second stage of labour
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2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (12) ◽  
pp. 628-631
Grace Maria Joy ◽  
Sr. Mony K. ◽  

Background: Jaundice is very common in the neonatal period of life especially hyperbilirubinemia>12 mg/dl. Although it is not a major cause of mortality, it is an important cause of morbidity. So, assessment of the prevalence and risk factors of neonatal jaundice is very important. Objectives: The objectives of the study were to estimate the prevalence,to identify the risk factors and to findout the association between hyperbilirubinemia with selected neonatal,maternal,environmental and socio demographic variablesand to identify the risk factors. Methodology: This descriptive cross sectional survey study was conducted among 200 neonates of 37 completed weeks of gestation. Subjects were selected by using total enumerative sampling.Transcutaneous bilirubin was measured by bilirubinometer,clinical and demographic variables collected by using semi structured questionnaire and the risk factors were assessed by interview schedule. Results:Research showed that most of neonates (81.5%) had Transcutaneous bilirubin level more than 12mg/dl, out of that (15% )subjects had elevated level of bilirubin 15- 20mg/dl. It is concluded that there is high prevalence of hyperbilirubinemia among neonates . It is evident that neonates developed hyperbilirubinemia by 48 to 72 hours. It is inferred that prevalence of hyperbilirubinemia was high at 72 hours (56.5%) after birth compared to 48 hours of birth (38%). There was a significant association between level of hyperbilirubinemia and family history of genetic diseases (P=0.003),parity (p=0.03, χ2=4.37),mode of conception(p=0.012, χ2=6.37), and gestational age(P=0.04),gender of the neonate (p=0.004, χ2=8.1)and duration of second stage of labour (p=0.026, χ2=7.27). The study revealed that the family history of genetic diseases (p=0.004),(OR=0.09) at level of significance 0.05,is a risk factor leads to hyperbilirubinemia. Conclusion: Neonatal jaundice is a leading cause of hospitalisation in the first few weeks of life throughout the world.Though major complications may arise like kernicterus,encephalopathy and neural sequlae.Hence there is an exigent need for assessing the bilirubin value in the routine neonatal assessment.

Louise Lundborg ◽  
Katarina Åberg ◽  
Anna Sandström ◽  
Xingrong Liu ◽  
Ellen Tilden ◽  

Nishita Shettian ◽  
Nikita Pitty

Background: Several models have been proposed to predict the need for an LSCS. With reference to this, the impact of the size of the fetal head traversing the birth canal is an important determinant of delivery outcomes. We examined the association between the head circumference and mode of delivery and perinatal outcomes, when compared to birth weight predicted by scan.Methods: This was a retrospective study, on 800 electronic delivery records between December 2019 and May 2021. Sociodemographic data, obstetrical parameter, term scan findings of head circumference and estimated fetal weight, and labour and perinatal outcomes were collected and analysed.Results: HC >95th centile was found to be comparatively more predictive and statistically significant compared to EFW >95th centile in the prediction of LSCS, with the most common indication being cephalopelvic disproportion. Prolonged second stage of labour was statistically significant in both cohort A and B, undergoing vaginal delivery. It was also noted that a significant number of newborns in cohort A required NICU admissions, while NICU admissions after emergency LSCS was significantly higher in the cohort B (p=0.0032) though the overall 5 and 10 minute APGAR scores and duration of stay were comparable in the groups classified on basis of EFW and HC.Conclusions: The above statistics observed on an Indian population may aid obstetricians in the planning of the mode of delivery, improve pre-labor counselling and efficient management of mothers of large babies. 

2021 ◽  
Cecilia Häggsgård ◽  
Christina Nilsson ◽  
Pia Teleman ◽  
Christine Rubertsson ◽  
Malin Edqvist

Shristy Mohanty ◽  
Satyabhama Marandi ◽  
Bhismadev Chhatria

Laparoelytrotomy is the accidental delivery via a vaginal incision during caesarean section in second stage of labour. It refers to the inadvertent delivery of the foetus through a transverse incision given over the vagina during a caesarean section (C-section). It is a rather uncommon complication of C-section encountered at advanced dilation which can lead to maternal complications such as traumatic postpartum hemorrhage, injury to bladder, ureters and difficult reconstruction of vagina. Here, we present a case report of inadvertent laparoelytrotomy during C-section.

