transmission tower
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2022 ◽  
Vol 252 ◽  
pp. 113575
Wentong Zhang ◽  
Yiqing Xiao ◽  
Chao Li ◽  
Qingxing Zheng ◽  
Yanan Tang

Haiting Ji ◽  
Jianfeng Liu

This paper studies the application of data fusion technology in power system to solve some difficult problems in this complex energy system. A transmission tower identification and bird nest detection method based on corner, line, color and shape features is proposed. Through LSD (Line Segment Detection) and Harris corner detection method, the straight line segment and corner point in the image are extracted respectively. Combined with triangle method, the actual tilt angle of tower is measured; According to the nesting rule of birds in transmission towers, the basic unit segmentation algorithm of transmission towers is proposed, and the basic unit segmentation of transmission towers is realized by using the local maximum of the target pixel row statistical histogram. The algorithm proposed in this paper can effectively solve the problems of on-line measurement of tilt angle of transmission tower and on-line detection of bird's nest, which will lay a theoretical foundation for on-line monitoring of transmission tower status.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2148 (1) ◽  
pp. 012052
Ruizong Lin ◽  
Benzhao Fu ◽  
Xinmin Yu ◽  
Hui Ma ◽  
Zeyan Wu ◽  

Abstract As an important part of power grid equipment, transmission towers are in direct contact with the external environment for a long time. As a coastal city in China, Fujian has been affected by marine environment and industrial pollution for a long time, which directly affects the safety of transmission towers in long-term service. In order to explore the changes of the ultimate bearing capacity of the tower structure after corrosion, this paper uses finite element software to analyse the mechanical properties of the tower structure during long-term service, and finds that the 45° wind direction is the control condition, and the overall stiffness of the tower decreases with the growth of corrosion time, and the increment of tower top displacement reaches 7% at 12 years of corrosion. The corrosion-sensitive members of the tower were clearly identified, and their stress ratios increased from 0.78, 0.79, and 0.83 to 0.97, 0.98, and 0.99, respectively, at 12 years of corrosion.

Energies ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 15 (1) ◽  
pp. 200
Satoru Miyazaki

Detection of the axial displacement of power-transformer winding is important to ensure its highly reliable operation. Frequency response analysis is a promising candidate in detecting the axial displacement. However, a method of detecting the axial displacement at an incipient stage without the need for fingerprint data has not been investigated yet. This paper focuses on resonances showing a bipolar signature in the transfer function of inductive interwinding measurement, which is sensitive to the axial displacement of the winding. Transfer functions in the inductive interwinding measurements of eight power transformers are measured before shipping to elucidate the features of resonances showing a bipolar signature. The measured resonances showing the bipolar signature can be divided into the “stair type” and the “crossing-curve type”. It is found that the grounding points in an inductive interwinding measurement determine the type of resonance showing the bipolar signature, irrespective of the type of winding, such as interleaved or multilayer winding, the winding arrangement, and the existence of stabilizing and tertiary windings. On the basis of this finding, a method of detecting the axial displacement of a transformer winding is proposed. In the proposed method, the amplitudes of the resonances among three phases are compared, or the three-phase pattern of the resonances is compared with normal patterns. Therefore, the proposed method is applicable to three-phase transformers without fingerprint data. The proposed method is applied to a real transformer that experienced a ground fault due to a lightning strike at a nearby transmission tower, and the effectiveness of the proposed method is confirmed.

Actuators ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
pp. 4
Haoting Liu ◽  
Jianyue Ge ◽  
Yuan Wang ◽  
Jiacheng Li ◽  
Kai Ding ◽  

An optimal mission assignment and path planning method of multiple unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) for disaster rescue is proposed. In this application, the UAVs include the drug delivery UAV, image collection UAV, and communication relay UAV. When implementing the modeling and simulation, first, three threat sources are built: the weather threat source, transmission tower threat source, and upland threat source. Second, a cost-revenue function is constructed. The flight distance, oil consumption, function descriptions of UAV, and threat source factors above are considered. The analytic hierarchy process (AHP) method is utilized to estimate the weights of cost-revenue function. Third, an adaptive genetic algorithm (AGA) is designed to solve the mission allocation task. A fitness function which considers the current and maximum iteration numbers is proposed to improve the AGA convergence performance. Finally, an optimal path plan between the neighboring mission points is computed by an improved artificial bee colony (IABC) method. A balanced searching strategy is developed to modify the IABC computational effect. Extensive simulation experiments have shown the effectiveness of our method.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-29
Xiao Zhu ◽  
Ge Ou

