Migration And Invasion
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Fujian Lu ◽  
Yunzhan Li ◽  
Shengchen Lin ◽  
Heping Cheng ◽  
Shengyu Yang

The store-operated calcium (Ca2+) entry (SOCE) is the Ca2+ entry mechanism used by cells to replenish depleted Ca2+ store. The dysregulation of SOCE has been reported in metastatic cancer. It is believed that SOCE promotes migration and invasion by remodeling the actin cytoskeleton and cell adhesion dynamics. There is recent evidence supporting that SOCE is critical for the spatial and the temporal coding of Ca2+ signals in the cell. In this review, we critically examined the spatiotemporal control of SOCE signaling and its implication in the specificity and robustness of signaling events downstream of SOCE, with a focus on the spatiotemporal SOCE signaling during cancer cell migration, invasion and metastasis. We further discuss the limitation of our current understanding of SOCE in cancer metastasis and potential approaches to overcome such limitation.

Vascular ◽  
2021 ◽  
pp. 170853812110521
Fan Zhu ◽  
Jia Chen ◽  
Mingyao Luo ◽  
Dongting Yao ◽  
Xiaobo Hu ◽  

Objectives To evaluate the potential effect of EphrinB2 in human thoracic aortic dissection (TAD) and to illustrate the mechanisms governing the role of EphrinB2 in the growth of human aortic smooth muscle cells (HASMC). Methods In the study, EphrinB2 expression was investigated by qRT-PCR and immunohistochemistry in 12 pairs of TAD and adjacent human tissues. HASMCs were used for in vitro experiments. Next, EphrinB2 overexpression and depletion in HASMCs were established by EphrinB2-overexpressing vectors and small interfering RNA, respectively. The transfection efficiency was evaluated by qRT-PCR and Western blot. The effects of overexpression and depletion of EphrinB2 on cell proliferation, migration, and invasion were tested in vitro. Cell Counting Kit-8, flow cytometry and transwell migration/invasion, and wound healing assay were used to explore the function of EphrinB2 on HASMC cell lines. The relationship between EphrinB2 and F-actin was assessed by Western blot, immunofluorescence, and Co-IP. Results We found that EphrinB2 was a prognostic biomarker of TAD patients. Moreover, EphrinB2 expression negatively correlated to aortic dissection tissues, and disease incidence of males, suggesting that EphrinB2 might act as a TAD suppressor by promoting proliferation or decreasing apoptosis in HASMC. Next, over-expression of EphrinB2 in HASMC lines drove cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, and inhibited apoptosis while knockdown EphrinB2 showed the opposite phenomenon, respectively. Furthermore, the level of F-actin in mRNA, protein, and distribution in HASMC cell lines highly matched with the expression of EphrinB2, which indicated that EphrinB2 could mediate the HASMC cytoskeleton via inducing F-actin. Conclusions In conclusion, our results first provided the pivotal role of EphrinB2 in HASMC proliferation initiated by mediating F-actin and demonstrated a prognostic biomarker and the potential targets for therapy to prevent thoracic aortic dissection.

2021 ◽  
Heng Xiao ◽  
Jing Long ◽  
Xiang Chen ◽  
Mi-Duo Tan

Abstract Background: Breast cancer is a commonplace carcinoma in females. Recurrence and metastasis are the main problems affecting the survival rate of patients. The fundamental reason is the lack of understanding of the mechanism of breast cancer metastasis. This study aims to deliberate on the efficaciousness of Nuclear protein 1 (NUPR1)-mediated autophagy on breast cancer metastasis.Methods: The proliferation, migration and invasion ability of breast cancer cells were appraised by CCK-8, wound healing, and colony formation, as well as transwell assay. The relationship between NUPR1 and Translocation factor E3 (TFE3) was appraised by qPCR, western blot and ChIP. Migration-invasion-related proteins and autophagy-related proteins were appraised by western blot. The effects of NUPR1 on malignancy formation and metastasis were studied in vivo.Results: NUPR1 was upregulated in breast cancer cells and tissues. NUPR1 knockdown restrained the proliferation, migration and invasion of ZR-75-30 cells. Moreover, NUPR1 knockdown restrained malignancy formation and metastasis in vivo. Mechanically, NUPR1 promoted autophagy through activation of TFE3 transcription, thereby regulating the process of breast cancer metastasis.Conclusion: This paper elucidates the molecular mechanism of NUPR1 promoting breast cancer metastasis by activating autophagy through TFE3 signaling pathway, which provided biological basis for intervention of blocking distant metastasis.

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (12) ◽  
Ziqian Yan ◽  
Zhimei Sheng ◽  
Yuanhang Zheng ◽  
Ruijun Feng ◽  
Qinpei Xiao ◽  

AbstractStudies have shown that cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) play an irreplaceable role in the occurrence and development of tumors. Therefore, exploring the action and mechanism of CAFs on tumor cells is particularly important. In this study, we compared the effects of CAFs-derived exosomes and normal fibroblasts (NFs)-derived exosomes on breast cancer cells migration and invasion. The results showed that exosomes from both CAFs and NFs could enter into breast cancer cells and CAFs-derived exosomes had a more enhancing effect on breast cancer cells migration and invasion than NFs-derived exosomes. Furthermore, microRNA (miR)-18b was upregulated in CAFs-derived exosomes, and CAFs-derived exosomes miR-18b can promote breast cancer cell migration and metastasis by specifically binding to the 3′UTR of Transcription Elongation Factor A Like 7 (TCEAL7). The miR-18b-TCEAL7 pathway promotes nuclear Snail ectopic activation by activating nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB), thereby inducing epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and promoting cell invasion and metastasis. Moreover, CAFs-derived exosomes miR-18b could promote mouse xenograft model tumor metastasis. Overall, our findings suggest that CAFs-derived exosomes miR-18b promote nuclear Snail ectopic by targeting TCEAL7 to activate the NF-κB pathway, thereby inducing EMT, invasion, and metastasis of breast cancer. Targeting CAFs-derived exosome miR-18b may be a potential treatment option to overcome breast cancer progression.

