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2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (5) ◽  
pp. 978-983
Author(s):  
Shengdi Ding ◽  
Shitong Xing ◽  
Zhanfeng Zhang ◽  
Zhenguo Sun ◽  
Xiaojie Dou ◽  
...  

The menopausal hormone abnormal changes such as estrogen deficiency and increased FSH secretion in female patients in old age may cause osteoporosis which is plagued by patients. The pathogenesis of osteoporosis is not yet fully understood. BMP in the transforming growth factor-β superfamily is a key member in the process of bone growth and development, among which BMP-2 exerts critical roles. Impaired osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSC) contributes to the progress of osteoporosis. BMSC plays an indispensable role in treating osteoporosis and can develop into different directions through induction. As the regenerative medicine nanotechnology has become a new medical method, it is believed that BMSC can be used to treat osteoporosis and other related diseases. Our study analyzed the effects of BMP-2/estrogen composite nanoparticles on the proliferation and differentiation of osteoporotic BMSC cells to provide a reliable reference for the future treatment. Our results showed that BMP-2/estrogen composite nanoparticles promoted BMSC cell proliferation, increased ALP activity, decreased apoptosis rate, increased the expression of Col-1, Runx2 and Osterix, upregulated the osteogenic marker BMP-2. As confirmed by Alizarin Red staining, it could differentiate into osteoblasts and the content of Trap was decreased. In conclusion, our study confirms that BMP-2/estrogen composite nanoparticles can promote BMSC cell proliferation, osteogenic differentiation, and inhibit osteoclast differentiation, thereby providing new treatments and theoretical reference basis for treating osteoporosis.


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (4) ◽  
pp. 873-877
Author(s):  
Dongqian Xie ◽  
Zhicheng Gao ◽  
Mei Liu ◽  
Defeng Wang

Metformin is shown to have hypoglycemic effects. However, the relationship between metformin’s intervention in FFA-induced endoplasmic reticulum stress-mediated insulin resistance (IR) and insulin β-cell apoptosis under high-glucose condition remains unclear. Our study intends to assess their relationship. Human pancreatic β-cells were treated with metformin and cell proliferation and IR were detected by MTT assay along with detection of Wnt/β-catenin signaling by RT-PCR, cell cycle and apoptosis by flow cytometry. Metformin inhibited β cell proliferation which was mediated by FFA-induced endoplasmic reticulum stress in a time-dependent and dose-dependent manner as well as induced cell cycle arrest at G2/M phase. In addition, metformin inhibited β-catenin signaling activation and decreased the expression of c-myc, Dvl-2, survivin, Dvl-3, GSK-3β (p-ser9) and promoted GSK-3 (p-tyr216) and Axin-2 expression. In conclusion, metformin inhibits Wnt/β-catenin signaling and promotes FFA to induce endoplasmic reticulum stress, thereby mediating pancreatic β-cells behaviors.


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (4) ◽  
pp. 800-806
Author(s):  
Jing Cao ◽  
Fan Yang ◽  
Haiyan Zhou ◽  
Duojiao Fan ◽  
Hengzhou Li ◽  
...  

Our study explores whether BMSC-exosomes overexpressing miR-141 can regulate Wnt signal to inhibit the malignant biological behavior of glioma cells. Thirty healthy mice were selected to construct a glioma mouse model and assigned randomly into the control group, miR-141 NC group, and miR-141 mimic group followed by analysis of cell proliferation, apoptosis, protein expression and mRNA expression by MTT method, flow cytometry, Western blot and RT-PCR methods. Compared with the other two groups, miR-141 mimic group showed reduced number of cell proliferation at 24 h and 48 h, decreased cell migration and invasion ability, and the increased cell apoptosis rate (P < 0.05). In miR-141 mimic group, the protein expression of miR-141 was the highest, while the protein expression of β-catenin, survivin and c-myc was the lowest (P < 0.05). In conclusion, BMSC-exosomes overexpressing miR-141 can inhibit the malignant biological behavior of GC cells possibly by inhibiting the activation of Wnt signaling pathway.


