wind tunnel tests
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2022 ◽  
Vol 252 ◽  
pp. 113575
Author(s):  
Wentong Zhang ◽  
Yiqing Xiao ◽  
Chao Li ◽  
Qingxing Zheng ◽  
Yanan Tang

2022 ◽  
pp. 1-34
Author(s):  
Ojing Siram ◽  
Neha Kesharwani ◽  
Niranjan Sahoo ◽  
Ujjwal K. Saha

Abstract In recent times, the application of small-scale horizontal axis wind turbines (SHAWTs) has drawn interest in certain areas where the energy demand is minimal. These turbines, operating mostly at low Reynolds number (Re) and low tip speed ratio (λ) applications, can be used as stand-alone systems. The present study aims at the design, development, and testing of a series of SHAWT models. On the basis of aerodynamic characteristics, four SHAWT models viz., M1, M2, M3, and M4 composed of E216, SG6043, NACA63415, and NACA0012 airfoils, respectively have been developed. Initially, the rotors are designed through blade element momentum theory (BEMT), and their power coefficient have been evaluated. Thence, the developed rotors are tested in a low-speed wind tunnel to find their rotational frequency, power and power coefficient at design and off-design conditions. From BEMT analysis, M1 shows a maximum power coefficient (Cpmax) of 0.37 at λ = 2.5. The subsequent wind tunnel tests on M1, M2, M3, and M4 at 9 m/s show the Cpmax values to be 0.34, 0.30, 0.28, and 0.156, respectively. Thus, from the experiments, the M1 rotor is found to be favourable than the other three rotors, and its Cpmax value is found to be about 92% of BEMT prediction. Further, the effect of pitch angle (θp) on Cp of the model rotors is also examined, where M1 is found to produce a satisfactory performance within ±5° from the design pitch angle (θp, design).


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Jan B. Vos ◽  
Dominique Charbonnier ◽  
Ansgar Marwege ◽  
Ali Guelhan ◽  
Mariasole Laureti ◽  
...  

2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Bradley J. Zelenka ◽  
Erik D. Olson ◽  
Xiaofeng Liu

2022 ◽  
Vol 250 ◽  
pp. 113436
Author(s):  
Yanru Wu ◽  
Xiaohong Wu ◽  
Junxin Li ◽  
Haohui Xin ◽  
Qing Sun ◽  
...  

CivilEng ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 2 (4) ◽  
pp. 1065-1090
Author(s):  
Yuxiang Zhang ◽  
Philip Cardiff ◽  
Fergal Cahill ◽  
Jennifer Keenahan

Despite its wide acceptance in various industries, CFD is considered a secondary option to wind tunnel tests in bridge engineering due to a lack of confidence. To increase confidence and to advance the quality of simulations in bridge aerodynamic studies, this study performed three-dimensional RANS simulations and DESs to assess the bridge deck aerodynamics of the Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy Bridge and demonstrated detailed procedures of the verification and validation of the applied CFD model. The CFD simulations were developed in OpenFOAM, the results of which are compared to prior wind tunnel test results, where general agreements were achieved though differences were also found and analyzed. The CFD model was also applied to study the effect of fascia beams and handrails on the bridge deck aerodynamics, which were neglected in most research to-date. These secondary structures were found to increase drag coefficients and reduce lift and moment coefficients by up to 32%, 94.3%, and 52.2%, respectively, which emphasized the necessity of including these structures in evaluations of the aerodynamic performance of bridges in service. Details of the verification and validation in this study illustrate that CFD simulations can determine close results compared to wind tunnel tests.


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