BMC Cancer ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (1) ◽  
Xin Xu ◽  
Shoulian Wang ◽  
Haibo Wang ◽  
Chunpeng Pan ◽  
Wenyan Yang ◽  

Abstract Background The role of circular RNAs (circRNAs) in the occurrence and development of gastric cancer (GC) has recently attracted increasing interest. The following study investigates the role of a newly discovered hsa_circ_0008434, which has been confirmed to be highly expressed in GC tissues, in regulating GC biological behaviour. Methods High-throughput RNA sequencing was used to identify differentially expressed genes between normal gastric tissues and GC tissues; actinomycin D and RNase R assays were used to determine the stability and loop structure of hsa_circ_0008434; and the miRanda database was used to predict the target genes of hsa_circ_0008434. The role of hsa_circ_0008434 in cell proliferation, migration, and invasion was examined using CCK-8, wound healing, Transwell and colony formation assays. The regulatory relationships among hsa_circ_0008434, microRNA-6838 (miR-6838), and ubiquitin-specific peptidase 9X (USP9X) were determined by dual-luciferase activity assays. The expression of hsa_circ_0008434 and miR-6838 was measured by qPCR; the expression of USP9X was detected by immunohistochemistry and Western blotting. The effects of hsa_circ_0008434 on in vivo tumour growth were assessed in xenograft models. Results We found that hsa_circ_0008434 was one of the most upregulated circRNAs in GC tissue versus normal tissue. Further in vitro testing indicated that by acting as a miRNA sponge for miR-6838-5p, hsa_circ_0008434 promotes the expression of USP9X and further increases the proliferation, migration, and invasion of GC cells. In addition, animal studies indicated that hsa_circ_0008434 could promote tumour growth in vivo. Conclusions Hsa_circ_0008434 may promote GC proliferation, invasion and migration by regulating the expression of miR-6838 and USP9X.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 ◽  
Yue-chu Dai ◽  
Yin Pan ◽  
Ming-ming Quan ◽  
Qi Chen ◽  
Yue Pan ◽  

MicroRNA (miR)-1246 is abnormally expressed and has pro-oncogenic functions in multiple types of cancer. In the present study, its functions in breast cancer and the underlying mechanisms were further elucidated. The clinical relevance of miR-1246 was analyzed and its expression in clinical specimens and cell lines was examined by reverse transcription-quantitat000000ive PCR analysis. FACS was used to detect cell apoptosis and mitochondrial transmembrane potential. A Transwell system was used to detect cell migration and invasion. Luciferase assay was used to confirm the target gene of miR-1246. Xenograft and metastasis mouse models were constructed to determine the function of miR-1246 in vivo. miR-1246 was found to be negatively associated with overall survival in breast cancer. miR-1246 inhibitor could effectively increase the cytotoxicity of docetaxel (Doc) by inducing apoptosis, and impair cell migration and invasion by suppressing epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition. Nuclear factor (erythroid 2)-like factor 3 (NFE2L3) was confirmed as a new target gene of miR-1246, and its overexpression was shown to reduce drug resistance and migration of MDA-MB-231 cells. More importantly, NFE2L3-silencing attenuated the effect of miR-1246 inhibitor. Finally, the inhibition of miR-1246 effectively enhanced the cytotoxicity of Doc in xenografts and impaired breast cancer metastasis. Therefore, miR-1246 may promote drug resistance and metastasis in breast cancer by targeting NFE2L3.

2021 ◽  
Cheng Zhang ◽  
Chun-Dong Zhang ◽  
Jun-Peng Pei ◽  
Yong-Zhi Li ◽  
Maimaititusun Yusupu ◽  

Abstract Background LncRNAs are known to play a crucial role in the initiation and progression of human diseases, especially cancers. Our previous study demonstrated that dysregulation of LINC02532 facilitated the malignant phenotype of gastric cancer (GC). However, the potential molecular mechanisms regarding the upstream and downstream regulation of LINC02532 in GC progression remain unclear. Methods RNA-Seq and clinical data from public databases were used for gene expression and clinical analyses. The subcellular location of LINC02532 was predicted by the bioinformatics tools and further validated by the RNA-Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) assay. The effect of FOXF2/LINC02532/SOX7 axis in GC cell migration and invasion was evaluated using in vitro and in vivo assays. The transcriptional regulation role of FOXF2 and the mRNA stability of SOX7 were explored by dual-luciferase reporter assay and Actinomycin-D drug assay. Results We found that high LINC02532 expression was associated with poor prognosis of GC. Furthermore, a Cox regression model indicated that LINC02532 was an independent prognostic factor for GC patients. Using in vitro and in vivo assays, we found that LINC02532 promoted GC cell migration and invasion, as well as tumour growth and metastasis in nude mice. Mechanistically, LINC02532 decreased SOX7 mRNA stability by binding to its 3’UTR, resulting in reduced SOX7 expression. In addition, FOXF2 was identified as a transcriptional factor of LINC02532 and was shown to repress LINC02532 expression by negative transcriptional regulation. Conclusions Together, these findings show that LINC02532 promotes GC progression through epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT). Cross-talk between the FOXF2/LINC02532/SOX7 axis may provide a novel target for the treatment and prognostic prediction of GC.

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