Ovarian Cancer
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2021 ◽  
Vol 75 ◽  
pp. 102045
Author(s):  
Nicholas Pavlidis ◽  
Elie Rassy ◽  
Jan B. Vermorken ◽  
Tarek Assi ◽  
Joseph Kattan ◽  
...  

2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Sourav Mukherjee ◽  
Mohnad Abdalla ◽  
Manasi Yadav ◽  
Maddala Madhavi ◽  
Ravina Khandelwal ◽  
...  

Abstract VEGF and its receptor play an important role both in physiologic and pathologic angiogenesis, which is identified in ovarian cancer progression and metastasis development. The aim of the present investigation is to identify a potential VEGF inhibitor which is playing a crucial role in stimulating the immunosuppressive microenvironment in tumour cells of ovary and to examine for an effectiveness of identified inhibitor for treatment of ovarian cancer using various In silico approaches. 12 established VEGF inhibitors were collected from various literature. The compound AEE788 displays the great affinity towards the target protein as a result of docking study. AEE78 was further used for structure base virtual screening in order to obtain more structurally similar compound with high affinity. Among the 80 Virtual screened compounds, CID 88265020, explicates much better affinity than established compound AEE788. Based on Molecular Dynamics Simulation, pharmacophore and comparative toxicity analysis of both the best established compound and the best virtual screened compound displayed a trivial variation in associated properties. The virtual screened compound CID 88265020 have the high affinity with the lowest re-rank score, and holds a huge potential to inhibit the VGFR and can be implemented for prospective of future investigations in Ovarian Cancer.


2021 ◽  
pp. canres.0622.2021
Author(s):  
Upasana Ray ◽  
Deok-Beom Jung ◽  
Ling Jin ◽  
Yinan Xiao ◽  
Subramanyam Dasari ◽  
...  

Cancers ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (20) ◽  
pp. 5152
Author(s):  
Daniela Califano ◽  
Daniela Gallo ◽  
Gian Luca Rampioni Vinciguerra ◽  
Rossella De Cecio ◽  
Laura Arenare ◽  
...  

Background. Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is a rare, highly lethal disease. In a subset of high grade EOC patients, maintenance therapy with the antiangiogenic drug Bevacizumab (BEV) is a valuable option. To date, no validated predictive or prognostic biomarkers exist for selecting EOC patients that might benefit from BEV treatment. Methods. Immunohistochemistry and RT-qPCR evaluated the expression of seven angiogenesis-related proteins and of a twelve microRNAs angio-signature in EOC patients, treated in first line with chemotherapy plus BEV (MITO16A/ManGO OV-2 phase IV trial). Centralized statistical analyses assessed the associations between each biomarker, clinical prognostic factors and survival outcomes. Results. High miR-484 expression was associated with longer progression-free and overall survival. Notably, the combined expression of miR-484 and its target VEGFB identified a subset of patients that might mostly benefit from BEV treatment. No other significant correlations were found between the other analyzed biomarkers and patients’ survival. The application of a shrinkage procedure to adjust for over-fitting hazard ratio estimates reduced the association significance. Conclusions. The analysis of angiogenesis related biomarkers in EOC patients homogenously treated with BEV in first line provides novel insight in their prognostic value and suggests that some of them might merit to be tested as predictive markers of drug activity in dedicated randomized trials.


2021 ◽  
Vol 11 ◽  
Author(s):  
Ying-Cheng Chiang ◽  
Po-Han Lin ◽  
Wen-Fang Cheng

Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) patients are generally diagnosed at an advanced stage, usually relapse after initial treatments, which include debulking surgery and adjuvant platinum-based chemotherapy, and eventually have poor 5-year survival of less than 50%. In recent years, promising survival benefits from maintenance therapy with poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor (PARPi) has changed the management of EOC in newly diagnosed and recurrent disease. Identification of BRCA mutations and/or homologous recombination deficiency (HRD) is critical for selecting patients for PARPi treatment. However, the currently available HRD assays are not perfect predictors of the clinical response to PARPis in EOC patients. In this review, we introduce the concept of synthetic lethality, the rationale of using PARPi when HRD is present in tumor cells, the clinical trials of PARPi incorporating the HRD assays for EOC, the current HRD assays, and other HRD assays in development.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Suli Wang ◽  
Yingchun Wang ◽  
Jin Lu ◽  
Jinhua Wang

Abstract Objective: Previous reports indicate that long intergenic non-coding RNA LINC00665 naturally occurred vital effect in various cancers. Herein, the role of LINC00665 in ovarian cancer progress was explored.Methods: We found that LINC00665 was upregulated in ovarian cancer cell lines. Besides that, A series of assays including flow cytometry, wound-healing, Transwell, Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8), and EdU assay confirmed that the knockdown of LINC00665 could reduce the viability, proliferation and migration of SKOV-3 and OVCAR-3 cells. Accumulating evidence indicates that many lncRNAs can function as endogenous miRNA sponges by competitively binding common miRNAs. In this study, the bioinformatics analysis suggested that LNC00665 specifically binds to miR-181a-5p.Results: LINC00665 downregulated the miR-181a-5p in SKOV-3 and OVCAR-3 cells. The knockdown of miR-181a-5p evidently reverses the inhibitory effect of sh-LINC00662. Besides, FH2 Domain Containing 1 (FHDC1) has been proved to deed as an effective target of miR-181a-5p.Conclusion: Our results reveal the knockdown of LINC00665 facilitates ovarian cancer via development by sponging miR-181a-5p and upregulating FHDC1 expression; these may contribute to ovarian cancer therapy.