The accuracy of transmission tower-line system simulation is highly impacted by the transmission line model and its coupling with the tower. Owing to the high geometry nonlinearity of the transmission line and the complexity of the wind loading, such analysis is often conducted in the commercial software. In most commercial software packages, nonlinear truss element is used for cable modeling, whereas the initial strain condition of the nonlinear truss under gravity loading is not directly available. Elastic catenary element establishes an analytical formulation for cable structure under distributed loading; however, the nonlinear iteration to reach convergence can be computational expensive. To derive an optimal transmission tower-line model solution with high fidelity and computational efficiency, an open-source three-dimensional model is developed. Nonlinear truss element and elastic catenary element are considered in the model development. The results of the study imply that both elements are suitable for the transmission line model; nevertheless, the initial strain in nonlinear truss element largely impacts the model accuracy and should be calibrated from the elastic catenary model. To cross-validate the developed models on the coupled transmission tower and line, a one-span eight-line system is modeled with different elements and compared with several state-of-the-art commercial packages. The results indicate that the displacement time-history root-mean-square error (RMSE) of the open-source transmission tower-line model is less than 1 % and with a 66 % computational time reduction compared with the ANSYS model. The application of the open-source package transmission tower-line model on extreme wind speed considering the aerodynamic damping is further implemented.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (24) ◽  
pp. 12024
Tengfei Zhao ◽  
Hong Yan ◽  
Panpan He ◽  
Lei Zhang ◽  
Zhiwen Lan ◽  

Transmission tower connection joint is an important connection component of the tower leg member and diagonal member. Its axial stiffness directly affects the stable bearing capacity of a transmission tower. The axial stiffness of the joint is mainly related to the connection form of joint. This paper takes the double-limb double-plate connection joint as the research object. Through the comparative study with the single-limb single-plate connection joint, the influence law of single-limb single-plate and double-limb double-plate joint on stable bearing capacity of quadrilateral transmission tower is studied from three aspects of model test, theoretical analysis and numerical simulation. Through the scale model test, it is found that the elastic stiffness of the double-limb double-plate joint is 3.12 times that of the single-limb single-plate joint, which can increase the bearing capacity of the joint by 26.1%. Through the energy method, the theoretical calculation expression of the stable bearing capacity of the quadrilateral tower considering the influence of the axial stiffness of the joint is derived. Compared with the effect of the single-limb single-plate connection joint, the double-limb double-plate joint can improve the stable bearing capacity of the quadrilateral tower by 15.6%. Considering the influence of geometric nonlinearity of tower and connecting joint, it is found that the double-limb double-plate connecting joint can improve the nonlinear stability bearing capacity of a transmission tower by 14.9%. The results show that the double-limb double-plate connection joint can not only improve the bearing capacity of the joint, but also greatly improve the stable bearing capacity of the tower. The research results can provide reference for the engineering application and design of double-limb double-plate connection joints.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2143 (1) ◽  
pp. 012014
Pengjie He ◽  
Yanwu Dong ◽  
Yu Yan ◽  
Jie Li ◽  
Ziqiang Lu

Abstract In the power network system, the main role of transmission tower is responsible for supporting the transmission line, to ensure the normal operation of the power network system. But the transmission tower in the outdoor, easy to be affected by the external environment, resulting in tower collapse, wire broken and other problems. Based on this, this paper, by using multi-sensor data melting technology on transmission tower operation monitoring system are studied, in particular, the system has carried on the design of hardware, software, and then with the inspection of transmission tower temperature and humidity data fusion, the effective monitoring results, confirmed the feasibility of the system design. Through this research, the aim is to make a modest contribution to the transmission tower motion state monitoring.

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