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (4) ◽  
pp. 854-861
Author(s):  
Jing Li ◽  
Bo Xie ◽  
Hu Wang ◽  
Chengsong Chen ◽  
Chengwu Pan ◽  
...  

Certain progress has been made in the therapeutic method against gastric cancer such as surgical operation combined with chemotherapy and radiation therapy in recent years. But the therapeutic efficacy and prognosis on gastric cancer was still not satisfactory. The function of exosome of miR-328–3p secreted by bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) on restraining the gastric cancer was studied in the present study. The BMSCs with highly-expressed miR-328-3p was established. The exosome in cell supernatant was collected. The exosome of BMSCs and MSCs with highlyexpressed miR-328-3p was added into SGC-7901 cells followed by analysis of miR-328-3p level by Real-time PCR and TFF3 (Trefoil Factor 3) level in exosome by Western blot, cell proliferation, expression of E-cadherin, Vimentin and Caspase-3. miR-328-39 expression was reduced and TFF3 was elevated in gastric cancer tissue (P < 0.05). miR-328-3p was upregulated and TFF3 was downregulated after addition of BMSCs exosomes along with increased cell proliferation and reduced E-cadherin and Caspase3 expression (P < 0.05). In conclusion, exosome of BMSCs could be regulated by miR-328-3p and TFF3 expression is restrained so as to regulate the biological behaviors of gastric cancer cell.


2022 ◽  
Vol 3 (1) ◽  
pp. 101065
Author(s):  
Fernando Janczur Velloso ◽  
Ekta Kumari ◽  
Krista D. Buono ◽  
Michelle J. Frondelli ◽  
Steven W. Levison

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (4) ◽  
pp. 695-700
Author(s):  
Xiumei He ◽  
Xiong Zhou ◽  
Yueyue Feng

This study intends to identify the expression profiles of micoRNAs during the recovery of damaged corneal epithelium induced by BMSCs. Differential expressions of miRNA after damage of corneal epithelium stimulated by BMSCs were analyzed based on micro-array and validated by qRT-PCR. The miRNA’s effect on cell proliferative and apoptotic activity was evaluated through transfection of plasmid with over presentation of miRNA and inhibitor of miRNA. miR-339 was significantly down-regulated in the process of recovery of the damaged corneal epithelium induced by BMSCs. Importin 13 and EGF expression was reduced after transfection of plasmid with over presentation of miR-339, which were reversed by transfection of the inhibitor of miR-339. Importin 13 was a target of miR-339. The cell proliferation and apoptosis could be restrained by miR-339 through regulation of the expression of Importin 13. In conclusion, the damaged corneal epithelium induced by BMSCs could be recovered by miR-339 through restraining Importin 13 expression, indicating that it might be a novel target for amelioration of corneal epithelium damage.


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (4) ◽  
pp. 763-769
Author(s):  
Liang Yu ◽  
Sheng Zhang ◽  
Wei He

microRNA-136 can inhibit the proliferating activity of malignant cells and also participate in chemotherapy resistance of colorectal cancer via modulating HDAC1. This study assessed miR-136’s effect on NSCLC cell proliferation and underlying mechanisms. Tumor tissues and paracancerous tissues from NSCLC patients were collected to measure miR-136 and HDAC1 level. Cells were transfected with miR-136-mimics, miR-136-inhibitors or miR-136 mimics+HDAC1-OE followed by analysis of cell viability and apoptosis by CCK-8 method and flow cytometry, phosphorylation of Jak2/STAT3 by western blot. miR-136 was significantly downregulated in tumor tissues and NSCLC cells, accompanied by upregulated HDAC1. miR-136 overexpression suppressed HDAC1 expression, retarded phosphorylation and activation of Jak2/STAT3 signaling, reduced NSCLC cell viability and enhanced apoptosis. In addition, co-transfection of miR-136-mimics and HDAC1-OE reversed the inhibitory effects of miR-136 on NSCLC cells. In conclusion, miR-136 is reduced and HDAC1 is increased in NSCLC and miR-136 overexpression inhibited NSCLC cell proliferation and increased apoptosis possibly through regulating HDAC1/Jak2/STAT3 signal pathway, indicating that miR-136 might be a novel target for the treatment of NSCLC.


