Staged Surgery
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2021 ◽  
Vol 73 (1) ◽  
Zahra Jabbary ◽  
Mehrnoush Toufan

Abstract Background Aortic coarctation (CoAo) accounts for 6 to 8% of all congenital heart diseases and occurs two to five times more often in males. The uncorrected aortic coarctation is complicated by hypertension, ascending and descending aortic aneurysms, endarteritis, and heart failure. The aortic pseudo-aneurysm (APD) usually occurs in patients with endarteritis. We report an adult man with bicuspid aortic valve, perimembranous ventricular septal defect, and uncorrected aortic coarctation complicated by descending aortic pseudo-aneurysm without aortic endarteritis. Case presentation A 40-year-old man was referred to our division for hemoptysis and severe aortic coarctation. Echocardiography confirmed the aortic coarctation diagnosis and showed a large aortic pseudo-aneurysm at the coarctation site with intra-cavity mural thrombus. Subsequently, the patient underwent contrast-enhanced computed tomography angiography, and diagnosis of coarctation and APD was confirmed. Due to various malformations and considering that the patient had become unstable due to hemoptysis, it was discussed in the heart team, and it was decided that the patient would undergo staged surgery. Conclusions The aortic pseudo-aneurysm is a rare complication in patients with untreated coarctation that requires prompt surgery, and this complication should be considered in patients with untreated aortic coarctation who present with hemoptysis.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-4
Daniele Sforza ◽  
Leandro Siragusa ◽  
Matteo Ciancio Manuelli ◽  
Linda De Luca ◽  
Bruno Sensi ◽  

Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis (XGPN) is a rare disorder affecting the kidney which can fistulise to the colon in exceptional cases. We herein report a case of XGPN with renocolic fistula and large vessel thrombosis presenting with sepsis and pulmonary embolism. Preoperative diagnosis and strategic planning resulted in successful management. A 64-year-old woman presented to the emergency department with abdominal pain and a septic condition, corroborated by venous thromboembolism. Workup diagnosed a left renal abscess with calicocolic fistula. Scintigraphy confirmed a nonfunctioning left kidney. The patient underwent inferior vena cava filter placement and staged surgery. The first, damage control procedure was a loop ileostomy. Ten days later, when the patient’s conditions improved, she underwent left nephrectomy and left colectomy with primary anastomosis. Finally, a year later, the ileostomy was closed. At follow-up, the patient was well, with unremarkable renal function. Scrupulous diagnostics, multidisciplinary decision making, and staged intervention have been key to optimal outcome.

2021 ◽  
Vol 16 (1) ◽  
Jianying Deng ◽  
Wei Liu

Abstract Introduction Total thoracic–abdominal aortic aneurysm is a rare disease in cardiovascular surgery, with high surgical risk and high mortality. Surgery is considered the most effective treatment for total aortic aneurysms. Case presentation Our group admitted a 60-year-old female patients with asymptomatic complex total thoracic–abdominal aortic aneurysm, and successfully performed two-staged surgery, namely Bentall + Sun’s operation in the first-stage and thoracoabdominal aortic replacement in the second-stage. The results of the surgery were satisfactory. Conclusions Patients with total thoracic–abdominal aortic aneurysm may not have typical clinical symptoms and require a careful and comprehensive physical examination and related auxiliary examinations by clinicians. Staged repair of total thoracic–abdominal aortic aneurysms is still a safe and effective treatment.

A. B. Ismoilova ◽  
N. M.U. Sultanbaeva ◽  
A. A. Abdurakhmanov ◽  
Sh. Z. Umarova ◽  
D. Kh. Dzhalalova ◽  

Objective: comparative systematic analysis of clinical trials of staged and simultaneous approaches in the surgical treatment of combined carotid and coronary stenosis based on the literature search.Material and methods. A systematic literature search was performed in PubMed/MEDLINE, Google Scholar and Scopus using predefined acceptance criteria. To compare data of simultaneous and staged surgery cumulative indicators of heart attack, stroke and mortality, expressed as percentages and absolute numbers, were analyzed; the Mantel–Hensel formula and the χ2 method were used to assess the relative risk of major adverse cardio-cerebral events development and mortality.Results. The analysis included 7 studies containing one intervention (4 simultaneous and 3 stage methods). The risk of developing myocardial infarction was RR 0.13 (95% CI 0.02–0.67) for simultaneous tactics, and RR 7.79 (95% CI 1.5–40.43) for staged tactics (p˂0.005). The risk of stroke developing was RR 1.29 (95% CI 0.56–2.99) for a simultaneous approach, and RR 0.78 (95% CI 0.33–1.8) for stage approach (p˃0.05). The risk of mortality was RR 0.77 (95% CI 0.31–1.88) for simultaneous procedures, and RR 1.3 (95% CI 0.53–3.18) for staged procedures (p˃0.05).Conclusion. Staged tactics for combined carotid and coronary stenosis may be accompanied by a significantly higher risk of myocardial infarction. There was no statistically significant difference between the groups in terms of the risk of stroke and mortality, but there was a trend towards a higher risk of stroke in the simultaneous group and a higher risk of death from all causes in the staged group.

