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2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 42-46
Author(s):  
A. Mahdia ◽  
P. A. Safitri ◽  
R. F. Setiarini ◽  
V. F. A. Maherani ◽  
M. N. Ahsani ◽  
...  

Sanitation of the cage usually requires a sanitizer containing a powerful cleaning fluid to sterilize the cage. Materials commonly used for cage sanitation are detergent or disinfectants used to eradicate pathogenic microorganisms that cause bacteria, fungi, or other microorganisms. Eco enzyme is an alternative natural cleaning agent derived from fresh fruit waste through fermentation. This study aimed to make eco enzymes for cleaning chicken coops from citrus waste, characterize the microbiological eco enzymes, and test the effectiveness of eco enzymes as chicken coop cleaners. Eco enzymes from fresh citrus waste after a 3-month fermentation period contained bacteria and fungi of 1.9 x 106CFU/ml and 8.5 x 105CFU/ml, respectively, with a pH of 3.39±0.023. The eco enzyme of cage cleaning fluid from citrus waste (Citrus sp.) can inhibit the growth of Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus through confrontation tests in the laboratory. Testing the effectiveness of eco enzymes in chicken coops can reduce the number of bacteria five times more than detergents for the same area.


2022 ◽  
Vol 28 (2) ◽  
Author(s):  
Alexandre Perrat ◽  
Priscilla Branchu ◽  
Anouk Decors ◽  
Silvia Turci ◽  
Marie-Hélène Bayon-Auboyer ◽  
...  

2024 ◽  
Vol 84 ◽  
Author(s):  
R. Ullah ◽  
A. W. Qureshi ◽  
A. Sajid ◽  
I. Khan ◽  
A. Ullah ◽  
...  

Abstract Fish is the main source of animal protein for human diet. The aim of this study was to find out prevalence of pathogenic bacteria of two selected economically important fish of Pakistan namely Mahseer (Tor putitora) and Silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix). Live fish samples from hatcheries and dead fish samples from different markets of study area were randomly collected. The fish samples were analyzed for isolation, identification and prevalence of bacteria. The isolated bacteria from study fish were identified through biochemical test and about 10 species of pathogenic bacteria were identified including the pathogenic bacteria to human and fish namely, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Streptococcus iniae, Serratia spp. Citrobacter spp. Stenotrophomonas spp. Bacillus spp. and Salmonella spp. The bacterial percentage frequency of occurrence in Silver carp and Mahseer fish showed Pseudomonas aeruginosa 21.42%, Staphylococcus epidermidis 17.85%, Escherichia coli 11.90%, Staphylococcus aureus 9.52%, Citrobacter spp. 9.52%, Serratia spp. 8.33%, Streptococcus iniae 7.14%, Stenotrophomonas spp. 5.95%, Bacillus spp. 4.76% and Salmonella spp. 3.57%. The study revealed that Fish samples of Mahseer and Silver carp that were collected from markets have found more isolates (10 bacterial species) than did the fresh fish pond samples (03 bacterial species) of hatcheries. The occurrence of pathogenic bacteria in study fish showed risk factor for public health consumers.


2022 ◽  
Vol 177 ◽  
pp. 114519
Author(s):  
Júnia Alves-Ferreira ◽  
Florbela Carvalheiro ◽  
Luís C. Duarte ◽  
Ana R.P. Ferreira ◽  
Alfredo Martinez ◽  
...  

