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2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (4) ◽  
pp. 665-672
Author(s):  
Xiaojing Qin ◽  
Bowen Ding ◽  
Xueyan Zhang ◽  
Lan Wang ◽  
Qing Zhang ◽  
...  

Objective: To discuss In Vitro and In Vivo the effects of curcumin on colon cancer. Material and Methods: SW620 cell and nude mice with tumor were respectively divided into 3 groups: NC, low, middle, high and 5-Fu groups. Measuring the cell activity by MTT, the cell cycle and cell apoptosis using flow cytometry and relative proteins by WB assay in cell experiment. Evaluating tumor volume and weight, cell apoptosis rate by TUNEL assay and relative proteins by Immunohistochemistry (IHC). Results: Compared with NC group, the SW620 cell activity was significantly depressed with cell apoptosis and G1 phase rates increasing and PI3K, AKT and P53 proteins expression were significantly differences in curcumin treated groups with dose-dependent by WB assay; In Vivo study, the tumor volume and size were significantly suppressed and positive cell number were significantly up-regulation in curcumin treated groups with dose-dependent, and PI3K, AKT and P53 proteins expression were significantly differences in curcumin treated groups with dose-dependent by IHC. Conclusions: Curcumin had anti-tumor effects to colon cancer via regulation PI3K/AKT/P53 pathway In Vivo and vitro study.


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (4) ◽  
pp. 873-877
Author(s):  
Dongqian Xie ◽  
Zhicheng Gao ◽  
Mei Liu ◽  
Defeng Wang

Metformin is shown to have hypoglycemic effects. However, the relationship between metformin’s intervention in FFA-induced endoplasmic reticulum stress-mediated insulin resistance (IR) and insulin β-cell apoptosis under high-glucose condition remains unclear. Our study intends to assess their relationship. Human pancreatic β-cells were treated with metformin and cell proliferation and IR were detected by MTT assay along with detection of Wnt/β-catenin signaling by RT-PCR, cell cycle and apoptosis by flow cytometry. Metformin inhibited β cell proliferation which was mediated by FFA-induced endoplasmic reticulum stress in a time-dependent and dose-dependent manner as well as induced cell cycle arrest at G2/M phase. In addition, metformin inhibited β-catenin signaling activation and decreased the expression of c-myc, Dvl-2, survivin, Dvl-3, GSK-3β (p-ser9) and promoted GSK-3 (p-tyr216) and Axin-2 expression. In conclusion, metformin inhibits Wnt/β-catenin signaling and promotes FFA to induce endoplasmic reticulum stress, thereby mediating pancreatic β-cells behaviors.


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (3) ◽  
pp. 461-470
Author(s):  
Gang Quan ◽  
Bo Ren ◽  
Jian Xu ◽  
Jie Zhou ◽  
Guo Wu ◽  
...  

<sec> <title>Objective:</title> This study was designed to probe the influence and mechanism of lncRNA HOTAIR on migration, apoptosis and proliferation of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. </sec> <sec> <title>Methods:</title> We evaluated LncRNA HOTAIR expression in HCC tissues and adjacent tissues, and serum of HCC patients and healthy controls. Later, we knocked down lncRNA HOTAIR, and utilized CCK-8 to determine Hep3B cell proliferation, flow cytometry for prospecting Hep3B cell apoptosis, and cell scratch assay for observing Hep3B cell migration.We anticipated the direct target of lncRNA HOTAIR, and adopted luciferase reporter assay to verify. Moreover, we inhibitedmiR-126-5p expression, and rescue experiment for evaluating the influence of si-HOTAIR+miR-126-5p inhibitors on Hep3B cell migration, apoptosis as well as proliferation. </sec> <sec> <title>Results:</title> Our results showed that lncRNA HOTAIR expression in tumor tissues and serum was significantly increased. Moreover, lncRNA HOTAIR inhibition significantly decreased the Hep3B cell proliferation rate, elevated Hep3B cell apoptosis rate, and inhibited Hep3B cell migration. Luciferase reporter assay suggested that miR-126-5p was the direct target of lncRNA HOTAIR. Furthermore, co-transfection of si-HOTAIR+miR-126-5p inhibitor could diminishthe effects of HOTAIR silencing on apoptosis, proliferation and migration. </sec> <sec> <title>Conclusion:</title> Silencing of lncRNA-HOTAIR can inhibit the HCC cell migration and proliferation, and increase the apoptosis by up-regulating miR-126-5p expression. </sec>


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (4) ◽  
pp. 867-872
Author(s):  
Qunwei You ◽  
Wenjie Wang ◽  
Taotao Tao ◽  
Tianyu Wang ◽  
Danhong Zhang ◽  
...  

