exceptional points
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2022 ◽  
Vol 5 (1) ◽  
Suwun Suwunnarat ◽  
Yaqian Tang ◽  
Mattis Reisner ◽  
Fabrice Mortessagne ◽  
Ulrich Kuhl ◽  

AbstractCoherent perfect absorption is one of the possibilities to get high absorption but typically suffers from being a resonant phenomena, i.e., efficient absorption only in a local frequency range. Additionally, if applied in high power applications, the understanding of the interplay of non-linearities and coherent perfect absorption is crucial. Here we show experimentally and theoretically the formation of non-linear coherent perfect absorption in the proximity of exceptional point degeneracies of the zeros of the scattering function. Using a microwave platform, consisting of a lossy nonlinear resonator coupled to two interrogating antennas, we show that a coherent incident excitation can trigger a self-induced perfect absorption once its intensity exceeds a critical value. Note, that a (near) perfect absorption persists for a broad-band frequency range around the nonlinear coherent perfect absorption condition. Its origin is traced to a quartic behavior that the absorbance spectrum acquires in the proximity of the exceptional points of the nonlinear scattering operator.

Haoye Qin ◽  
Yiheng Yin ◽  
Ming Ding

Abstract Investigation of exceptional points mostly focuses on the second order case and employs the gain-involved parity-time (PT) symmetric systems. Here, we propose an approach to implementing fourth order exceptional points (FOEPs) using directly coupled optical resonators with rotation. On resonance, the system manifests FOEP through tuning the spinning velocity to targeted values. Eigenfrequency bifurcation and enhanced sensitivity for nanoparticle have been presented. Also, near FOEP, nonreciprocal light propagation exhibits great boost and dramatic change, which may be applied to high-efficiency isolators and circulators.

2021 ◽  
Vol 104 (23) ◽  
Robert Peters ◽  
Kazuhiro Kimura ◽  
Yoshihiro Michishita ◽  
Tsuneya Yoshida ◽  
Norio Kawakami

2021 ◽  
Haitan Xu ◽  
Weidong Zhang ◽  
Guowei Lu ◽  
Lulu Ye ◽  
Hai Lin ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 127 (25) ◽  
Feng Yu ◽  
Xu-Lin Zhang ◽  
Zhen-Nan Tian ◽  
Qi-Dai Chen ◽  
Hong-Bo Sun

Hang Liu ◽  
Sheng Meng ◽  
Feng Liu

Abstract Non-Hermitian (NH) topological states, such as the doubly-degenerate nodes dubbed as exceptional points (EPs) in Bloch band structure of 2D lattices driven by gain and loss, have attracted much recent interest. We demonstrate theoretically that in the three-site edge-centered lattices, i.e., the so-called line-graph lattices, such as Kagome lattice which is a line graph of hexagonal lattice, there exist three types of triply-degenerate EPs (TEPs) evolving intriguingly on another set of line graphs in the reciprocal space. A single TEP (STEP) with ±1/3 topological charge moves faithfully along the edges of reciprocal line graphs with varying gain and loss, while two STEPs merge distinctively into one unconventional orthogonal double TEP (DTEP) with ±2/3 charge at the vertices, which is characterized with two ordinary self-orthogonal eigenfunctions but one surprising “orthogonal” eigenfunction. Differently, in a modified line-graph lattice with an off-edge-center site, the ordinary coalesced state of DTEPs emerges with three identical self-orthogonal eigenfunctions. Such NH states and their evolution can be generally realized in various artificial systems, such as photonic and sonic crystals, where light and sonic vortex beams with different fractional twisting can be found. Our findings shed new light on fundamental understanding of gapless topological states in NH systems in terms of creation and evolution of high-order EPs, and open up new research directions to further link line graph and flow network theory coupled with topological physics, especially under non-equilibrium gain/loss conditions.

PRX Quantum ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 2 (4) ◽  
Shishir Khandelwal ◽  
Nicolas Brunner ◽  
Géraldine Haack

Dianzhen Cui ◽  
Tao Li ◽  
Jianning Li ◽  
Xuexi Yi

Abstract Models of quantum gravity imply a modification of the canonical position-momentum commutation relations. In this manuscript, working with a binary mechanical system, we examine the effect of quantum gravity on the exceptional points of the system. On the one side, we find that the exceedingly weak effect of quantum gravity can be sensed via pushing the system towards a second-order exceptional point, where the spectra of the non-Hermitian system exhibits non-analytic and even discontinuous behavior. On the other side, the gravity perturbation will affect the sensitivity of the system to deposition mass. In order to further enhance the sensitivity of the system to quantum gravity, we extend the system to the other one which has a third-order exceptional point. Our work provides a feasible way to use exceptional points as a new tool to explore the effect of quantum gravity.

2021 ◽  
Vol 4 (1) ◽  
Xinsheng Fang ◽  
Nikhil J R K Gerard ◽  
Zhiling Zhou ◽  
Hua Ding ◽  
Nengyin Wang ◽  

AbstractHigher-order exceptional points have attracted increased attention in recent years due to their enhanced sensitivity and distinct topological features. Here, we show that non-local acoustic metagratings enabling precise and simultaneous control over their multiple orders of diffraction can serve as a robust platform for investigating higher-order exceptional points in free space. The proposed metagratings, not only could advance the fundamental research of arbitrary order exceptional points, but could also empower unconventional free-space wave manipulation for applications related to sensing and extremely asymmetrical wave control.

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