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2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (3) ◽  
pp. 581-587
Author(s):  
Wenxu Rao ◽  
Kang Yin

This study aims at investigating the mechanism underlying bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSC) function in glioma. Glioma cells were administered with plasmids loading NF-κB siRNA, microRNA (miRNA)-189 inhibitor, or miR-189 mimics for transfection followed by analysis of miR-189 expression by RT-qPCR, cell apoptosis by flow cytometry, cell proliferation by MTT assay,invasion and migration by Transwell assay, inflammatory factors secretion by ELISA as well as proteins expression by western blot. A mouse model of glioma was established to detect the in vivo effect of BMSCs. miR-189 was lowly expressed in glioma cell lines but enriched in BMSCs. When miR-189 was silenced, cell proliferation, invasion and migration were potentiated and apoptosis was decreased, along with enhancement of N-cadherin, Vimentin, MMP-2 and and MMP-9, and decline in Bax, cleaved casepase-3 and cleaved PARP. Silencing of NF-κB reversed the effect of miR-189 inhibitor on cell progression, accompanied with reduction of inflammatory factors. BMSCs treatment effectively promoted miR-189 expression in glioma and inactivated TNF-α/NF-κB signaling, thereby suppressing tumor growth. In conclusion, miR-189 derived from BMSC inhibits glioma progression through regulation of TNF-α/NF-κB signaling pathway.


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (5) ◽  
pp. 1008-1014
Author(s):  
Qian Li ◽  
Ting Wang ◽  
Yang Shen ◽  
Juan Du

The BMSCs-exosome plays a role in regulating tumor micro-environment so as to affect tumor cell biological behaviors. However, whether it affects the biological characteristics of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) cells remains unclear. Our study aimed to discuss whether BMSCs-exosome affects EOC cell proliferative ability. BMSCs cells were cultivated to isolate exosome which was used to treat EOC cells at different concentrations (25, 50, and 100 μmol/L) followed by measuring cell proliferation by CCK-8, cell invasion and migration by Transwell, MKP-1and MAPK/ERK protein level by Western Blot. BMSCs-exosome showed positive expression of CD9, CD63 and CD81 and negative CD116 and CD19. It could significantly inhibit EOC cell proliferation, invasion and migration in a dose-dependent manner along with reduced expression of MAPK/ERK. In conclusion, BMSCs-exosome inhibits EOC cell biological behaviors possibly through regulation of MKP-1 and MAPK/ERK signal pathway, indicating that it might be used as a novel approach for treating EOC.


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (5) ◽  
pp. 1059-1064
Author(s):  
Li Gao ◽  
Shulan Lv ◽  
Yan Zhu

ADAM-17 is a membrane-bound protease and highly expressed in multiple tumors. BMSCs carrying target genes are delivered to damaged sites. This study aimed to investigate the mechanism underlying BMSCs with ADAM-17 in cervical cancer (CC). BMSCs were transfected with ADAM-17 mimics and co-cultured with CC cells followed by analysis of cell proliferation and migration by MTT assay and scratch assay, ADAM-17 and target genes (LAMB3, Robol) level by Western blot and RT-qPCR. As the effectiveness of ADAM-17 transfection was confirmed by its increased level, the presence of empty vector rarely affected ADAM-17 expression and biological activities of CC cells compared to control group (p > 0.05). BMSCs with ADAM-17 overexpression increased CC cell proliferation and enhanced scratch healing rate (p < 0.05), accompanied with upregulated LAMB3 and Robol. The difference in LAMB3 and Robol expression between empty vector group and control group did not reach a significance. In conclsuion, this study elucidates that BMSCs with ADAM-17 overexpression promotes CC cell progression through up-regulation of LAMB3 and Robol and activation EGFR/PI3K/Akt signaling, providing a novel BMSC-based targeted therapy.


