pictorial essay
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Larissa Marques Santana ◽  
Larissa de Aguiar Martins ◽  
Marcos Rosa-Júnior

Abstract Introduction There are some inflammatory, infectious, and neoplastic diseases affecting the extrinsic orbital musculature (EOM) that present with pain, decreased visual acuity, and proptosis. Imaging is fundamental to the differential diagnoses of these diseases with similar clinical presentations. The present case series report has as main objective to illustrate and discuss the main pathologies that affect the orbit. Material and methods The present series of cases discusses the main pathologies that can affect the extraocular musculature that can be characterized by computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) using cases from our institution. Results and Discussion The present study compiled several cases of ophthalmopathy from our institution to illustrate and address some of these pathologies, such as orbital lymphoma, Grave disease, metastases, periorbital cellulitis, and idiopathic orbital inflammatory syndrome. The diseases are discussed according to the presentation of clinical cases with emphasis on the main imaging findings of each pathology. Conclusion Computed tomography and MRI can help in the diagnosis and follow-up of the diseases that affect the EOM. We must be conversant with the main characteristics of the pathologies presented in the present case series report, since such findings together with clinical data can confirm the diagnosis of these diseases or at least help to narrow the differential diagnoses.

2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
Michaela Cellina ◽  
Maurizio Cè ◽  
Sara Marziali ◽  
Giovanni Irmici ◽  
Daniele Gibelli ◽  

AbstractComputed tomography (CT) is considered the gold standard technique for the assessment of trauma patients with suspected involvement of the eye and orbit. These traumas can result in dramatic consequences to visual function, ocular motility, and aesthetics. CT is a quick and widely available imaging modality, which provides a detailed evaluation of the orbital bony and soft tissue structures, an accurate assessment of the globes, and is used to guide the patients’ treatment planning. For a timely and accurate diagnosis, radiologists should be aware of fracture patterns and possible associated complications, ocular detachments and hemorrhages, and different appearances of intraorbital foreign bodies. This educational review aims to describe all post-traumatic orbital abnormalities that can be identified on CT, providing a list of tips and a diagnostic flowchart to help radiologists deal with this complex condition.

2022 ◽  
Vol 24 (4) ◽  
pp. 295-306
RLS Chan ◽  
T Wong ◽  
WY Fung ◽  
TS Chan ◽  
CM Chau ◽  

Rachel Stein ◽  
Saeed Bashir ◽  
Joanna Kee-Sampson

Takahiro Hosokawa ◽  
Yutaka Tanami ◽  
Yumiko Sato ◽  
Mayumi Hosokawa ◽  
Eiji Oguma

2022 ◽  
Dan Boitor Borza ◽  
Roxana Popa Stanila ◽  
Gabriela Zaharie ◽  
Monica Hasmasanu ◽  
Daniel Muresan

Fetal cardiac rhabdomyomas should trigger the awareness of a potential coexisting tuberous sclerosis complex that can lead to a poor neurological outcome. This condition is not only uncommon but can be easily unrecognized prenatally in the absence of a meticulous neurosonogram and MRI. We emphasize that careful consideration of all prenatal facilities is required to confirm the diagnosis of tuberous sclerosis complex as early as possible during pregnancy.

2022 ◽  
Vol 23 (1) ◽  
pp. 124
Gayoung Choi ◽  
Bo-Kyung Je ◽  
Yu Jin Kim

Clinical Pain ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 20 (2) ◽  
pp. 74-85
Yong-Soon Yoon ◽  
Jung-Hoo Lee ◽  
Eun-Sil Kim ◽  
Kwang Jae Lee, RMSK

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 ◽  
pp. 68
Madison R. Kocher ◽  
Mark D. Kovacs ◽  
William Stewart ◽  
Brian P. Flemming ◽  
Shaun Hinen ◽  

Dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) has become increasingly available and can be readily incorporated into clinical practice. Although DECT can provide a wide variety of spectral imaging reconstructions, most clinically valuable information is available from a limited number of standard image reconstructions including virtual non-contrast and iodine overlay. The combination of these standard reconstructions can be used for specific diagnostic tasks that provide added value over traditional CT protocols. In this pictorial essay, the added value of these standard reconstructed images will be demonstrated by case examples for diseases specifically related to the gastrointestinal system.

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