orbit interaction
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2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (4) ◽  
pp. 479-486
Gennady A. Ovsyannikov ◽  
Karen Y. Constantinian ◽  
Vladislav A. Shmakov ◽  
Anton V. Shadrin ◽  

Kotelnikov Institute of Radioengineering and Electronics of Russian Academy of Sciences The paper presents the results of fabrication and structural study of SrIrO3/La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 heterostructures. The results of experimental studies of the spin current arising in the regime of ferromagnetic resonance are presented. The spin-orbit interaction present in 5d-oxides of transition metals, which is SrIrO3, provides an effective conversion of spin current to charge current due to the inverse spin Hall effect. The angular dependence of spin magnetoresistance makes it possible to determine the angle of the spin Hall effect.

Anatoly Romanenko ◽  
Galina Chebanova ◽  
Ivan Katamanin ◽  
Michael Drozhzhin ◽  
Sofia Artemkina ◽  

Abstract The optimization of thermoelectric properties of the CuCrS2-xSex (x = 0, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2) samples was achieved by substitution in anionic sublattice and sintering at high temperature. The maximum power factor PF ~ 0.3 mW/m•K^2 among a series of samples with chalcogen substitution was obtained for CuCrS0.5Se1.5 sample at T=300 K. The sintering made it possible to obtain the maximum value PF ~ 2.1 mW/m•K2 for CuCrSe2 sample. This is due to a more than threefold increase in the thermoelectric power S(T) in CuCrSe2 sample with a spin-orbital interaction in comparison with CuCrS0.5Se1.5 sample with the same optimal electrical conductivity σ (σ300K ~ 100 S/cm), but without spin-orbital interaction. In CuCrSe2 sample, sintering effectively reduced the s to an optimal value, suppressed of the magnetic phase transition in the range of 50-100 K, and the weak localization were replaced by weak antilocalization indicating the appearance of strong spin-orbit interaction below 20 K. As a result, an additional contribution to the S(T) appeared due to the filtration of current carriers caused by the strong spin-orbit interaction. The effect of grain boundaries on the properties σ(T) and S(T) of the samples was investigated. It was established that polycrystalline samples with a high sulfur content were low-conductivity materials consisting of high-conductivity crystallites with the charge carriers concentration n ~ 1020 cm-3 separated by low-conductivity grain boundaries with fluctuation-induced tunneling conductivity. Both the replacement of sulfur with selenium and sintering led to a decrease in the energy barriers connecting grain boundaries. Selenium-dominated samples (CuCrS0.5Se1.5 and CuCrSe2) had high electrical conductivity with negligible energy barriers between grain boundaries. Logarithmic quantum corrections to the electrical conductivity was observed below 20 K, which indicated a quasi-two-dimensional electron transport in these samples.

2021 ◽  
pp. 2100252
Jiahuan Ren ◽  
Qing Liao ◽  
Xuekai Ma ◽  
Stefan Schumacher ◽  
Jiannian Yao ◽  

2021 ◽  
M. Asadian ◽  
S. Ahadpour ◽  
F. Mirmasoudi

Abstract In this paper, we consider a heat engines composed of two interactionalqubits with spin-orbit interaction (Dzyaloshinskii–Moriya (DM)) subjectto an external magnetic field, so that each qubit is considered as a cold orhot source. One intention of this work is to investigate the following question: is it possible the effects of DM lead to improve basic thermodynamicquantities in this heat engine are coupled to local environments that arenot necessarily at equilibrium? For this end, we investigate the effects ofthe temperature and the interaction rate of each qubit with its surrounding environment on quantum correlations such as quantum coherence andquantum discord and quantum entanglements, as well as the generatedwork. Finally we compare three quantum correlations (entanglement, discord, and coherence) with thermodynamic parameters and show that theoutput work is positive for what values of the magnetic field so that thiscycle can be considered as a thermal machine.

2021 ◽  
Vol 16 (1) ◽  
Hao Hu ◽  
Jiwei Qi ◽  
Qiang Wu ◽  
Xianhui Fu ◽  
Hongjin Wu ◽  

AbstractWe designed a simple on-chip integrated optical isolator made up of a metal–insulator–metal waveguide and a disc cavity filled with magneto-optical material to enhance the transverse magneto-optical effect through the coin paradox spin–orbit interaction (SOI). The simulation results of the non-reciprocal transmission properties of this optical structure show that a high-performance on-chip integrated optical isolator is obtained. The maximum isolation ratio is greater than 60 dB with a corresponding insertion loss of about 2 dB. The great performance of the optical isolator is attributed to the strong transverse magneto-optical effect, which is enhanced by the coin paradox SOI. Moreover, the enhancement of the transverse magneto-optical effect through the coin paradox SOI is more substantial for smaller azimuthal mode number n. Benefiting from this, the transverse magneto-optical effect remains strong in a wide wavelength range. Additionally, a smaller cavity has a stronger transverse magneto-optical effect in the same wavelength range. Our research provides a new perspective for creating highly integrated magneto-optical devices.

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