This study intends to explore miR-129’s effect on cell viability of Alzheimer’s disease by regulating the target gene APP. The hippocampal neurons were assigned into model group (MO group); mimetic group (SI group); inhibitor group (IN group) followed by analysis of hippocampal neuronal cell proliferation and activity, APP protein content, miR-129 expression and cell apoptosis by CCK-8 assay, Western blot method, MTT assay, qRT-PCR and flow cytometry. miR-129 expression of hippocampal neurons in IN group was lowest. Compared with IN and MO groups, SI group had significantly increased miR-129 level and reduced number of hippocampal neuron apoptosis (P < 0.05). Compared with IN group, MO group had significantly reduced cell apoptosis (P < 0.05). SI group had highest number of hippocampal neurons proliferation followed by IN group. SI group had highest OD value followed by MO group and IN group. The cell activity of SI group was higher than that of IN group and MO group (both P < 0.05). Compared with SI group, rat neuron activity in MO group was significantly higher than IN group (P < 0.05). The APP protein expression of hippocampal neuron cells in SI group was lowest followed by MO group and IN group (P < 0.05). In conclusion, the low miR-129 expression can inhibit the activity of hippocampal neurons possibly through up-regulation of APP protein content.


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (4) ◽  
pp. 681-689
Author(s):  
Zhou Hongyi ◽  
Yan Zhiqiang ◽  
Zhu Leilei ◽  
Li Maolin ◽  
Shao Jianfeng ◽  
...  

Objection: Our research wanted to discuss miR-29b-3p in PCa occurrence and development and relative mechanisms. Methods: Collecting adjacent and cancer tissues from prostate cancer patients and measuring miR-29b-3p expressions by RT-qPCR and ISH assay. Using DU145 and PC3 cell lines which the miR-29b-3p were high expression in our study. Using miR inhibitor to knockdown miR-29b-3p in DU145 and PC3. Using CCK-8 and flow cytometry to measure cell proliferation and cell apoptosis, invasion cell number by transwell and wound healing rate by wound healing assay. The relative proteins expressions were measured using WB assay. p-AKT nuclear levels were evaluated using Cell immunofluorescence test. Using dual-luciferase reporter gene assay to analysis correlation miR-29b-3p and PTEN. Results: miR-29b-3p gene significantly increased. miR-29b-3p knockdown had effects to depress cell proliferation, increase cell apoptosis, depress invasion cells number and wound healing rates. PTEN proteins were significantly up-regulation and p-AKT and MMP-9 proteins expressions were significantly down-regulation (P < 0.001, respectively). And p-AKT nuclear volume were significantly depressed. And miR-29b-3p could target PTEN. Conclusion: miR-29b-3p played an oncology gene in prostate cancer via regulation PTEN/AKT pathway in vitro study.


2022 ◽  
Vol 231 ◽  
pp. 113170
Author(s):  
Hui Shan ◽  
Xiaohong Li ◽  
Chuan Ouyang ◽  
Hongyang Ke ◽  
Xiaoli Yu ◽  
...  

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 335-345
Author(s):  
Xiaoyan Zhang ◽  
Wei Zhu ◽  
Junjie Lu

MicroRNAs (miRNAs/miRs) have been identified to serve a key role in the development of tumors. However, the role of miR-133b in colorectal cancer (CRC) remains largely unclear. This study will investigate the role and mechanism of miR-133b in CRC. Reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis was performed to detect the level of miR-133b in CRC cell lines. Bioinformatics software TargetScan predicted the potential target genes of miR-133b, and a dual luciferase reporter assay was used to confirm this. To investigate the role of miR-133b in CRC cells, miR-133b was upregulated or downregulated in CRC cell lines (SW620 and HT-29) by transfecting with a miR-133b mimic or inhibitor, respectively. Subsequently, cell viability was analyzed using MTT assay, whereas cell apoptosis and the cell cycle distribution were analyzed by flow cytometry. In addition, the associated protein levels were detected using western blot analysis. The results demonstrated that miR-133b was significantly downregulated in CRC cell lines when compared with the normal colonic epithelial NCM-460 cell line. Human antigen R (HuR; also termed ELAVL1) was demonstrated to be a direct target of miR-133b and was negatively regulated by miR-133b. HuR was also notably upregulated in the CRC cell lines when compared with the normal control. Transfection of SW620 and HT-29 cells with the miR-133b mimic significantly inhibited cell viability, and induced cell apoptosis and G1 phase arrest, while upregulation of HuR demonstrated the opposite effects. Furthermore, the present data demonstrated that the miR-133b mimic significantly enhanced the protein levels of p21 and p27, and downregulated cyclin D1 and cyclin A levels in SW620 and HT-29 cells; the opposite effects were observed following treatment with the miR-133b inhibitor. In conclusion, the data indicate that miR-133b suppressed CRC cell growth by targeting HuR.


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