2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Jun Zhu ◽  
Jun-e Luo ◽  
Yurong Chen ◽  
Qiong Wu

Abstract Background Ovarian cancer is an aggressive tumor in women with high mortality. Paclitaxel (PTX) can be used for the chemotherapy of ovarian cancer. Here, the roles of circular_0061140 (circ_0061140) in PTX sensitivity and malignant progression of ovarian cancer are unveiled. Methods The expressions of circ_0061140, microRNA-136 (miR-136) and chromobox 2 (CBX2) mRNA were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Protein expression was determined by western blot. The half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) of PTX was determined by 3-(4,5-Dimethylthazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Cell proliferation was investigated by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) and colony formation assays. Cell apoptosis was demonstrated by flow cytometry analysis. Cell migration and invasion were evaluated by transwell assay. The binding relationship between miR-136 and circ_0061140 or CBX2 was predicted by interactome or starbase online database, and identified by dual-luciferase reporter assay. The effects of circ_0061140 on tumor formation and PTX sensitivity in vivo were disclosed by tumor formation assay. Results Circ_0061140 and CBX2 expressions were upregulated, while miR-136 expression was downregulated in PTX-resistant tissues and cells compared with control groups. Circ_0061140 knockdown repressed cell proliferation, migration and invasion, and promoted cell apoptosis and PTX sensitivity; however, these effects were restrained by miR-136 RNAi. Additionally, circ_0061140 was a sponge of miR-136, and miR-136 bound to CBX2. Furthermore, circ_0061140 knockdown inhibited tumor formation and improved PTX sensitivity in vivo. Conclusions Circ_0061140 silencing repressed the progression and PTX resistance of ovarian cancer by downregulating CBX2 expression via sponging miR-136, which provided novel insight into studying the therapy of ovarian cancer with PTX.


2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Jieyu Wang ◽  
Jun Li ◽  
Ruifang Chen ◽  
Huiran Yue ◽  
Wenzhi Li ◽  
...  

AbstractHigh-grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSOC) is the most common type of epigenetically heterogeneous ovarian cancer. Methylation typing has previously been used in many tumour types but not in HGSOC. Methylation typing in HGSOC may promote the development of personalized care. The present study used DNA methylation data from The Cancer Genome Atlas database and identified four unique methylation subtypes of HGSOC. With the poorest prognosis and high frequency of residual tumours, cluster 4 featured hypermethylation of a panel of genes, which indicates that demethylation agents may be tested in this group and that neoadjuvant chemotherapy may be used to reduce the possibility of residual lesions. Cluster 1 and cluster 2 were significantly associated with metastasis genes and metabolic disorders, respectively. Two feature CpG sites, cg24673765 and cg25574024, were obtained through Cox proportional hazards model analysis of the CpG sites. Based on the methylation level of the two CpG sites, the samples were classified into high- and low-risk groups to identify the prognostic information. Similar results were obtained in the validation set. Taken together, these results explain the epigenetic heterogeneity of HGSOC and provide guidance to clinicians for the prognosis of HGSOC based on DNA methylation sites.


Author(s):  
Elisa De Paolis ◽  
Paola Concolino ◽  
Maria Elisabetta Onori ◽  
Concetta Santonocito ◽  
Claudia Marchetti ◽  
...  

AbstractNext generation sequencing (NGS) is a widespread molecular biology method integrated into clinical practice to detect genetic variants, for diagnostic and prognostic purposes. The scheduled external quality assessments (EQA) is integral part of clinical molecular laboratory quality assurance. The EQA provides an efficient system to compare analytic test performances among different laboratories, which is essential to evaluate consistency of molecular test. EQA failures demands targeted corrective action plans. In this context, the complexity of the NGS techniques requires careful and continuous quality control procedures. We report a tumor BRCA1/2 (tBRCA) testing benchmark discrepancy provided by the European Molecular Genetics Quality Network in our laboratory during a round of EQA for somatic mutation testing of BRCA genes in relation to ovarian cancer. The critical analysis emerging from the tBRCA EQA is presented. We underline that harmonization processes are still required for the EQA in the molecular biology field, especially if applied to the evaluation of methods characterized by high complexity.


2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Pim Laven ◽  
Roy Kruitwagen ◽  
Petra Zusterzeel ◽  
Brigitte Slangen ◽  
Toon van Gorp ◽  
...  

Abstract Objective Sentinel lymph node (SLN) detection in ovarian cancer is feasible when tracers are injected before the pathological ovary is resected. This study aims to investigate whether the SLN identification is also feasible in patients whose ovarian tumor has already been resected with injection of the tracer into the ovarian ligaments stumps, i.e. in the event that a frozen section confirms malignancy. Methods Patients who underwent laparotomy with frozen section confirming an ovarian malignancy, and those who underwent a second staging laparotomy after prior resection of a malignant ovarian mass, were included. Blue dye and a radioactive isotope were injected in the stumps of the ligamentum ovarium proprium and the ligamentum infundibulo-pelvicum. After an interval of at least 15-min, the sentinel node(s) were identified using either the gamma-probe and / or blue dye. Results A total of 11 patients were included in the study, the sentinel node (SLN) procedure was completed in all 11 patients. At least one SLN was identified in 3 patients, resulting in a rather low detection rate of 27,3%. Conclusion In this study we showed that SLN procedure after (previous) resection of the tumor seems inferior to detect sentinel nodes when compared to injection of the tracer in the ovarian ligaments before tumor resection. Trial registration NCT02540551


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