagung manis untuk mensuplay kebutuhan pedagang- pedagang sayur di lokal dan regional Kota Mataram dan Lombok Barat, termasuk untuk para penjual jagung manis keliling. Namun ditengah wabah pandemic Covid-19, kelompok tani jagung manis ini dan juga kelompok-kelompok tani lainnya di berbagai daerah mengalami permasalahan yang sama terkait dengan pupuk subsidi yang langka dan sulit di dapatkan. Adapun solusi yang ditawarkan untuk mengatasi permasalahan yang dihadapi oleh Kelompok Tani Insan Harapan adalah 1) memberikan penyuluhan kepada anggota kelompok tani untuk mulai beralih ke pupuk organik Eco Farming yang kualitasnya sudah teruji dan harganya juga terjangkau sebagai  upaya           membuka wawasan para petani yang selama ini selalu tergantung pada pupuk Kimia, dan 2) melakukan pendampingan kepada anggota kelompok tani Sinar Harapan dalam pengaplikasian Pupuk Eco Farming untuk memberikan keyakinan akan manfaat dan kualitas dari pupuk organic eco farming. Metode Kegiatan pengabdian ini dilakukan dengan grup Focus Diskusi (FGD) yang diaplikasikan dalam kegiatan Penyuluhan dan pendampingan. Data hasil pengabdian diperoleh dari hasil wawancara dan pengamatan langsung. Dari hasil kegiatan pengabdian ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa terdapat peningkatan hasil panen jagung manis sekitar  20% dengan pengurangan Pukim hingga 80% setelah musim tanam kedua sampai ke empat (4 kali musim tanam) dan meningkatkan keterampilan anggota kelompok tani Sinar Harapan dalam pengaplikasian Pupuk Organik Eco Farming dengan tanpa pendampingan. Kata kunci: pendampingan; pupuk organic; eco farming; kelompok tani. ABSTRACTSinar Harapan Farmers Group is a farmer group in Paok Kambut Hamlet, Telagawaru Village, Labuapi District, West Lombok Regency that focuses on cultivating sweet corn in each growing season without being paused with other crops. This farmer group is one of the sweet corn production areas to supply the needs of local and regional vegetable traders in Mataram and West Lombok, including itinerant sweet corn sellers. However, in the midst of the Covid-19 pandemic, this sweet corn farmer group as well as other farmer groups in various regions experienced the same problem related to subsidized fertilizers which were scarce and difficult to obtain. The solutions offered to overcome the problems faced by the Insan Harapan Farmer Group are 1) providing counseling to members of the farmer group to start switching to Eco Farming organic fertilizers whose quality has been tested and the price is also affordable as an effort to open the horizons of the farmers who have always depended on them. on chemical fertilizers, and 2) providing assistance to members of the Sinar Harapan farmer group in the application of Eco Farming Fertilizers to provide confidence in the benefits and quality of organic eco farming fertilizers. Methods This service activity is carried out with Focus Discussion groups (FGD) which are applied in counseling and mentoring activities. The data from the service was obtained from the results of interviews and direct observations. From the results of this service activity, it can be concluded that there is an increase in sweet corn yields of about 20% with a Pukim reduction of up to 80% after the second to fourth growing season (4 planting seasons) and improving the skills of members of the Sinar Harapan farmer group in the application of Eco Farming Organic Fertilizers. with no assistance. Keywords: assistance; organic fertilizer; eco farming; farmer groups. 


2021 ◽  
Vol 300 ◽  
pp. 113739
Author(s):  
By Aaron De Laporte ◽  
Kamaljit Banger ◽  
Alfons Weersink ◽  
Claudia Wagner-Riddle ◽  
Brian Grant ◽  
...  

2021 ◽  
Vol 194 ◽  
pp. 103264
Author(s):  
José Eduardo Holler Branco ◽  
Daniela Bacchi Bartholomeu ◽  
Paulo Nocera Alves Junior ◽  
José Vicente Caixeta Filho

2021 ◽  
Vol 5 (1) ◽  
pp. 01-05
Author(s):  
Md. Humaun Kabir ◽  
Md. Delwar Hossain ◽  
Md. Harun Or Rashid ◽  
Md. Shahriar Kobir