Geoforum ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 129 ◽  
pp. 13-27
Author(s):  
Fiona Miller ◽  
Tran Thi Phung Ha ◽  
Huynh Van Da ◽  
Ngo Thi Thanh Thuy ◽  
Boi Huyen Ngo

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-9
Author(s):  
Limin Ma ◽  
Changming Tao ◽  
Yingying Zhang

Objective. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a kind of solid and highly aggressive malignant tumor with poor prognosis. MicroRNA (miRNA/miR) has been confirmed to be involved in HCC development. The current study focused on the functions and mechanisms of miR-517c in HCC. Methods. Expressions of miR-517c and Karyopherin α2 (KPNA2) mRNA in HCC cell lines and tissue samples were examined using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Western blot was conducted for detections of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and PI3K/AKT markers. 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) and Transwell assays were utilized to investigate the influence of miR-517c on HCC cell proliferation, invasion, and migration. TargetScan and luciferase reporter assay were performed to search for the potential target gene of miR-517c. Results. We demonstrated that miR-517c expressions were decreased in HCC tissues and cells. Moreover, the clinical analysis showed that decreased miR-517c expressions in HCC tissues correlated with shorter overall survival and malignant clinicopathologic features of HCC patients. MTT assay showed that miR-517c upregulation prominently repressed HCC cell proliferation. In addition, miR-517c restoration could significantly suppress HCC cell invasion and migration as demonstrated by Transwell assays. We also found that miR-517c directly targeted KPNA2 and regulated the PI3K/AKT pathway and EMT, exerting prohibitory functions in HCC. Conclusion. Taken together, this study stated that miR-517c inhibited HCC progression via regulating the PI3K/AKT pathway and EMT and targeting KPNA2 in HCC, providing a novel insight into HCC treatment.


2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 873
Author(s):  
Bipul Kumar ◽  
Takeshi Mizunoya

The Bangladesh government initiated the Buriganga River Restoration Project in 2010 to clean the heavily polluted Turag-Buriganga River. This study assessed the dynamic impact of the project on intergenerational well-being and developing a sustainable river system. The project outcomes were modeled for three future scenarios—varying waste control, streamflow, and migration control levels. System dynamics modeling—based on Streeter-Phelps’ water quality model and inclusive wealth (IW) index—was applied to secondary data (including remotely sensed data). The simulation model indicated that the project (with increasing streamflow up to 160 m3/s) will not ensure sustainability because dissolved oxygen (DO) is meaningfully decreasing, biological oxygen demand (BOD) is increasing, and IW is declining over time. However, sustainability can be achieved in scenario 3, an integrated strategy (streamflow: 160 m3/s, waste control: 87.78% and migration control: 6%) that will ensure DO of 8.3 mg/L, BOD of 3.1 mg/L, and IW of 57.5 billion USD in 2041, which is equivalent to 2.22% cumulative gross domestic product by 2041. This study is the first to use combined modeling to assess the dynamic impacts of a river restoration project. The findings can help policymakers to achieve sustainability and determine the optimal strategy for restoring polluted rivers.


Author(s):  
Kishor Pant ◽  
Seth Richard ◽  
Sergio A. Gradilone

Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a deadly form of liver cancer with limited therapeutic approaches. The pathogenesis of CCA involves the loss of primary cilia in cholangiocytes, an important organelle that regulates several key cellular functions including the regulation of cell polarity, growth, and differentiation, by a mechanism involving increased expression of deacetylases like HDAC6 and SIRT1. Therefore, cilia restoration may represent an alternative and novel therapeutic approach against CCA. Butyrate is produced by bacterial fermentation of fibers in the intestine and has been shown to inhibit SIRT1, showing antitumor effects on various cancers. Herein, we investigated the role of butyrate on CCA cell proliferation, migration, and EMT and evaluated the synergistic effects with specific HDAC6 inhibition. When CCA cells, including HuCCT1 and KMCH, were treated with butyrate, the cilia formation and acetylated-tubulin levels were increased, while no significant effects were observed in normal human cholangiocytes. Butyrate treatment also depicted reduced cell proliferation in HuCCT1 and KMCH cells, but on the other hand, it affected cell growth of the normal cholangiocytes only at high concentrations. In HuCCT1 cells, spheroid formation and cell migration were also halted by butyrate treatment. Furthermore, we found that butyrate augmented the previously described effects of HDAC6 inhibitors on CCA cell proliferation and migration by reducing the expression of CD44, cyclin D1, PCNA, Zeb1, and Vimentin. In summary, butyrate targets cancer cell growth and migration and enhances the anti-cancer effects of HDAC6 inhibitors in CCA cells, suggesting that butyrate may have therapeutic effects in CCA and other ciliopathies.


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