spin orbit interaction
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Anatoly Romanenko ◽  
Galina Chebanova ◽  
Ivan Katamanin ◽  
Michael Drozhzhin ◽  
Sofia Artemkina ◽  

Abstract The optimization of thermoelectric properties of the CuCrS2-xSex (x = 0, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2) samples was achieved by substitution in anionic sublattice and sintering at high temperature. The maximum power factor PF ~ 0.3 mW/m•K^2 among a series of samples with chalcogen substitution was obtained for CuCrS0.5Se1.5 sample at T=300 K. The sintering made it possible to obtain the maximum value PF ~ 2.1 mW/m•K2 for CuCrSe2 sample. This is due to a more than threefold increase in the thermoelectric power S(T) in CuCrSe2 sample with a spin-orbital interaction in comparison with CuCrS0.5Se1.5 sample with the same optimal electrical conductivity σ (σ300K ~ 100 S/cm), but without spin-orbital interaction. In CuCrSe2 sample, sintering effectively reduced the s to an optimal value, suppressed of the magnetic phase transition in the range of 50-100 K, and the weak localization were replaced by weak antilocalization indicating the appearance of strong spin-orbit interaction below 20 K. As a result, an additional contribution to the S(T) appeared due to the filtration of current carriers caused by the strong spin-orbit interaction. The effect of grain boundaries on the properties σ(T) and S(T) of the samples was investigated. It was established that polycrystalline samples with a high sulfur content were low-conductivity materials consisting of high-conductivity crystallites with the charge carriers concentration n ~ 1020 cm-3 separated by low-conductivity grain boundaries with fluctuation-induced tunneling conductivity. Both the replacement of sulfur with selenium and sintering led to a decrease in the energy barriers connecting grain boundaries. Selenium-dominated samples (CuCrS0.5Se1.5 and CuCrSe2) had high electrical conductivity with negligible energy barriers between grain boundaries. Logarithmic quantum corrections to the electrical conductivity was observed below 20 K, which indicated a quasi-two-dimensional electron transport in these samples.

2021 ◽  
pp. 2100252
Jiahuan Ren ◽  
Qing Liao ◽  
Xuekai Ma ◽  
Stefan Schumacher ◽  
Jiannian Yao ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 16 (1) ◽  
Hao Hu ◽  
Jiwei Qi ◽  
Qiang Wu ◽  
Xianhui Fu ◽  
Hongjin Wu ◽  

AbstractWe designed a simple on-chip integrated optical isolator made up of a metal–insulator–metal waveguide and a disc cavity filled with magneto-optical material to enhance the transverse magneto-optical effect through the coin paradox spin–orbit interaction (SOI). The simulation results of the non-reciprocal transmission properties of this optical structure show that a high-performance on-chip integrated optical isolator is obtained. The maximum isolation ratio is greater than 60 dB with a corresponding insertion loss of about 2 dB. The great performance of the optical isolator is attributed to the strong transverse magneto-optical effect, which is enhanced by the coin paradox SOI. Moreover, the enhancement of the transverse magneto-optical effect through the coin paradox SOI is more substantial for smaller azimuthal mode number n. Benefiting from this, the transverse magneto-optical effect remains strong in a wide wavelength range. Additionally, a smaller cavity has a stronger transverse magneto-optical effect in the same wavelength range. Our research provides a new perspective for creating highly integrated magneto-optical devices.

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