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2021 ◽  
Vol 2 (1) ◽  
pp. 17-31
Author(s):  
Agung Syahriman ◽  
Agus Mulyana

This article is a review of the history textbooks of High School that aims to view and analyze the content of multiculturalism material contained in history textbooks. The method used in this study is critical discourse analysis. The subject in this study is Indonesia history textbook class XI High School Curriculum 2013 (Revised 2017). The results of the study showed that there is a content of multiculturalism material contained in textbooks. This can be seen from the achievements of indoctrinators who support multiculturalism as a whole (the value of tolerance, the value of equality, and democratic values). With the appearance of these indicators, it can be said that the Indonesia history textbook class XI curriculum 2013 is enough to display the content of material containing multiculturalism. In addition, withthe ampilnya content of multiculturalism material in historical textbooks, it can be said to be an effort to be able to channel the understanding of multiculturalism to the younger generation (students). The material of multiculturalism itself  is very suitable to be displayed in historical textbook material. Because, history textbooks in addition to being a medium that supports learning, is also a medium that can show learners a historical event that has occurred in the past with many essences and values of diversity that exist. It is a common interest for the formation of attitudes of learners who can respect each other in their lives.   KEYWORDS Multiculturalism, History textbooks, Discourse analysis.


Author(s):  
Tamás Martos ◽  
Balázs Jagodics ◽  
Judit Kőrössy ◽  
Éva Szabó

AbstractA growing number of studies support the idea that academic performance is based on specific psychological resources and cognitive abilities. As early university dropout is a widespread problem, it is increasingly important to explore which psychological resources can enhance learning, academic motivation, and achievement during the transition from high school to university. The goal of our study was to explore the psychological resources at the start of the studies linked to subsequent academic achievement. Coping mechanisms, time perspective, self-esteem, mindset, motivation, and test anxiety were measured using questionnaires in a voluntary online study among first-year university students (N = 1113, 53.0 % female). Using exploratory factor analysis, we identified three different factors of psychological resources: ‘Academic achievement focus’, ‘Self-confidence’, and 'Search for interests’. Based on the factor scores, hierarchical cluster analysis identified five subgroups of students. These subgroups showed differential association with first semester GPA and the number of attained credits. The combination of a focus on high academic achievement but low self-confidence could be traced as characteristics predicting the highest risk of decreased achievement and loss of credits. These results indicate that training in psychological resources could support academic achievement and prevent university dropout.


JUDIMAS ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 2 (1) ◽  
pp. 53
Author(s):  
Rofiqoh Dewi ◽  
Wiwi Verina ◽  
Muhammad Barkah Akbar

Graphic Design is currently one of the few software that has been widely used for the development of knowledge because it is very easy to use in various aspects of work. Jobs by utilizing graphic design have a very large opportunity to be used by students with the current pandemic conditions, because apart from being easy to use in basic work for students, many social media users such as Instagram and Facebook want good Instagram and Facebook feeds. For this reason, it is inevitable that many social media users need photo editing services such as graduation photo editing and travel photo editing so that it can be used as a business opportunity among students to take the job because the work can be done anywhere with easily accessible tools. In today's world of work, if human resources (HR) do not have additional abilities or skills, it will be difficult to compete in obtaining work. Through this introduction, students are also expected to get to know the tools that exist in Photoshop software. With the introduction of Photoshop, it is hoped that it can provide new insights and knowledge to the students of Budi Agung Medan Private High School about making graphic design as a business opportunity.


Author(s):  
Yanping Jiang ◽  
Jennifer Morozink Boylan ◽  
Samuele Zilioli

Abstract Background Macroeconomic crises can exaggerate existing educational disparities in health. Few studies, however, have examined whether macroeconomic crises get under the skin to affect educational disparities in health-related biological processes. Purpose This study aimed to examine the effect of the economic recession of 2008 (i.e., Great Recession) on educational disparities in cardiometabolic risk and self-reported psychological distress. Methods Data were drawn from two subsamples of the Midlife in the United States (MIDUS) study: the second wave of the MIDUS sample (pre-recession cohort, N = 985) and the refresher sample (post-recession cohort, N = 863). Educational attainment was categorized into high school education or less, some college, and bachelor’s degree or higher. Outcomes included metabolic syndrome, C-reactive protein, and interleukin-6, as well as self-reported perceived stress, depressive symptoms, and financial distress. Results Results showed that having a bachelor’s degree or higher (compared to having a high school education or less) was more strongly associated with decreased metabolic syndrome symptoms in the post-recession cohort than the pre-recession cohort, above and beyond demographic, health, and behavioral covariates. These findings did not extend to systemic inflammation or psychological distress. Conclusions Our findings suggest that chronic macroeconomic stressors may widen the educational gap in physical health, particularly cardiometabolic health, by modifying biological and anthropometric risk factors implicated in metabolic syndrome.


2021 ◽  
Vol 91 ◽  
pp. 48-58
Author(s):  
Ashley M. Fraser ◽  
Crystal I. Bryce ◽  
Brittany L. Alexander ◽  
Richard A. Fabes

2021 ◽  
pp. bmjsrh-2021-201079
Author(s):  
Laura E Jacobson ◽  
Biani Saavedra-Avendano ◽  
Evelyn Fuentes-Rivera ◽  
Raffaela Schiavon ◽  
Blair G Darney

ObjectiveTo describe the community context of women who travel to access Mexico City’s public sector abortion programme and identify factors associated with travelling from highly marginalised settings.MethodsWe used data from the Interrupción Legal de Embarazo (ILE) programme (2016–2019) and identified all abortion clients who travelled from outside Mexico City. We merged in contextual information at the municipality level and used descriptive statistics to describe ILE clients’ individual characteristics and municipalities on several measures of vulnerability. We also compared municipalities that ILE clients travelled from with those where no one travelled from. We used logistic regression to identify factors associated with travelling to access ILE services from highly marginalised versus less marginalised municipalities.ResultsOur sample included 21 629 ILE clients who travelled to Mexico City from 491 municipalities within all 31 states outside Mexico City. The majority of clients travelled from the least marginalised (81.9%) and most populated (over 100 000 inhabitants; 91.3%) municipalities. Most (91.2%) ILE clients came from municipalities with adolescent fertility rates in the bottom three quintiles. Clients with a primary or secondary education (vs high school or more) and those from a municipality with a high adolescent fertility rate (top two quintiles) had higher odds of travelling from a highly marginalised (vs less) municipality (adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 1.46, 95% CI 1.35 to 1.58 and aOR 1.89, 95% CI 1.68 to 2.12, respectively).ConclusionILE clients travel from geographically and socioeconomically diverse communities. There is an unmet need for legal abortion across Mexico.


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