co doping
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2022 ◽  
Vol 277 ◽  
pp. 115571
Hang Shao ◽  
Libin Gao ◽  
Kexin Liang ◽  
Hongwei Chen ◽  
Qinyan Ye ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 892 ◽  
pp. 162190
Jiajing Yang ◽  
Zongbin Li ◽  
Bo Yang ◽  
Haile Yan ◽  
Daoyong Cong ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 202 ◽  
pp. 111007
Lei He ◽  
Huiying Gao ◽  
Yan Xuan ◽  
Feng Zhang ◽  
Junfeng Ren ◽  

Nanomaterials ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 259
Natalia Pawlik ◽  
Barbara Szpikowska-Sroka ◽  
Tomasz Goryczka ◽  
Ewa Pietrasik ◽  
Wojciech A. Pisarski

The synthesis and characterization of multicolor light-emitting nanomaterials based on rare earths (RE3+) are of great importance due to their possible use in optoelectronic devices, such as LEDs or displays. In the present work, oxyfluoride glass-ceramics containing BaF2 nanocrystals co-doped with Tb3+, Eu3+ ions were fabricated from amorphous xerogels at 350 °C. The analysis of the thermal behavior of fabricated xerogels was performed using TG/DSC measurements (thermogravimetry (TG), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC)). The crystallization of BaF2 phase at the nanoscale was confirmed by X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurements and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and the changes in silicate sol–gel host were determined by attenuated total reflectance infrared (ATR-IR) spectroscopy. The luminescent characterization of prepared sol–gel materials was carried out by excitation and emission spectra along with decay analysis from the 5D4 level of Tb3+. As a result, the visible light according to the electronic transitions of Tb3+ (5D4 → 7FJ (J = 6–3)) and Eu3+ (5D0 → 7FJ (J = 0–4)) was recorded. It was also observed that co-doping with Eu3+ caused the shortening in decay times of the 5D4 state from 1.11 ms to 0.88 ms (for xerogels) and from 6.56 ms to 4.06 ms (for glass-ceramics). Thus, based on lifetime values, the Tb3+/Eu3+ energy transfer (ET) efficiencies were estimated to be almost 21% for xerogels and 38% for nano-glass-ceramics. Therefore, such materials could be successfully predisposed for laser technologies, spectral converters, and three-dimensional displays.

Jing Li ◽  
Yong Zhou ◽  
Yanjie Wang ◽  
Sen Zhou ◽  
Ruijie Zhang ◽  

Abstract Black phosphorus (BP) is a two-dimensional and layered elemental semiconductor that is very sensitive to the subtle fluctuation of relative humidity (RH). However, the practical application of BP material was undesirably plagued by the irreversible degradation under moisture/oxygen atmospheres. To circumvent this limitation, here we prepared BP co-doped with benzyl viologen (BV) and Au nanoparticles as the sensing layer and explored the humidity-sensing performance at room temperature (20 oC). Unlike BP (BP-BV) counterparts, BP-Au (BP-BV-Au) sensors demonstrated unvaried response polarity with increasing RH. And BV introduction improved the recovery characteristics. Additionally, the ternary BP-BV-Au sensors delivered decent selectivity and negligible hysteresis. On the one hand, the in situ reduction of Au nanoparticles consumed lone electron pairs within BP, suppressed the interaction with ambient moisture/oxygen, and improved the operation stability and recovery. On the other hand, hydrophobic BV as the protection layer further hindered water attachment. This co-doping behavior reduced the hole density and ensured the predominant interaction between low-energy sorption sites within BP and water molecules, thus leading to a larger resistance modulation (i.e., stronger response) and quicker reaction kinetics. This work offered a feasible method to propel the practical application and enriched the sensing mechanisms of BP-based humidity sensors.

2022 ◽  
Vol 128 (2) ◽  
Mati Ullah ◽  
Sadiq Ullah ◽  
Shehnaz ◽  
Abdul Manan ◽  
Fayaz Khan ◽  

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