hybrid precoding
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Electronics ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
pp. 75
Fahad Alraddady ◽  
Irfan Ahmed ◽  
Filmon Habtemicail

This paper presents hybrid precoding for a non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) transmission scheme in a millimeter wave (mmWave) massive MIMO (mMIMO) downlink. In hybrid precoding, the analog precoder is obtained by the orthogonalization of the users’ channel vectors to minimize inter-beam interference. The digital precoder consists of a zero-forcing precoder to minimize inter-user interference. In order to break the barrier of one user per beam, we utilize the NOMA within the beam for power domain multiplexing among users. Simulation results show the proposed scheme’s efficacy compared to the state-of-the-art schemes and provide 1.48 times better sum-rate performance at 10 dB received SNR.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2134 (1) ◽  
pp. 012027
H Ayad ◽  
M Y Bendimerad ◽  
F T Bendimerad

Abstract Hybrid precoding is a challenging design for massive MIMO systems that involves a combination of analog and digital processing, aiming to maximize the spectral efficiency (SE). Most works on hybrid precoding focus on the single phase shifter (SPS) implementation to adapt the phase from RF chains to antennas. In this paper we propose to develop the double phase shifter (DPS) and the fixed phase shifter (FPS) in both single-path and multi-path configuration. Simulation results certify a significant improvement for both proposed implementations with high hardware efficiency (HE) and high spectral efficiency especially in multi-path environment.

Xiaoping Zhou ◽  

Millimeter-wave (mmWave) massive MIMO (multiple-input multiple-output) is a promising technology as it provides significant beamforming gains and interference reduction capabilities due to the large number of antennas. However, mmWave massive MIMO is computationally demanding, as the high antenna count results in high-dimensional matrix operations when conventional MIMO processing is applied. Hybrid precoding is an effective solution for the mmWave massive MIMO systems to significantly decrease the number of radio frequency (RF) chains without an apparent sum-rate loss. In this paper, we propose user clustering hybrid precoding to enable efficient and low-complexity operation in high-dimensional mmWave massive MIMO, where a large number of antennas are used in low-dimensional manifolds. By modeling each user set as a manifold, we formulate the problem as clustering-oriented multi-manifolds learning. The manifold discriminative learning seek to learn the embedding low-dimensional manifolds, where manifolds with different user cluster labels are better separated, and the local spatial correlation of the high-dimensional channels within each manifold is enhanced. Most of the high-dimensional channels are embedded in the low-dimensional manifolds by manifold discriminative learning, while retaining the potential spatial correlation of the high-dimensional channels. The nonlinearity of high-dimensional channel is transformed into global and local nonlinearity to achieve dimensionality reduction. Through proper user clustering, the hybrid precoding is investigated for the sum-rate maximization problem by manifold quasi conjugate gradient methods. The high signal to interference plus noise ratio (SINR) is achieved and the computational complexity is reduced by avoiding the conventional schemes to deal with high-dimensional channel parameters. Performance evaluations show that the proposed scheme can obtain near-optimal sum-rate and considerably higher spectral efficiency than some existing solutions

2021 ◽  
Vol 17 (11) ◽  
pp. 155014772110553
Xiaoping Zhou ◽  
Haichao Liu ◽  
Bin Wang ◽  
Qian Zhang ◽  
Yang Wang

Millimeter-wave massive multiple-input multiple-output is a key technology in 5G communication system. In particular, the hybrid precoding method has the advantages of being power efficient and less expensive than the full-digital precoding method, so it has attracted more and more attention. The effectiveness of this method in simple systems has been well verified, but its performance is still unknown due to many problems in real communication such as interference from other users and base stations, and users are constantly on the move. In this article, we propose a dynamic user clustering hybrid precoding method in the high-dimensional millimeter-wave multiple-input multiple-output system, which uses low-dimensional manifolds to avoid complicated calculations when there are many antennas. We model each user set as a novel Convolutional Restricted Boltzmann Machine manifold, and the problem is transformed into cluster-oriented multi-manifold learning. The novel Convolutional Restricted Boltzmann Machine manifold learning seeks to learn embedded low-dimensional manifolds through manifold learning in the face of user mobility in clusters. Through proper user clustering, the hybrid precoding is investigated for the sum-rate maximization problem by manifold quasi-conjugate gradient methods. This algorithm avoids the traditional method of processing high-dimensional channel parameters, achieves a high signal-to-noise ratio, and reduces computational complexity. The simulation result table shows that this method can get almost the best summation rate and higher spectral efficiency compared with the traditional method.

P. Jeyakumar ◽  
Arvind Ramesh ◽  
S. Srinitha ◽  
V. Vishnu ◽  
P. Muthuchidambaranathan

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