probabilistic safety assessment
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Energies ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (2) ◽  
pp. 521
Author(s):  
Gyunyoung Heo

Since the publication of the first comprehensive Probabilistic Safety Assessment (PSA) study—known as WASH-1400—in the US, PSA has developed into an effective and systematic method of identifying hazards, and evaluating and prioritizing the risks in nuclear facilities [...]


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Yuhang Zhang ◽  
Zhijian Zhang ◽  
He Wang ◽  
Lixuan Zhang ◽  
Dabin Sun

Abstract To ensure nuclear safety and prevent or mitigate the consequences of accidents, many safety systems have been set up in nuclear power plants to limit the consequences of accidents. Even though technical specifications based on deterministic safety analysis are applied to avoid serious accidents, they are too poor to handle multi-device managements compared with configuration risk management which computes risks in nuclear power plants based on probabilistic safety assessment according to on-going configurations. In general, there are two methodologies employed in configuration risk management: living probabilistic safety assessment (LPSA) and risk monitor (RM). And average reliability databases during a time of interest are employed in living probabilistic safety assessment, which may be naturally applied to make long-term or regular management projects. While transient risk databases are involved in risk monitor to measure transient risks in nuclear power plants, which may be more appropriate to monitor the real-time risks in nuclear power plants and provide scientific real-time suggestions to operators compared with living probabilistic safety assessment. And this paper concentrates on the applications and developments of living probabilistic safety assessment and risk monitor which are the mainly foundation of the configuration risk management to manage nuclear power plants within safe threshold and avoid serious accidents.


2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (2B) ◽  
Author(s):  
Ellison Amaro De Oliveira ◽  
Patricia Da Silva Pagetti De Oliveira ◽  
Miguel Mattar Neto ◽  
Marcos Coelho Maturana

Deterministic and probabilistic nuclear safety analysis methodologies have been developed and updated based on operational experience, investigation of past incidents or accidents, and analysis of postulated initiating events in order to maintain the protection of workers, the public and the environment. The evaluation of accident sequences and the total radiological risk resulting from off-site releases are general objectives addressed by these methodologies. There are hazards that continually challenge the safety of a nuclear facility or its nearby area. In particular, seismic events represent a major contributor to the risk of a nuclear facility. Different levels of ground motion induced by earthquakes may be experienced by the structures, systems and components (SSCs) of the installation. In this context, a seismic hazard analysis, seismic demand analysis and seismic fragility analysis must be carried out in order to characterize the local seismic hazard and what are the seismic demands on SSCs, allowing an adequate seismic classification of SSCs, even in installations located in sites with low seismicity. In this article, a general description of the Seismic Probabilistic Safety Assessment (Seismic PSA) methodology is presented, with emphasis on their support studies, aiming at applying the methodology described in this article to an experimental nuclear installation containing a PWR reactor designed for naval propulsion to be installed in a low seismicity zone in Brazil.


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