2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (7) ◽  
pp. e243639
Ryle Siegfrid O Li ◽  
Sittie Aneza Camille A Maglangit ◽  
Jemimah T Cartagena-Lim ◽  
Rodney B Dofitas

We document a case of a 24-year-old gravida 2, para 1 (1001), on her second trimester, who was referred to the surgical oncology service for a palpable right hemiabdominal mass. She previously underwent wide excision of a retroperitoneal atypical lipomatous tumour 2 years ago. Her current case was successfully managed by a multidisciplinary team of doctors from the preoperative phase, the actual surgery up to the adjuvant treatment. She had a two-staged surgery: an elective lower-segment caesarean section at 34 weeks age of gestation for which she delivered a healthy baby girl and, 2 weeks after, she had excision of the huge retroperitoneal tumour recurrence. Histopathology revealed a 35 cm×25 cm×22 cm dedifferentiated liposarcoma, for which she was started on adjuvant systemic chemotherapy.

Yu-An Chen ◽  
Yueh Li ◽  
Jen-chieh Lee ◽  

Intimal sarcomas simultaneously involving the right atrium and the inferior vena cava are rare. We report an advanced cardiac intimal sarcoma in the right atrium of a 19-year-old man that was complicated by tumor-related inferior vena cava thrombosis. We initially performed partial tumor resection and vena cava thrombectomy to resolve the circulatory obstruction, because complete resection was difficult due to the invading malignancy and an unclear margin. The patient received adjuvant chemo- and radiotherapy along with anticoagulant therapy. After 3 months, the border of the residual sarcoma was clear, and the patient underwent a secondary complete sarcoma excision (including that of the right atrium) and a suprahepatic vena cava reconstruction. At the 2-year follow-up, there was no tumor recurrence. We conclude that aggressive treatment and a staged complete resection can lead to improved outcomes for advanced cardiac intimal sarcoma with poor prognosis.

2021 ◽  
Vol 5 (1) ◽  
pp. 65-70
A. O. Krasnov ◽  
V. V. Anischenko ◽  
K. A. Krasnov ◽  
V. A. Pelts ◽  

Background. An increase in the incidence of hepatic echinococcosis is noted annually, surgery remaining its main treatment option. Objective. To analyze the treatment structure and evaluate the treatment outcomes of the patients operated for hepatic echinococcosis in the Surgical department №2 of SAHI "KCEH named after M.A. Podgorbunsky" over the period of 2016 - 2020. Material and methods. The analyzed group included treatment outcomes of 58 patients (22 men (38%), 36 women (62%)), who underwent 76 surgical interventions for liver echinococcosis in the Surgical department №2 on the basis of SAHI "KCEH named after M.A. Podgorbunsky". The difference between the number of operations performed and that of actual patients is explained by the use of staged surgery in a number of cases. Results. The majority of the 76 operations performed over the period of 2016 - 2020 were open resections - 50 (65.8%) cases. Of these, extensive anatomic segmental hepatic resections were performed in 22 cases (44%). In 14 (24%) of all patients staged surgery was used, making it possible to exclude a number of patients from the category of "non-resectable" and to perform surgery with good outcomes. A fatal outcome was noted in one case. Conclusions. The use of various surgical techniques including staged minimally invasive and laparoscopic ones in a specialized surgical department allows achieving good treatment outcomes.

2021 ◽  
Vol 19 (1) ◽  
Yongyong Wu ◽  
Zhongliang He ◽  
Weihua Xu ◽  
Guoxing Chen ◽  
Zhijun Liu ◽  

Abstract Background Bronchopleural fistula (BPF) refers to an abnormal channel between the pleural space and the bronchial tree. It is a potentially fatal postoperative complication after pulmonary resection and a complex challenge for thoracic surgeons because many patients with BPF ultimately develop refractory empyema, which is difficult to manage and has a major impact on quality of life and survival. Therefore, an operative intervention combined with conservative and endoscopic therapies may be required to control infection completely, to occlude BPF, and to obliterate the empyema cavity during treatment periods. Case presentation Two patients who suffered from BPF complicated with chronic empyema after lobectomy were treated in other hospitals for a long time and did not recover. In our department, we performed staged surgery and creatively combined an Amplatzer Septal Occluder (ASO) device (AGA Medical Corp, Golden Valley, MN, USA) with pedicled muscle flap transposition. First, open-window thoracostomy (OWT), or effective drainage, was performed according to the degree of contamination in the empyema cavity after the local infection was controlled. Second, Amplatzer device implantation and pedicled muscle flap transposition was performed at the same time, which achieved the purpose of obliterating the infection, closing the fistula, and tamponading the residual cavity. The patients recovered without complications and were discharged with short hospitalization stays. Conclusions We believe that the union of the Amplatzer device and pedicle muscle flap transposition seems to be a safe and effective treatment for BPF with chronic empyema and can shorten the length of the related hospital stay.

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