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Solar Energy ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 228 ◽  
pp. 495-515
Rosa Francesca De Masi ◽  
Valentino Festa ◽  
Silvia Ruggiero ◽  
Giuseppe Peter Vanoli

2021 ◽  
Vol 74 ◽  
pp. 102061
Muhammad Afzal ◽  
Abbas AH. Al-Makkie ◽  
Ehsan AS. Sulais ◽  
Zehra SF. Alshuwaikhat

2021 ◽  
Vol 124 ◽  
pp. 108331
Ernesto González Stivala ◽  
Mercedes Sarudiansky ◽  
Camila Wolfzun ◽  
Brenda Giagante ◽  
Silvia Oddo ◽  

Georg Osterhoff ◽  
Garnik Asatryan ◽  
Ulrich J. A. Spiegl ◽  
Christian Pfeifle ◽  
Jan-Sven Jarvers ◽  

AbstractTo assess the potential influence of multifidus atrophy and fatty degeneration on the incidence of adjacent vertebral compression fractures within one year after the index fracture. In a retrospective cohort study, patients who underwent surgery for an OVCF were identified and baseline characteristics, fracture patterns and the occurrence of secondary adjacent fractures within one year were obtained by chart review. Multifidus muscle atrophy and fatty degeneration were determined on preoperative MRI or CT scans. In this analysis of 191 patients (mean age 77 years, SD 8, 116 female), OF type 3 was the most common type of OVCF (49.2%). Symptomatic adjacent OVCFs within one year after index fracture were observed in 23/191 patients (12%) at mean 12, SD 12 weeks (range 1–42 weeks) postoperatively. The mean multifidus muscle area was 264, SD 53 mm2 in patients with an adjacent vertebral fracture and 271, SD 92 mm2 in patients without a secondary fracture (p = 0.755). Mean multifidus fatty infiltration was graded Goutallier 2.2, SD 0.6 in patients with an adjacent fracture and Goutallier 2.2, SD 0.7 in patients without an adjacent fracture (p = 0.694). Pre-existing medication with corticosteroids was associated with the occurrence of an adjacent fracture (p = 0.006). Multifidus area and multifidus fatty infiltration had no significant effect on the occurrence of adjacent vertebral fractures within one year after the index fracture. Patients with a pre-existing medication with corticosteroids were more likely to sustain an adjacent fracture.

D. A. Sevostyanov ◽  
T. Yu. Kaloshina ◽  
A. R. Gainanova

The article presents a study of the goal setting by modern students. The authors analyze the role of goal setting in educational and future professional activities. The authors consider goal setting in the structure of valueoriented activity. They reveal the correlation of prosocial and egoistic values of students. The article provides a brief overview of modern approaches to goal setting. The authors consider various aspects of goal setting related to future professional activities, family life planning and the formation of material prosperity. The practical part of the study includes an analysis of goal setting based on a survey of 479 respondents (172 male, 307 female). The respondents were senior students of Novosibirsk universities. The researchers asked the respondents to formulate their life goals for one year, for five years, and for life. The results of this study are diverse. On the one hand, it reveals disturbing trends (a low level of prosocial motives expressed in the goal setting by students, as well as a small percentage of students who associate their future with research activities). Consumer motivation is expressed in student’s goal setting much more strongly than prosocial motivation. On the other hand, the results of the study allow us to speak about the preservation of the importance of family values in the views of modern students. There is a desire to acquire housing in the property, which indicates a tendency to settle down. This contradicts the ideas about the prospect of increasing the mobility of labor resources in Russia. It is also significant that only less than a third of young men and less than a third of girls expressed their intention to start their own business, which indirectly indicates the relatively modest prospects for the development of small and medium-sized businesses in Russia. Finally, the study showed a low level of emigrant sentiment among the surveyed students. The authors consider it expedient to organize such studies everywhere on an ongoing basis.

Humam Santosa Utomo ◽  

This study aims to examine and analyze the effect of functional values and emotional values on satisfaction and their implications for the intention to repurchase halal herbal products. This study involved 200 consumers of halal herbal products in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Respondents were selected by purposive sampling with the criteria of having consumed halal herbal products for at least the last one year. The analytical tool used is WarpPLS to test the effect between variables. The results showed that functional values had a significant effect on satisfaction, emotional values had a significant effect on satisfaction, functional values had a significant effect on intention to repurchase, emotional values had a significant effect on intention to repurchase, functional values had a significant effect on intention to repurchase, and satisfaction had a significant effect on intention to repurchase.