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (4) ◽  
pp. 788-793
Author(s):  
Lan Liu ◽  
Xinchao Cheng ◽  
Shaomin Li

This study investigated KLF7’s effect on sugar induced retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) biological activity. The RGCs cells divided into blank group (RA), high sugar group (RB), high sugar+NC group (RC) and high sugar+KLF7 group (RD) (transfected with KLF7 mimic) followed by analysis cell proliferation by MTT, cell apoptosis by flow cytometry and protein expression by western blot and ROS level. RB and RC group showed significantly reduced KLF7 mRNA and protein level compared to RA group (P < 0.05) without different between RB and RC group (P > 0.05). RD group had significantly increased LKF7 and Sirt1 protein expression (F = 113.3, P < 0.0, 01), reduced cell proliferation (P < 0.05) and increased RGCs apoptosis rate (P < 0.05) compared with RB and RC group. After 24 h, RB and RC group presented significantly higher ROS level (P < 0.05) which was reduced in RD group (P < 0.05). In conclusion, KLF7 can change sugar induced retinal ganglion cell biological activity and reduce the oxidative stress level.


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (4) ◽  
pp. 848-853
Author(s):  
Peng Sun ◽  
Duojiao Fan ◽  
Jing Cao ◽  
Haiyan Zhou ◽  
Fan Yang ◽  
...  

Abnormal MEK1 expression is associated with tumor cell EMT, invasion and metastasis. Decreased miR-16 level is associated with glioma. Bioinformatics analysis showed a relationship between miR-16 and MEK1. This study assessed whether miR-16 regulates MEK1 expression and affects glioma cell EMT and invasion. The tumor tissues and adjacent glioma tissues were collected to measure miR-16 and MEK1 mRNA. The dual luciferase assay validated the relation of miR-16 with MEK1. U251 cells were cultured and assigned into NC group and mimic group, followed by analysis of cell biological behaviors, and MEK1, p-ERK1/2, E-cadherin, N-Cadherin expression. Compared with adjacent tissues, miR-16 expression was significantly decreased and MEK1 was elevated in glioma tissues. Compared with HEB, miR-16 in glioma U251 and SHG44 cells was decreased and MEK1 was increased. Dual luciferase reporter gene experiments confirmed the relation of miR-16 with MEK1. Transfection of miR-16 mimic significantly down-regulated MEK1, p-ERK1/2 and N-cadherin in U251 cells, upregulated E-cadherin, inhibited cell proliferation, promoted apoptosis, and attenuated EMT and invasion of glioma cells. In conclusion, decreased miR-16 expression and increased MEK1 expression is related to glioma pathogenesis. Overexpression of miR-16 can inhibit MEK1 expression, ERK/MAPK signaling, glioma cell proliferation, promote apoptosis, and attenuate EMT and invasion.


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (4) ◽  
pp. 701-710
Author(s):  
Ming Liu ◽  
Shenghu Guo ◽  
Jing Cao ◽  
Zheng Wu ◽  
Lei Zhang ◽  
...  

Objective: Our research was to discuss effects and mechanism of lncRNA TUG1 in NSCLC by vitro study. Methods: A549 and H1299 cells were divided into NC, pcDNA 3.1 and lncRNA TUG1 groups. Measuring cell proliferation using CCK-8 assay, cell apoptosis by flow cytometry, invasion cell number by transwell and wound healing rate by wound healing assay. Relative gene and protein expressions by RT-qPCR and WB assay. Results: Compared with NC group, the cell proliferation rate, invasion cell number and wound healing rate were significantly depressed in A549 and H1299 cell lines (P < 0.001, respectively). By RT-qPCR and WB assay, lncRNA TUG1 gene expression were significantly increased (P < 0.001, respectively); E-cadherin gene and protein expression were significantly up-regulation, and N-cadherin and Vimentin gene and protein expressions were significantly depressed compared with those of NC group in A549 and H1299 cell lines (P < 0.001, respectively). Conclusion: lncRNA TUG1 had effects to suppress NSCLC cell biological activities by regulation EMT relative gene and proteins expression in vivo study.


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