neurological outcome
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2022 ◽  
Vol 67 ◽  
pp. 57-65
Nina Loretz ◽  
Christoph Becker ◽  
Seraina Hochstrasser ◽  
Kerstin Metzger ◽  
Katharina Beck ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 7 (4) ◽  
pp. 728-730
I D Chaurasia ◽  
Yogita Chaurasia

To evaluate the visual and neurological outcomes of Optic Neuritis Treatment Trial (ONTT). 40 Patients presenting with optic neuritis were enrolled in this study to analyze the Visual and Neurological outcomes after treatment according to ONTT Protocol, with emphasis on signs of anaemia, protein calorie malnutrition, vitamin deficiency, generalized lymphadenopathy, sinusitis, septic foci. Patients were followed up for three subsequent visits to assess the rate of visual recovery.Maximum patient 35(87.5) treated according to ONTT protocol while 5 (12.5%) treated with oral steroids alone. Maximum 33 eyes (70.2%) attain BCVA > 6/36 after 1st follow-up (with in 1 month) while 10(21.3%) eyes attain BCVA of 6/6 after 1st follow-up. 11 eyes (25.6%) attain BCVA 6/6 after II follow-up. General prognosis for recovery of vision was good and was slightly worse in more severely affected cases in the present series. Pallor of the optic disc and defect of vision did not always correspond–3 eyes which showed temporal of the disc at the end of follow up had a final vision of 6/9 or better in each eye.

SungJoon Park ◽  
Sung Woo Lee ◽  
Kap Su Han ◽  
Eui Jung Lee ◽  
Dong-Hyun Jang ◽  

Abstract Background A favorable neurological outcome is closely related to patient characteristics and total cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) duration. The total CPR duration consists of pre-hospital and in-hospital durations. To date, consensus is lacking on the optimal total CPR duration. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the upper limit of total CPR duration, the optimal cut-off time at the pre-hospital level, and the time to switch from conventional CPR to alternative CPR such as extracorporeal CPR. Methods We conducted a retrospective observational study using prospective, multi-center registry of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients between October 2015 and June 2019. Emergency medical service–assessed adult patients (aged ≥ 18 years) with non-traumatic OHCA were included. The primary endpoint was a favorable neurological outcome at hospital discharge. Results Among 7914 patients with OHCA, 577 had favorable neurological outcomes. The optimal cut-off for pre-hospital CPR duration in patients with OHCA was 12 min regardless of the initial rhythm. The optimal cut-offs for total CPR duration that transitioned from conventional CPR to an alternative CPR method were 25 and 21 min in patients with initial shockable and non-shockable rhythms, respectively. In the two groups, the upper limits of total CPR duration for achieving a probability of favorable neurological outcomes < 1% were 55–62 and 24–34 min, respectively, while those for a cumulative proportion of favorable neurological outcome > 99% were 43–53 and 45–71 min, respectively. Conclusions Herein, we identified the optimal cut-off time for transitioning from pre-hospital to in-hospital settings and from conventional CPR to alternative resuscitation. Although there is an upper limit of CPR duration, favorable neurological outcomes can be expected according to each patient’s resuscitation-related factors, despite prolonged CPR duration.

2022 ◽  
Dan Boitor Borza ◽  
Roxana Popa Stanila ◽  
Gabriela Zaharie ◽  
Monica Hasmasanu ◽  
Daniel Muresan

Fetal cardiac rhabdomyomas should trigger the awareness of a potential coexisting tuberous sclerosis complex that can lead to a poor neurological outcome. This condition is not only uncommon but can be easily unrecognized prenatally in the absence of a meticulous neurosonogram and MRI. We emphasize that careful consideration of all prenatal facilities is required to confirm the diagnosis of tuberous sclerosis complex as early as possible during pregnancy.

