photoemission spectroscopy
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Nana Hozuki ◽  
Kenichi Kaminaga ◽  
Shingo Maruyama ◽  
Daisuke Shiga ◽  
Hiroshi Kumigashira ◽  

Abstract Ta ions-containing solutions, which are brown in color with no precipitation, were successfully prepared through an electroelution process with ionic liquid (IL). An as-delivered Ta metal plate covered with a passivation oxide film could be easily eluted even at room temperature by simply applying an anodic potential of, e.g. +2.2 V vs. Ag in [Bmim][PF6] IL. According to the quantity of electric charge required for oxidation of Ta, most Ta ions in the IL were suggested to be in an oxidation state of +5, which was also confirmed by x-ray photoemission spectroscopy (XPS). Ta ions in IL were found to thermally evaporate together with IL molecules by heating in a vacuum, forming a deposit of the Ta ions-containing IL on a substrate. The Ta concentrations in the deposits were reduced uniquely by about one order of magnitude from those in the original bulk source through the evaporation process under the present conditions. Furthermore, a possibility of the formation of thin film-like Ta oxide from such a Ta ions-containing IL deposit and its bulk droplet prepared on substrates by annealing in air at 1000oC will be discussed.

Jin Qian ◽  
Ethan Crumlin ◽  
David Prendergast

X-ray photoemission spectroscopy is a commonly applied characterization technique that probes the local chemistry of atoms in molecules and materials via the photoexcitation of electrons from atomic core orbitals. These...

2022 ◽  
Vol 40 (1) ◽  
pp. 013207
Osman Karslıoğlu ◽  
Lena Trotochaud ◽  
Farhad Salmassi ◽  
Eric M. Gullikson ◽  
Andrey Shavorskiy ◽  

Thilini K. Ekanayaka ◽  
Hannah Kurz ◽  
Kayleigh A. McElveen ◽  
Guanhua Hao ◽  
Esha Mishra ◽  

From X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) and X-ray photoemission spectroscopy (XPS) it is evident that the spin state transition behavior of Fe(ii) spin crossover coordination polymer crystallites at the surface differs from the bulk.

2D Materials ◽  
2021 ◽  
Archit Dhingra ◽  
Alexey Lipatov ◽  
Haidong Lu ◽  
Katerina Chagoya ◽  
Joseph Dalton ◽  

Abstract GeI2 is an interesting two-dimensional (2D) wide-band gap semiconductor because of diminished edge scattering due to an absence of dangling bonds. Angle-resolved x-ray photoemission spectroscopy (ARXPS) indicates a germanium rich surface, and a surface to bulk core-level shift of 1.8 eV in binding energy, between the surface and bulk components of the Ge 2p3/2 core-level, making clear that the surface is different from the bulk. Temperature dependent studies indicate an effective Debye temperature (θD ) of 186 ± 18 K for the germanium x-ray photoemission spectroscopy (XPS) feature associated with the surface. These measurements also suggest an unusually high effective Debye temperature for iodine (587 ± 31 K), implying that iodine is present in the bulk of the material, and not the surface. From optical absorbance, GeI2 is seen to have an indirect (direct) optical band gap of 2.60 (2.8) ± 0.02 (0.1) eV, consistent with the expectations. Temperature dependent magnetometry indicates that GeI2 is moment paramagnetic at low temperatures (close to 4 K) and shows a diminishing saturation moment at high temperatures (close to 300 K and above).

Nanomaterials ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 42
Marianna V. Kharlamova ◽  
Christian Kramberger

Many envisaged applications, such as nanoelectronics, photovoltaics, thermoelectric power generation, light-emission devices, energy storage and biomedicine, necessitate single-walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT) samples with specific uniform electronic properties. The precise investigation of the electronic properties of filled SWCNTs on a qualitative and quantitative level is conducted by optical absorption spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, photoemission spectroscopy and X-ray absorption spectroscopy. This review is dedicated to the description of the spectroscopic methods for the analysis of the electronic properties of filled SWCNTs. The basic principle and main features of SWCNTs as well as signatures of doping-induced modifications of the spectra of filled SWCNTs are discussed.

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