2021 ◽  
Vol 7 (6) ◽  
pp. 141-143
Rimpi Singla ◽  
Aashima Arora ◽  
Girdhar Bora ◽  
Nalini Gupta

Spontaneous isolated intraperitoneal rupture of urinary bladder is a rare urological complication of normal delivery. This complication is usually related to prolonged labour, failure to empty bladder in second stage of labour, use of forceps/ ventouse, postpartum urinary retention, vaginal birth after caesarean section and usually presents immediately after delivery. We report the case of a patient with spontaneous isolated intraperitoneal rupture of urinary bladder after normal vaginal delivery in the absence of any risk factor. She presented on day 5 postpartum with features suggestive of puerperal sepsis with pyoperitoneum with acute kidney injury. Absence of unhealthy lochia and later, normal-looking uterus and adnexa during laparotomy led to the suspicion of alternate cause for seropurulent ascites. Further exploration revealed rent in the urinary bladder with necrosed margins. High index of suspicion of alternate diagnosis should be maintained if some of the clinical findings are not supportive of provisional initial diagnosis

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (11) ◽  
pp. 112-114
Sunil Kumar Agarwalla ◽  
Upasana Patra

Cyclopia is the rare manifestation of most severe degree of alobar holoprosencephaly1. Its most cardinal feature is presence of single eye or partially divided eye in a single socket at mid face with varying degrees of fusion of globes. The teratogenic factors leading to this anomaly include genetics, drugs, infection, radiation. Very few reports have documented this anomaly in newborn. Hence we present a case of stillborn baby of cyclopia with synophthalmia to a 27 year old woman who presented in second stage of labour with USG showing placenta previa. Early prenatal diagnosis, genetic study and proper management of this anomaly should be emphasized for better outcome in future. Key words: cyclopia; holoprosencephaly; teratogenic; synophthalmia; prenatal diagnosis.

2021 ◽  
pp. 10-13
R.Shanthi Malar ◽  
V. Vijayalakshmi ◽  
P. Thenmozhi

BACKGROUND:Pain relief during labour is an important component of modern obstetric care and can be produced by neuraxial, systemic or inhalational analgesia. Recent meta-analyses have supported epidural analgesia as the most efficacious technique.A good labour analgesia should aim at good pain relief during delivery process,at the same time not causing foetal acidosis,ensures safe for both mother and the baby. AIM OF THE STUDY:To study the influence of epidural analgesia on maternal and neonatal outcome MATERIALS AND METHODS:The study was conducted in the depar tment of Obstet r ics and Gynecology,GOVT.Stanley Medical College,Govt.RSRM LYING IN HOSPITAL,CHENNAI over a period of eight months from July 2019 to February 2021. The study was performed in 120 selected subjects. The study subjects were divided based on intervention – labour analgesia into 2 study groups. In this study,change in vital parameters,fetal heart rate,assessment of pain score,Duration of first and second stage of labour,mode of delivery,APGAR score and the need for NICU admission were noted and recorded.Any complications during the course of labour were also recorded. RESULTS:In this study,there was no significant difference in the mean duration of first and second stage of labour in both the study and control groups.The mean Apgar score of babies at one minute was 7.02 and at 5 minutes was 8.07 in the labour analgesia group and showed no significance.Maternal satisfaction for the effect of epidural analgesia,60.00% of the patients of epidural analgesia, the incidence of satisfactory/very satisfactory experience was meaningfully and significantly more in labour analgesia group subjects compared to control group subjects by 30 % with a 2 fold increase. CONCLUSION: As per this study labour analgesia using neuroaxial blockade technique are more likely to encounter increasing maternal satisfaction and good quality labour pain reduction.

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