network applications
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2022 ◽  
Alain Bertrand Bomgni ◽  
Garrik B. Jagho Mdemaya ◽  
Hafiz Munsub Ali ◽  
David Gnimpieba Zanfack ◽  
Etienne Gnimpieba Zohim

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 559
Linan Jing ◽  
Jinlin Wang ◽  
Xiao Chen

In the stateful data plane, the switch can record the state and forward packets based on the local state. This approach makes it possible to integrate complex network applications into the data plane, thus reducing the amount of communication required between the switch and the controller. However, due to the time it takes to look up the state for packets, packet-forwarding latency has increased. With increased network traffic, a large number of states may be recorded in the switch, and the problem of increased packet-forwarding latency caused by the lookup state becomes more serious. In this paper, we propose the multi-scope state area (MSSA) for recording state inside the switch, which can achieve a fixed-time state lookup in a large-scale state. MSSA divides the state sharing scope by associating with the switch’s multiple match–action tables, and the shared scope is used to determine the state area for recording state. When processing a packet, the state required will only be in a limited number of states that are recorded in a few state areas. We implemented a prototype pipeline that supports MSSA based on Intel’s DPDK framework and investigated the effect of state type, number, location, and comparison method on state search/insertion time. The results show that the cost of MSSA search state is constant, regardless of the number of states, and MSSA has a high space utilization rate.

2022 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
Liqun Gao ◽  
Haiyang Wang ◽  
Zhouran Zhang ◽  
Hongwu Zhuang ◽  
Bin Zhou

With the continuous enrichment of social network applications, such as TikTok, Weibo, Twitter, and others, social media have become an indispensable part of our lives. Web users can participate in their favorite events or pay attention to people they like. The “heterogeneous” influence between events and users can be effectively modeled, and users’ potential future behaviors can be predicted, so as to facilitate applications such as recommendations and online advertising. For example, a user’s favorite live streaming host (user) recommends certain products (event), can we predict whether the user will buy these products in the future? The majority of studies are based on a homogeneous graph neural network to model the influence between users. However, these studies ignore the impact of events on users in reality. For instance, when users purchase commodities through live streaming channels, in addition to the factors of the host, the commodity is also a key factor that influences the behavior of users. This study designs an influence prediction model based on a heterogeneous neural network HetInf. Specifically, we first constructed the heterogeneous social influence network according to the relationship between event nodes and user nodes, then sampled the user heterogeneous subgraph for each user, extracted the relevant node features, and finally predicted the probability of user behavior through the heterogeneous neural network model. We conducted comprehensive experiments on two large social network datasets. Furthermore, the experimental results show that HetInf is significantly superior to the previous homogeneous neural network methods.

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