Yong Nam In ◽  
In Ho Lee ◽  
Jung Soo Park ◽  
Da Mi Kim Data acquisition ◽  
Yeonho You Data acquisition ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-6
Kiattichai Daorattanachai ◽  
Winchana Srivilaithon ◽  
Vitchapon Phakawan ◽  
Intanon Imsuwan

Background. Sudden cardiac arrest is a critical condition in the emergency department (ED). Currently, there is no considerable evidence supporting the best time to complete advanced airway management (AAM) with endotracheal intubation in cardiac arrest patients presented with initial non-shockable cardiac rhythm. Objectives. To compare survival to hospital discharge and discharge with favorable neurological outcome between the ED cardiac arrest patients who have received AAM with endotracheal intubation within 2 minutes (early AAM group) and those over 2 minutes (late AAM group) after the start of chest compression in ED. Methods. We conducted a retrospective cohort study involving the ED cardiac arrest patients who presented with initial non-shockable rhythm in ED. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the independent effect of early AAM on outcomes. The outcomes included the survival to hospital discharge and discharge with favorable neurological outcome. Results. There were 416 eligible participants: 209 in the early AAM group and 207 participants in the late AAM group. The early AAM group showed higher survival to hospital discharge compared with the late AAM group, but no statistically significant difference (adjusted odds ratio (aOR): 1.28, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.59 -2.76, p = 0.524 ). Discharge with favorable neurological outcome is also higher in the early AAM group (aOR: 1.68, 95% CI, 0.52 -5.45, p = 0.387 ). Conclusion. This study did not demonstrate a significant improvement of survival to hospital discharge and discharge with favorable neurological outcome in the ED cardiac arrest patients with initial non-shockable cardiac arrest who underwent early AAM within two minutes. More research is needed on the timing of AAM and on airway management strategies to improve survival.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (12) ◽  
pp. 1657
Thomas Luz Teixeira ◽  
Lorenzo Peluso ◽  
Pierluigi Banco ◽  
Hassane Njimi ◽  
Layal Abi-Khalil ◽  

Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the early assessment of neurological pupil index (NPi) values derived from automated pupillometry could predict neurological outcome after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Methods: Retrospective observational study including adult (>18 years) TBI patients admitted from January 2018 to December 2020, with available NPi on admission. Abnormal NPi was considered if <3. Unfavorable neurological outcome (UO) at hospital discharge was considered for a Glasgow Outcome Scale of 1–3. Results: 100 patients were included over the study period (median age 48 (34–69) years and median GCS on admission 11 (6–15)); 49 (49%) patients had UO. On admission, 20 (20%) patients had an abnormal NPi (NPi < 3); median worst (i.e., from both eyes) NPi was 4.2 (3.2–4.5). Median worst and mean NPi on admission were significantly lower in the UO group than others (3.9 (1.7–4.4) vs. 4.4 (3.7–4.6); p = 0.005–4.0 (2.6–4.5) vs. 4.5 (3.9–4.7); p = 0.002, respectively). The ROC curve for the worst and mean NPi showed a moderate accuracy to predict UO (AUC 0.66 (0.56–0.77); p = 0.005 and 0.68 (0.57–0.78); p = 0.002). However, in a generalized linear model, the prognostic role of NPi on admission was limited. Conclusions: Low NPi on admission has limited prognostic value in TBI.

2021 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
Mads Andersen ◽  
Mette Vestergård Pedersen ◽  
Ted Carl Kejlberg Andelius ◽  
Kasper Jacobsen Kyng ◽  
Tine Brink Henriksen

Background: Studies have suggested that neurological outcome may differ in newborns with encephalopathy with and without perinatal infection. We aimed to systematically review this association.Methods: We conducted this systematic review according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA). Studies were obtained from four databases including Pubmed, Embase, Web of Science, and The Cochrane Database. Newborns with encephalopathy with and without markers of perinatal infection were compared with regard to neurodevelopmental assessments, neurological disorders, and early biomarkers of brain damage. Risk of bias and quality of evidence were assessed by the Newcastle-Ottawa scale and Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE).Results: We screened 4,284 studies of which eight cohort studies and one case-control study met inclusion criteria. A narrative synthesis was composed due to heterogeneity between studies. Six studies were classified as having low risk of bias, while three studies were classified as having high risk of bias. Across all outcomes, the quality of evidence was very low. The neurological outcome was similar in newborns with encephalopathy with and without markers of perinatal infection.Conclusions: Further studies of higher quality are needed to clarify whether perinatal infection may affect neurological outcome following newborn encephalopathy.Systematic Review Registration:, identifier CRD42020185717.

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