Case Study
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Author(s):  
J. Suzanne Horsley ◽  
Amber L. Hutchins

Abstract BP’s Deepwater Horizon oil spill in April 2010 was a major test of the National Incident Management System (NIMS), which the United States federal government mandates for response to all disasters. At the time, this disaster was perhaps the greatest event in scope and duration under NIMS disaster management guidelines since they were revised in 2008 (the third edition was published in 2017). Ten years later, NIMS provides procedures for operating a joint information center (JIC), but still offers no guidelines for ethical communication. This case study examines the ethical implications of 178 news releases distributed by the Deepwater Horizon Incident JIC. Qualitative analysis found that communication was conducted in an open, ethical manner, with few exceptions. Conflicts emerged, however, that may have compromised ethical standards. The authors conclude with recommendations to inform ethical decision making by JIC communicators.


2021 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Author(s):  
Asahita Dhandhania ◽  
Eleanor O'Higgins

PurposeThe purpose of this study is to examine the ways that sin industry companies attempt to utilise CSR reporting for legitimation.Design/methodology/approachConventional and summative content analyses were carried out on annual CSR reports in UK tobacco and gambling companies, juxtaposed against analysis of the actual behaviour of the companies, collectively and individually.FindingsThe paper concludes that there is an ongoing tension between the business of sin industry companies and their attempts to establish and maintain any legitimacy, using CSR reporting in particular ways to try to prove their credentials to society and to engage salient stakeholder support. Ultimately, they aim to give themselves the scope for strategic choice to enable survival and financial flourishing.Research limitations/implicationsFurther research on CSR on other sin industries and in other jurisdictions with different regulatory situations could shed further light on the achievement or denial of different types of legitimacy. Studying different time periods as industries change would be of value.Practical implicationsOn a practical basis, the study offers guidelines to stakeholders on the use of CSR reports from sin companies, and suggests the establishment of objective external CSR reports, overseen by accounting regulators.Social implicationsThe paper provides an overview of the role of sin industries in society, and mitigating their harms.Originality/valueThis study allowed for a comprehensive, dynamic and inclusive understanding of the interplay of CSR reporting and legitimacy by addressing conflicting interests between sin companies' social effects and inherent activities at the industry level. The methodology of multiple case study design in two sin industries combined content analysis of CSR reports, juxtaposed against analysis of behaviour in context. Previous research included the juxtaposition of actuality in analysis of only single case studies or particular issues. Thus, this research allows for a broader industry understanding. On a practical basis, the study offers guidelines to stakeholders on the use of CSR reports from sin companies, and suggests the establishment of objective external CSR reports, overseen by accounting regulators. At the social level, the paper provides an overview of sin industries in society, and mitigating their harms.


2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (15) ◽  
pp. 435-453
Author(s):  
Serkan BAYDUZ ◽  
Mithat TAKUNYACI

In this study, it is aimed to examine and analyze the problems posed by eighth grade students for different forms of representation. In the study, it was also examined how the problems posed by the students differed according to their academic success. 54 eighth grade students selected by appropriate sampling participated in the study, which was designed as a case study, one of the qualitative research methods. The data of the research were obtained with the “Problem Posing Test” developed by the researcher and the “Mathematics Achievement Test” consisting of exam questions prepared by the Ministry of National Education. Silver and Cai’s (1996) analysis scheme was used to analyze the obtained data. According to the findings, it was seen that only 44% of the answers given by the students were solvable problems suitable for the given ones. While most of the problems posed in the desired direction were of “low” mathematical nature in terms of mathematical complexity, it was seen that they were in the “conditional” category in terms of linguistic complexity. It has been found that students are more successful in posing problems for table and verbal representation, compared to picture and symbolic representation. It has been observed that as students' mathematical achievements increase in representations other than symbolic representation, their rate of posing a problem suitable for the given ones also increases.


2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (15) ◽  
pp. 152-165
Author(s):  
Mehmet KOÇYİĞİT

The purpose of this study is to examine classroom management skills of education faculty students. This study is a qualitative one designed as a case study. The study took place in classroom management courses at a faculty of education of one of the state universities in Turkey in the academic year of 2020-2021. The participants were identified through purposive sampling method. 3rd grade education faculty students taking the classroom management course were selected as participants. The application took nearly three months. The data were collected through a rubric developed by the researcher, field notes and participant feedbacks. The data were analyzed through content analysis. the data from the observation notes and participant feedback interviews were coded and the results, including the results from the scoring of the rubric, are presented with frequencies and percentages. The results showed that education faculty students have difficulty especially about introduction to lessons, using the space in the classroom and some issues concerning communication skills like speaking, speaking in public, intonation, breath and voice control. Beside these the students performed between poor and average about motivating and engaging students, making eye contact, using body language, interacting and establishing effective communication with the class and providing feedback. They also had difficulty with using the time efficiently.


