caspase recruitment domain
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Author(s):  
Mina Kelleni

We have previously suggested numerous immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory benefits when NSAIDs are administered to manage COVID-19 and in this commentary, we add other potential benefits related to SARS CoV-2 ORF proteins dependent activation of caspases with subsequent mitochondrial dysfunction, endoplasmic reticulum stress and necroptosis that were described with complicated COVID-19 as NSAIDs are known to be caspase inhibitors. Moreover, NSAIDs might independently inhibit other COVID-19 associated downstream pathological signaling mechanisms. We also postulate that CARD-14, a caspase recruitment domain-containing protein, polymorphisms might play a role in development of severe and critical COVID-19. We believe that it is very unfortunate that for more than one year of relentless struggle, our recommendation to adopt NSAIDs as first choice COVID-19 therapy has not adopted while lives are lost are succumbed every day.


Author(s):  
Mina Kelleni

We have previously suggested numerous immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory benefits when NSAIDs are administered to manage COVID-19 and in this commentary, we add other potential benefits related to SARS CoV-2 ORF proteins dependent activation of caspases with subsequent mitochondrial dysfunction, endoplasmic reticulum stress and necroptosis that were described with complicated COVID-19 as NSAIDs are known to be caspase inhibitors. Moreover, NSAIDs might independently inhibit other COVID-19 associated downstream pathological signaling mechanisms. We also postulate that CARD-14, a caspase recruitment domain-containing protein, polymorphisms might play a role in development of severe and critical COVID-19. We believe that it is very unfortunate that for more than one year of relentless struggle, our recommendation to adopt NSAIDs as first choice COVID-19 therapy has not adopted while lives are lost are succumbed every day.


Author(s):  
Mina Kelleni

We have previously suggested numerous immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory benefits when NSAIDs are administered to manage COVID-19 and in this commentary, we add other potential benefits related to SARS CoV-2 ORF proteins dependent activation of caspases with subsequent mitochondrial dysfunction, endoplasmic reticulum stress and necroptosis that were described with complicated COVID-19 as NSAIDs are known to be caspase inhibitors. Moreover, NSAIDs might independently inhibit other COVID-19 associated downstream pathological signaling mechanisms. We also postulate that CARD-14, a caspase recruitment domain-containing protein, polymorphisms might play a role in development of severe and critical COVID-19. We believe that it is very unfortunate that for more than one year of relentless struggle, our recommendation to adopt NSAIDs as first choice COVID-19 therapy has not adopted while lives are lost are succumbed every day.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Mina Kelleni

In this manuscript we further build on our previous suggested potential beneficial effects of using NSAIDs as first choice drugs in COVID-19 management while discussing the role that SARS CoV-2 ORF proteins induced caspases play in the pathophysiology of SARS CoV-2 infection. Moreover, we postulate that CARD 14, a caspase recruitment domain-containing protein of the membrane-associated guanylate kinases family, mutations might share a role in development of severe and critical COVID-19.


2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Longwei Hu ◽  
Yang Wang ◽  
Hongya Pan ◽  
Kathreena Kadir ◽  
Jin Wen ◽  
...  

Abstract Objectives This study aims to investigate whether apoptosis repressor with caspase recruitment domain (ARC) could promote survival and enhance osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs). Materials and methods The lentivirus transfection method was used to establish ARC-overexpressing BMSCs. The CCK-8 method was used to detect cell proliferation. The BD Pharmingen™ APC Annexin V Apoptosis Detection kit was used to detect cell apoptosis. The osteogenic capacity was investigated by OCN immunofluorescence staining, ALP analysis, ARS assays, and RT-PCR analysis. Cells were seeded into calcium phosphate cement (CPC) scaffolds and then inserted subcutaneously into nude mice and the defect area of the rat calvarium. Histological analysis was conducted to evaluate the in vivo cell apoptosis and new bone formation of the ARC-overexpressing BMSCs. RNA-seq was used to detect the possible mechanism of the effect of ARC on BMSCs. Results ARC promoted BMSC proliferation and inhibited cell apoptosis. ARC enhanced BMSC osteogenic differentiation in vitro. An in vivo study revealed that ARC can inhibit BMSC apoptosis and increase new bone formation. ARC regulates BMSCs mainly by activating the Fgf-2/PI3K/Akt pathway. Conclusions The present study suggests that ARC is a powerful agent for promoting bone regeneration of BMSCs and provides a promising method for bone tissue engineering.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Longwei Hu ◽  
Yang Wang ◽  
Hongya Pan ◽  
Kathreena Kadir ◽  
Jin Wen ◽  
...  

Abstract Objectives: This study aims to investigate whether Apoptosis repressor with caspase recruitment domain (ARC) could promote survival and enhance osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow -derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs). Materials and methods: The lentivirus transfection method was used to establish ARC -overexpressing BMSCs. The CCK-8 method was used to detect cell proliferation. The BD Pharmingen™ APC Annexin V Apoptosis Detection kit was used to detect cell apoptosis. The osteogenic capacity was investigated by OCN immunofluorescence staining, ALP analysis, ARS assays and RT-PCR analysis. Cells were seeded into calcium phosphate cement (CPC) scaffolds and then inserted subcutaneously into nude mice and the defect area of the rat calvarium. Histological analysis was conducted to evaluate the in vivo cell apoptosis and new bone formation of the ARC -overexpressing BMSCs. RNA-seq was used to detect the possible mechanism of the effect of ARC on BMSCs. Results: ARC promoted BMSC proliferation and inhibited cell apoptosis. ARC enhanced BMSC osteogenic differentiation in vitro. An in vivo study revealed that ARC can inhibit BMSC apoptosis and increase new bone formation. ARC regulates BMSCs mainly by activating the Fgf-2/PI3K/Akt pathway. Conclusions: The present study suggests that A RC is a powerful agent for promoting bone regeneration of BMSCs and provides a promising method for bone tissue engineering.


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