Flat Bands
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2D Materials ◽  
2022 ◽  
Guangze Chen ◽  
Maryam Khosravian ◽  
Jose Lado ◽  
Aline Ramires

Abstract Twisted graphene multilayers provide tunable platforms to engineer flat bands and exploit the associated strongly correlated physics. The two-dimensional nature of these systems makes them suitable for encapsulation by materials that break specific symmetries. In this context, recently discovered two-dimensional helimagnets, such as the multiferroic monolayer NiI2, are specially appealing for breaking time-reversal and inversion symmetries due to their nontrivial spin textures. Here we show that this spin texture can be imprinted on the electronic structure of twisted bilayer graphene by proximity effect. We discuss the dependence of the imprinted spin texture on the wave-vector of the helical structure, and on the strength of the effective local exchange field. Based on these results we discuss the nature of the superconducting instabilities that can take place in helimagnet encapsulated twisted bilayer graphene. Our results put forward helimagnetic encapsulation as a powerful way of designing spin-textured flat band systems, providing a starting point to engineer a new family of correlated moire states.

2022 ◽  
Xiaojuan Ni ◽  
Hong Li ◽  
Feng Liu ◽  
Jean-Luc Bredas

Two-dimensional covalent organic frameworks (2D-COFs), also referred to as 2D polymer networks, display unusual electronic-structure characteristics, which can significantly enrich and broaden the fields of electronics and spintronics. In this...

2021 ◽  
Dumitru Călugăru ◽  
Aaron Chew ◽  
Luis Elcoro ◽  
Yuanfeng Xu ◽  
Nicolas Regnault ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 104 (23) ◽  
Wenjuan Zhang ◽  
Zachariah Addison ◽  
Nandini Trivedi

2021 ◽  
Vol 104 (6) ◽  
C. E. Whittaker ◽  
D. R. Gulevich ◽  
D. Biegańska ◽  
B. Royall ◽  
E. Clarke ◽  

Nanomaterials ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (12) ◽  
pp. 3229
Thi-Nga Do ◽  
Godfrey Gumbs ◽  
Danhong Huang ◽  
Bui D. Hoi ◽  
Po-Hsin Shih

We explore the implementation of specific optical properties of armchair graphene nanoribbons (AGNRs) through edge-defect manipulation. This technique employs the tight-binding model in conjunction with the calculated absorption spectral function. Modification of the edge states gives rise to the diverse electronic structures with striking changes in the band gap and special flat bands at low energy. The optical-absorption spectra exhibit unique excitation peaks, and they strongly depend on the type and period of the edge extension. Remarkably, there exist the unusual transition channels associated with the flat bands for selected edge-modified systems. We discovered the special rule governing how the edge-defect influences the electronic and optical properties in AGNRs. Our theoretical prediction demonstrates an efficient way to manipulate the optical properties of AGNRs. This might be of importance in the search for suitable materials designed to have possible technology applications in nano-optical, plasmonic and optoelectronic devices.

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