Author(s):  
Olufunso O. Abosede

Abstract: In the recent past, the pharmaceutical modification of drug molecules by complexation with biologically relevant metals to improve their properties such as stability, dissolution rate, absorption and bioavailability has been extensively studied. In order to achieve better and enhanced medicinal activity, vanadyl complexes of the widely used lincomycin (Lin-van) and neomycin (Neo-van) have been synthesized and their physico-chemical properties examined. The UV-Vis absorption properties of these complexes were determined and their antimicrobial activities were tested against some pathogenic organisms viz: Proteus vulgaris, Klebsiella pneumonae, Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. In all cases, Neo-van showed better antimicrobial activity than Lin-van while both complexes showed better activity than the antibiotic lincomycin and the previously reported Cu-Lin. Keywords: lincomycin, neomycin, UV-Vis spectroscopy, Physico-chemical, Oxovanadyl, synthesis


Food Research ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 6 (1) ◽  
pp. 45-60
Author(s):  
A.A. Bahri ◽  
W.Z. Wan Abdullah ◽  
M.N. Lani ◽  
W. Salleh

Although vegetables are considered to be an essential part of a healthy diet, studies have shown that they can also represent a hazard for human health as they are usually eaten raw and receive minimal treatment. In recent years, vegetables are among the food groups associated with higher rates of recurrence and are the leading cause of enteric diseases. There is a colossal amount of data available on fresh produce worldwide; however, limited data are available regarding the microbiological quality of ulam in Malaysia. In fact, cross -contamination that occurs during minimal processing of ulam has not yet been studied. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the microbiological quality and the occurrence of Escherichia coli and Salmonella in ulam. A total of 32 samples of ulam were randomly collected from wet markets and supermarkets in Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia. The samples were analysed for enumeration of aerobic mesophilic bacteria, coliforms, yeast and moulds, Bacillus cereus, Listeria monocytogenes and detection of Escherichia coli and Salmonella. In this study, the microbiological quality of ulam were in the range of 6.36-8.83; 4.14-7.48; 0-8.16; 3.94-6.45 log10 CFU/g for aerobic mesophilic bacteria, coliforms, Salmonella and yeast and moulds, respectively. Escherichia coli and Salmonella were detected in 3.13% and 9.4% of ulam samples, respectively. The findings from the study are intended to provide insight into the potential health risks associated with the consumption of ulam. The strong interdisciplinary approach by various agencies and development of safe agricultural systems will ensure the delivery of safe vegetables to the end-users


2022 ◽  
Vol 21 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Fernando Bracalente ◽  
Martín Sabatini ◽  
Ana Arabolaza ◽  
Hugo Gramajo

Abstract Background A broad diversity of natural and non-natural esters have now been made in bacteria, and in other microorganisms, as a result of original metabolic engineering approaches. However, the fact that the properties of these molecules, and therefore their applications, are largely defined by the structural features of the fatty acid and alcohol moieties, has driven a persistent interest in generating novel structures of these chemicals. Results In this research, we engineered Escherichia coli to synthesize de novo esters composed of multi-methyl-branched-chain fatty acids and short branched-chain alcohols (BCA), from glucose and propionate. A coculture engineering strategy was developed to avoid metabolic burden generated by the reconstitution of long heterologous biosynthetic pathways. The cocultures were composed of two independently optimized E. coli strains, one dedicated to efficiently achieve the biosynthesis and release of the BCA, and the other to synthesize the multi methyl-branched fatty acid and the corresponding multi-methyl-branched esters (MBE) as the final products. Response surface methodology, a cost-efficient multivariate statistical technique, was used to empirical model the BCA-derived MBE production landscape of the coculture and to optimize its productivity. Compared with the monoculture strategy, the utilization of the designed coculture improved the BCA-derived MBE production in 45%. Finally, the coculture was scaled up in a high-cell density fed-batch fermentation in a 2 L bioreactor by fine-tuning the inoculation ratio between the two engineered E. coli strains. Conclusion Previous work revealed that esters containing multiple methyl branches in their molecule present favorable physicochemical properties which are superior to those of linear esters. Here, we have successfully engineered an E. coli strain to broaden the diversity of these molecules by incorporating methyl branches also in the alcohol moiety. The limited production of these esters by a monoculture was considerable improved by a design of a coculture system and its optimization using response surface methodology. The possibility to scale-up this process was confirmed in high-cell density fed-batch fermentations.


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