university of texas
Recently Published Documents





2022 ◽  
Zachary J. Smith ◽  
J. Eric Bickel

In Weighted Scoring Rules and Convex Risk Measures, Dr. Zachary J. Smith and Prof. J. Eric Bickel (both at the University of Texas at Austin) present a general connection between weighted proper scoring rules and investment decisions involving the minimization of a convex risk measure. Weighted scoring rules are quantitative tools for evaluating the accuracy of probabilistic forecasts relative to a baseline distribution. In their paper, the authors demonstrate that the relationship between convex risk measures and weighted scoring rules relates closely with previous economic characterizations of weighted scores based on expected utility maximization. As illustrative examples, the authors study two families of weighted scoring rules based on phi-divergences (generalizations of the Weighted Power and Weighted Pseudospherical Scoring rules) along with their corresponding risk measures. The paper will be of particular interest to the decision analysis and mathematical finance communities as well as those interested in the elicitation and evaluation of subjective probabilistic forecasts.

2021 ◽  
Vol 38 (6) ◽  
pp. 1843-1851
Ouarda Soltani ◽  
Souad Benabdelkader

The human color skin image database called SFA, specifically designed to assist research in the area of face recognition, constitutes a very important means particularly for the challenging task of skin detection. It has showed high performances comparing to other existing databases. SFA database provides multiple skin and non-skin samples, which in various combinations with each other allow creating new samples that could be useful and more effective. This particular aspect will be investigated, in the present paper, by creating four new representative skin samples according to the four rules of minimum, maximum, mean and median. The obtained samples will be exploited for the purpose of skin segmentation on the basis of the well-known Euclidean and Manhattan distance metrics. Thereafter, performances of the new representative skin samples versus performances of those skin samples, originally provided by SFA, will be illustrated. Simulation results in both SFA and UTD (University of Texas at Dallas) color face databases indicate that detection rates higher than 92% can be achieved with either measure.

Healthcare ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 75
Daniel Sur ◽  
Cristina Lungulescu ◽  
Irina-Ioana Puscariu ◽  
Simona Ruxandra Volovat ◽  
Madalina Preda ◽  

Patients with microsatellite-instability-high (MSI-H) or mismatched repair-deficient colorectal cancer (CRC) appear to be responsive to checkpoint inhibitors. This study aimed to assess research trends in CRC immunotherapy. Publication patterns of articles covering immunotherapies in CRC in the Web of Science Core Collection database were retrospectively examined using VOS viewer software (version 1.6.16) prior to 25 May 2021. Ultimately, 3977 records were identified that were published between 1975 and 2021, which received a total of 128,681 citations (an average of 32.36 citations per item), with a noticeable rise in 2014. The majority of articles were published in the US (35.8%), China (17.7%), and Germany (9.4%). Publications mainly originated from the Institut National de la Santé Et De La Recherche Medicale Inserm, followed by the University of Texas System and Harvard University; however, Johns Hopkins University received the most citations (18,666 for 69 publications). The Journal of Clinical Oncology issued the most publications (n = 146), while the most referenced item (7724 citations) was published in the New England Journal of Medicine in 2012. The most common keywords were associated with tumors (expression and microsatellite instability) or immune system components (t-cells/dendritic cells). The findings demonstrate the scientific community’s interest in the MSI-H subtype of colorectal tumors and how immunotherapy may be employed more successfully to treat metastatic CRC.

2021 ◽  
Vol 57 (2) ◽  
pp. 025010
Joel A Walsh ◽  
Mic Fenech ◽  
Derrick L Tucker ◽  
Catherine Riegle-Crumb ◽  
Brian R La Cour

Abstract Quantum computing was once regarded as a mere theoretical possibility, but recent advances in engineering and materials science have brought practical quantum computers closer to reality. Currently, representatives from industry, academia, and governments across the world are working to build the educational structures needed to produce the quantum workforce of the future. Less attention has been paid to growing quantum computing capacity at the high school level. This article details work at The University of Texas at Austin to develop and pilot the first full-year high school quantum computing class. Over the course of two years, researchers and practitioners involved with the project learned several pedagogical and practical lessons that can be helpful for quantum computing course design and implementation at the secondary level. In particular, we find that the use of classical optics provides a clear and accessible avenue for representing quantum states and gate operators and facilitates both learning and the transfer of knowledge to other Science, Technology, and Engineering (STEM) skills. Furthermore, students found that exploring quantum optical phenomena prior to the introduction of mathematical models helped in the understanding and mastery of the material.