Maize as well as baby corn is an exhaustive crop in terms of nutrient and water uptake from soil hence soil health become deteriorate easily and as different amounts and forms of nutrient supply in baby corn affect the productivity of baby corn so combination of organic and inorganic sources of nutrient is beneficial for soil heath and to maximize the productivity of baby corn thus an experiment was conducted at the Agronomy Field Laboratory, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh during November 2017 to February 2018 to investigate the effect of varieties and sources of nitrogen fertilizer on yield and yield contributing characters of baby corn. The experiment was laid out in randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications. The experiment consisted of two varieties viz., BARI Sweet corn-1(V1), Baby star (V2) and five sources of nitrogen fertilizer viz.,100% recommended N from urea(N1),75% N from urea + 25% N from cowdung (N2), 50% N from urea + 50% N from cowdung (N3), 75% N from urea + 25% N from poultry manure(N4),50% N from urea + 50% N from poultry manure(N5).Yield and yield contributing characters of baby corn were significantly influenced by variety, sources of nitrogen fertilizer and their interactions. The highest number of cob plant-1 (1.67), cob length (13.50 cm), cob girth(3.84 cm), cob yield with husk (14.66 t ha-1), cob yield without husk (3.52 t ha-1), and fresh fodder yield (42.50 t ha-1) were recorded when Baby star was fertilized with N2 (75% N from urea + 25% N from cowdung) treatment. Therefore, it may be concluded that Baby star is the promising baby corn variety when coupled with (75% N from urea + 25% N from cowdung) for maximizing baby corn production and improving soil health.


2021 ◽  
Vol 911 (1) ◽  
pp. 012068
Author(s):  
Rini Andriani ◽  
Fenty Ferayanti ◽  
Idawanni ◽  
Elviwirda

Abstract This study aims to determine the level of economic feasibility of corn farming in dry land through the application of technological innovations using hybrid corn New High- Yielding varieties seeds. This research used a randomized design and was conducted on 1 hectare of land owned by farmers in Blang Gandai Village, Jeumpa District, Bireun, from April to October 2016. The data collection method was a survey qualitative and quantitative. The qualitative is the characteristics of the research location and an explanation of the hybrid corn varieties. While the quantitative is the analysis data of hybrid corn farming that has been calculated. Sources of data were obtained from information directly from farmers as many as 6 cooperators, were 3 farmers with an introduction practice and 3 farmers with farmers practice. The varieties used were Bima 3 dan Bima 4. Data were collected by interview using a questionnaire with a structured list of questions. The farming data analysis carried out includes the use of production facilities, the use of labor, and the level of efficiency of farming with financial analysis of the R/C ratio. The analysis used is revenue and income, income-to-cost balance (R/C) and income balance cost B/C. The results showed that economically both Bima 3 and Bima 4 varieties provide favorable results where the R/C of both is 1,82. This means that Bima 3 and Bima 4 varieties are very feasible to be developed to increase corn production in Bireun Districts on dry land.


2021 ◽  
Vol 911 (1) ◽  
pp. 012070
Author(s):  
E T Yuniarsih ◽  
I Andriyani ◽  
Rahmatiah ◽  
W Halil ◽  
Rahmi ◽  
...  

Abstract Extension activities cannot be separated from the participation of farmers as objects. The success of the extension can be seen from the extent to which farmers apply what they get to the farm they manage and the extent to which the production results obtained from their farming. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between farmer participation in extension activities and maize production levels in South Sulawesi. This research was conducted in South Sulawesi Province, Jeneponto Regency and Gowa Regency. The data collected is primary data obtained from 40 corn farmers taken from 2 farmer groups. The data used are respondent characteristics, technology characteristics, farmer participation variables. Data analysis using descriptive analysis and Chi Square data analysis using SPSS program. Based on the results of the study, it was found that 58.1 percent of farmer characteristics had an effect on the level of corn production and there was a significant relationship between farmer participation in extension and corn production.


2021 ◽  
Vol 911 (1) ◽  
pp. 012064
Author(s):  
Amelia Sebayang ◽  
Andi Tenrirawe ◽  
Hishar Mirsam

Abstract In Indonesia, H. armigera caused loss in corn production until 40% and almost attack all region. Therefore, this pest is a concern especially in corn plantations in Indonesia. In the development of H. armigera pest control, the use of entomopathogenic fungi increases after the potential risks of using chemical pesticides in various aspects. Biological control using entomopathogen agents is an alternative control method that has been studied widely and considerably more effective and environmentally friendly. This study aims explore entomopathogen that attack H. armigera which will later be formulated and projected as candidates for biopesticides controlling H. armigera. This research sited in East Java, South Sulawesi, and North Sulawesi in 2011. This research was divided into several stages within a year which were carried out including surveys and samples collection, isolation, characterization, morphological identification and molecular identification (genotyping phylogenetic tree). The research found several pathogens from several location such as Rhizopus sp., Beauveria bassiana, Fusarium sp., Aspergilus flavus, and Gliocladium sp. The character of each Entomopathogenic fungus showed that every isolate has different color and shapes. Based on the results of DNA amplification from eleven fungal isolates using BOX primers, various fragments were produced with sizes ranging from 225 to 1250 bp. The results also showed that all the isolates tested had polymorphic bands with a polymorphic information Content (PIC) value of 0.84. This indicates that these isolates have a low level of polymorphism.


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