Pelvic Floor Exercise
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Mumtaz Adiba Bt Juanda ◽  
Suzanna Daud

Pelvic floor disorders, which includes pelvic organ prolapse (POP), have shown an increasing prevalence among women worldwide. (Wu 2014) It is perceived as embarrassment and affect the women’s quality of life. A 68-year-old housewife, Para 3, complained of a 50-cent coin size lump coming down from her vagina since 2019, which could be reduced back manually inside the vagina. The symptom exacerbated by straining and carrying heavy objects. Ignoring the symptom, causing the lump to increase in size and protruded out from her vagina for the past 2 months. She had 3 SVD with maximum birth weight of 3.75kg and a prolonged second stage of labour in her second pregnancy. She was not aware and never practiced pelvic floor exercise nor taken any HRT. There were no urinary symptoms nor constipation. Her BMI is 25.2kg/m2. Abdominal examination was unremarkable. On speculum examination, vagina was atrophic and third degree uterine prolapse was evident. She was arranged to have Vaginal hysterectomy, anterior colporrhaphy and sacrospinous fixation done. The positive risk factors in this case are multiparity, menopausal status, a history of prolonged labor and frequent heavy lifting. The delay in presentation is due to lack of awareness. It was also found in a study that feeling of embarrassment and social stigma could be the reason. (Abhyankar 2019) Pelvic Floor exercise and avoidance of heavy lifting may be beneficial at onset of symptom. For conclusion, POP awareness is crucial to empower women to prevent POP and seek treatment as soon as they are symptomatic.International Journal of Human and Health Sciences Supplementary Issue-2: 2021 Page: S24

Pradnya Gavhale ◽  
Manjusha Mahakarkar

Background: Stress urinary incontinence is an involuntary leaking of urine during physical activity, such as coughing, sneezing, laughing, or exercise that increases abdominal pressure. Stress urinaryincontinence has a wide variety of impacts on women's daily. Objectives: To assess the stress urinary incontinence among women before and after pelvic floor exercise, to assess the severity of stress urinary incontinence among women before and after pelvic floor exercise, to find out the association between stress urinary incontinence and severity with selected demographic variables. Methodology: A study will be conducted in the rural community area of the Wardha district. A total of 30 women will be selected as the study sample by using the non-probability purposive sampling technique as per the inclusion/exclusion criteria. An interventional evaluatory approach and time-series design will be used. In this study, the researcher will assess the stress urinary incontinence with the help of a structured questionnaire and again assess the severity of stress urinary incontinence with a grading scale after that pelvic floor exercise will be given to that woman after 2 weeks again researcher will assess the stress urinary incontinence and severity of the stress urinary incontinence with the grading scale. Outcome/results: The outcome will be the pelvic floor exercise or training (PFE) will minimize the incidence rate of stress urinary incontinence among women it also helps to increase the pelvic floor muscle strength.

2021 ◽  
Vol 33 (1) ◽  
Maherah Kamarudin ◽  
Jesrine Gek Shan Hong ◽  
Yogeeta Gunasagran ◽  
Chua Shiao Chuan ◽  
Noor Adeebah M. Razif ◽  

Urinary Incontinence (UI) negatively impact women’s physical, psychological and health-related quality of life. Pelvic strengthening exercise is the first line management in UI. We hypothesized that Hyacinth exercise is better than Pelvic Floor Exercise (PFE) in strengthening pelvic floor muscles, thus reducing female urinary incontinence. This randomized controlled trial involved 180 women with UI. Participants were taught on either Hyacinth exercise or PFE alone. Improvement in urinary symptoms and pelvic muscle strength were evaluated using a validated female pelvic floor questionnaire and objectively measured at 2 months and 6 months. Significant improvement in urinary symptoms and pelvic muscle strength post treatment at 2 months and 6 months was seen in both groups with p≤0.001. Although earlier improvement seen in Hyacinth group, it did not reach level of significant when compared, between the two exercises. Mean bladder score (PFE vs Hyacinth arm) 9.13±6.54 vs. 8.74±5.21, p=0.93 (2 months) and 5.80±4.15 vs. 5.79±4.22, p=0.92 (6 months). Although there was no statistical difference between the two groups for our primary and secondary outcomes, Hyacinth group demonstrated earlier improvement in urinary symptoms at 2 months.

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