2021 ◽  
Vol 1 (1) ◽  
pp. 68-91

At semester’s end at the University of Texas at El Paso and at the University of Texas of the Permian Basin, faculty members directing the PLTL Programs invite Peer Leaders to reflect on their experience, to describe their challenges, and to offer their personal advice. For the benefit of future Peer Leaders, here are their stories, reflections, observations, and advice about leadership and the practice of leading.

2021 ◽  
Vol 1 (1) ◽  
pp. 55-67
A.E Dreyfuss ◽  
Ana Fraiman ◽  
Milka Montes ◽  
Reagan Hudson ◽  

Peer-led workshops in General Chemistry at the University of Texas Permian Basin (UTPB) were affected by COVID-19 restrictions during the 2020-2021 academic year. Most Peer-Led Team Learning (PLTL) workshops were conducted in person, but with the difference that protocols of distancing had to be observed, and a few were conducted online, so adjustments were necessary to prepare Peer Leaders to conduct their workshops in both types of settings. The facets of the modified PLTL program were supported by the online preparation for facilitation and chemistry content The results of an examination of critical incidents (Brookfield, 1995) are shared here. This qualitative examination of Peer Leaders’ experiences was undertaken because of its exploration of formative events. Through the responses to several rounds of questions about their experiences, Peer Leaders acknowledged the reality of dealing with Covid-19 restrictions as well as their preparation via a weekly online seminar. This paper, co-authored with Peer Leaders, examines the process of online training and facilitating workshops during the Fall 2020 and Spring 2021 semesters at UTPB.

2021 ◽  
Vol 1 (1) ◽  
pp. 12-24
Kimshi Hickman ◽  
Catherine Unite ◽  
Monica Franco

The paper describes the launch of Peer-Led Team Learning for Precalculus Engineering and Math at the University of Texas at Arlington (UTA) and the results that PLTL has had on pass rates. Historically, students placed into Precalculus, instead of being Calculus ready, have experienced higher failure rates than any other student grouping. While UTA has invested in many studies, programs and techniques that aid these underprepared students, a few strategies have emerged as being effective. These strategies have included the previous implementation of Supplemental Instruction (SI), with separate sections devoted specifically to Precalculus co-enrolled engineering-course students, peer-based instruction, and active learning activities as opposed to additional lectures. As a result of these findings, in the Fall 2020 semester, UTA combined all these strategies into a learning course integrating these best practices into a required PLTL learning lab with problem-based activities and studying practices for the engineering course and a self-selected PLTL option for the math course. The goal was to aid in increasing success rates in these classes. The students engaged in effective “study habits” and problem-based learning practices with a Peer-Led Team Learning (PLTL) leader. What we have found is the positive impact that PLTL has on pass rates for at-risk populations in addition to positive satisfaction surveys. This paper will show the effectiveness of PLTL by discussing success rates for the Fall 2020 and Spring 2021 semesters versus the other singular implementations from previous semesters, in this case Supplemental Instruction.

2021 ◽  
Vol 224 (24) ◽  

Roger Hanlon is a Senior Scientist at the Marine Biological Laboratory, USA, where he investigates body patterning and colour change in cephalopods. After his undergraduate degree in 1969 at Florida State University, USA, he joined the US Army and travelled before completing his MSc (1975) and PhD (1978) at the University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences, USA. After a NATO Postdoctoral Fellowship at the University of Cambridge, UK, in 1981, Hanlon joined the Marine Biomedical Institute, University of Texas Medical Branch, where he became a full Professor, before joining the Marine Biological Laboratory in 1995. Hanlon talks about the seminal experience in his early 20s that inspired his career and the methods and equipment he uses to study cephalopod camouflage and communication across the globe.

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document