2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (15) ◽  
pp. 388-419
Author(s):  
R. Meltem ÜNAL ◽  
Necla EKİNCİ

The purpose of this study is to examine English teaching practices through distance education based on the experiences of English teachers during the COVID-19 pandemic. The research is a case study designed according to the qualitative research model. The study group of the research, which were determined through easily accessible case sampling, consists of 13 English teachers employed in public and private lower secondary schools. The data of the study were collected through a semi-structured interview form. Content analysis method was used to analyze the data. The main results of the research can be listed as follows: For most teachers, the course preparation process in distance education is more comprehensive and time-consuming than face-to-face education. However, there are also teachers who do not try too much to plan the process and stay away from technology. The positive reflections of the preparation process on the teaching process, such as providing a variety of methods, techniques, materials, activities and employing technology more, were observed. Teachers evaluate more on homework, student participation and effort. The majority of teachers find distance language teaching sustainable within the framework of their own experience. When the findings of the research are evaluated together, distance language teaching seems to have the potential to be an educational opportunity when it is carried out under appropriate conditions.


2021 ◽  
Vol 35 (6) ◽  
pp. 04021089
Author(s):  
Danny X. Xiao ◽  
Goran Adil ◽  
John Kevern ◽  
Sam Owusu-Ababio

2021 ◽  
Vol 4 (3) ◽  
Author(s):  
Nadire Gülçin Yıldız ◽  

In recent times, studies focusing on the issue of gifted and talented students in Turkey have gained much traction. However, so far, these appear to have been limited in terms of the intervention strategies they offer. The question of how to respond to the social and emotional issues of gifted and talented students remains an issue, which is a source of debate, based on the experiences on the field and the directions offered by the latest studies. While giftedness is associated with positive thoughts and beliefs, these come a number of challenges that require closer examination. Consequently, the aim of this case study is to discuss the social-emotional issues experienced gifted and talented children, with regards to effective intervention programs which are often overlooked and not thoroughly examined. Determining the type of acceleration practice could be a very subjective decision and possible risk and resources should be analyzed in order to determine what is best for the child’s needs. As outlined by this case study, the proper identification of intervention strategies should respond to the problems experienced by students in the social and emotional realm. The review concludes with recommendations that could help school counselors, families and educators in assisting gifted and talented students, based on existing relevant literature.


2021 ◽  
Vol 4 (3) ◽  
Author(s):  
Ömer F. Çetin ◽  
◽  
Himmet Akkuşçi ◽  

This research aims to explore the secondary school sixth and seventh graders’ length measuring estimation skills developing activities related to the daily life objects. The study is in a qualitative multiple case study model. The universe of the research consisted of the sixth and seventh graders. The sample of the research consisted of 85 students, who were studying at a secondary school in sixth and seventh classes in 2 (two) state schools determined with the purposive sampling method in the 2018-2019 educational year. The maximum variety was ensured for the class level, gender, and mathematics achievement scores; voluntariness for the easily accessible situation. The data were obtained with the scales and semi-structured interview forms prepared during the research process and analyzed descriptively. The research results suggest that the length measuring estimation skills of the secondary school sixth and seventh graders relevant to the daily life objects can be developed with the activities that will develop the students’ prior knowledge and skills.


10.53733/134 ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 52 ◽  
pp. 403-426
Author(s):  
Persi Diaconis ◽  
Maryanthe Malliaris

By studying the commuting graphs of conjugacy classes of the sequence of Heisenberg groups $H_{2n+1}(p)$ and their limit $H_\infty(p)$ we find pseudo-random behavior (and the random graph in the limiting case). This makes a nice case study for transfer of information between finite and infinite objects. Some of this behavior transfers to the problem of understanding what makes understanding the character theory of the uni-upper-triangular group (mod p) “wild.” Our investigations in this paper may be seen as a meditation on the question: is randomness simple or is it complicated? 


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