Epidemiologia ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 2 (4) ◽  
pp. 502-518
Vera de Camargo-Neves ◽  
Eliana Calemes ◽  
Lilian Rodas ◽  
Fredy Galvis-Ovallos ◽  
Luis Silva

The effect of employing collars impregnated with deltamethrin 4% (DM4) to control canine visceral leishmaniasis (CVL) was evaluated. as were the individual factors associated with this infection. A cohort study that included household dogs was conducted between 2002 and 2006. The presence of pathognomonic signals, peridomiciliary sleep habits and breed were the main factors associated with the infection. The use of DM4 collars contributed to the reduction of CVL with an effectiveness of 66%, and the dogs’ survival rate was greater than 90% at 50 months. In conclusion, the adoption of DM4 collars reduced the number of euthanized canines and in the incidence of CVL, and this reduction was sustained for one year after discontinuing the use of the collar.

2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (20) ◽  
pp. 4708
Silvia Calabria ◽  
Giulia Ronconi ◽  
Letizia Dondi ◽  
Carlo Piccinni ◽  
Enrico Cinconze ◽  

Background: This study describes patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) who are eligible for secondary prevention and assesses their healthcare consumption and costs from the perspective of the Italian National Health Service (INHS). Methods: From the Fondazione Ricerca e Salute’s database, which collects Italian healthcare administrative data, all patients aged ≥ 35, with ≥1 primary in-hospital CAD diagnosis and/or procedure on the coronary arteries, or with the specific disease exemption code, and who are suitable for long-term secondary prevention treatments, were identified in 2018 and analyzed. Demographics, comorbidities, one-year supplied drugs, hospitalizations, and costs were analyzed. Results: From >3 million inhabitants aged ≥ 35, 46,063 (1.3%) were identified (72.1% males, mean age 70 ± 12; approximately 50% with ≥3 comorbidities). During a one-year follow-up, 96.4% were treated with ≥1 drug for secondary prevention (mainly antiplatelets and lipid lowering agents), 69.4% with ≥1 concomitant cardiovascular drug, and 95.8% with ≥1 concomitant non-cardiovascular therapy. Within one year, 30.6% of patients were hospitalized at least once, mostly due to non-cardiovascular events. Calculated by mean, the INHS paid EUR 6078 per patient. Conclusions: This analysis confirms the relevant burden of CAD for patients with many comorbidities and who are frequently hospitalized, and the burden on the INHS. A multidisciplinary healthcare approach is encouraged to improve patients’ outcomes and reduce costs for the INHS.

Alejandro Travieso ◽  
Carlos E. Vergara-Uzcategui ◽  
Iván J. Núñez-Gil ◽  
Antonio Fernández-Ortiz, and ◽  
Pablo Salinas

Antioxidants ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (10) ◽  
pp. 1596
María Fernández de la Puente ◽  
Pablo Hernández-Alonso ◽  
Silvia Canudas ◽  
Amelia Marti ◽  
Montserrat Fitó ◽  

Telomere length (TL) has been associated with aging and is determined by lifestyle. However, the mechanisms by which a dietary pattern such as the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) affects TL homeostasis are still unknown. Our aim was to analyse the effect of an energy-restricted MedDiet with physical activity promotion (intervention group) versus an unrestricted-caloric MedDiet with no weight-loss advice (control group) on TL and 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) plasma levels. In total, 80 non-diabetic participants with metabolic syndrome were randomly selected from the PREDIMED (PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea)-Plus-Reus study. TL was measured by a hybridisation method and 8-OHdG levels by ELISA at baseline and after one year of intervention. Linear mixed models (LMM)—raw and after adjusting for potential confounders—were used to examine the associations between TL or 8-OHdG plasma levels by intervention group and/or time. A total of 69 subjects with available DNA samples were included in the analyses. A significant β-coefficient was found for time towards increasing values through the year of follow-up for TL (unadjusted β of 0.740 (95% CI: 0.529 to 0.951), and multivariable model β of 0.700 (95% CI: 0.477 to 0.922)). No significant βs were found, neither for the intervention group nor for the interaction between the intervention group and time. Regarding 8-OHdG plasma levels, no significant βs were found for the intervention group, time, and its interaction. Our results suggest that MedDiet could have an important role in preventing telomere shortening, but calorie restriction and exercise promotion did not provide an additional advantage concerning telomere length after one year of MedDiet intervention.

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