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2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Aapo Tahkola ◽  
Päivi Korhonen ◽  
Hannu Kautiainen ◽  
Teemu Niiranen ◽  
Pekka Mäntyselkä

Abstract Background Effective prevention and treatment of hypertension is one of the most potential interventions in terms of preventing cardiovascular deaths and disabilities. However, the treatment control is often poor. This may be partly explained by the impact of hypertension diagnoses and treatment on health-related quality of life. Quality of life is also an important outcome for a hypertensive patient. Most of the previous studies on health-related quality of life in hypertension have concentrated on patients with treated hypertension and less is known about the initiation of medication and the first treatment year. Methods In this interventional study, we followed 111 primary care patients with newly diagnosed hypertension in real world primary care setting in Finland for 12 months. Results We found significant decrease in both systolic and diastolic blood pressure levels, as well as modest decrease in cholesterol levels and alcohol consumption. However, the health-related quality of life also slightly deteriorated during the first treatment year. Conclusions Our study shows that the initiation of hypertension treatment results in cardiovascular risk decrease among newly diagnosed Finnish hypertensive patients, but it is accompanied by small negative impact on health-related quality of life. However, the deterioration in health-related quality of life is of small magnitude and earlier research demonstrates several measures to enhance treatment and avoid impairment in health-related quality of life. Trial registration ClinicalTrials NCT02377960 (Date of registration: 04/03/2015).


2021 ◽  
Vol 20 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Ida Røed Flyum ◽  
Seila Mahic ◽  
Ellen Karine Grov ◽  
Pål Joranger

Abstract Background The occurrence of colorectal cancer has doubled over the last 50 years and many people are living with the disease in the palliative phase. Therefore, it is important that healthcare personnel have knowledge about the patient’s health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The aim of this review is to investigate how HRQoL is reported by means of different measures for patients in the palliative phase of colorectal cancer and examine which sociodemographic and clinical factors are associated with the mean scores reported for HRQoL. Method A systematic review and meta-analysis using forest plots in STATA were conducted. The databases MEDLINE, CINAHL, Embase, Amed, and SveMed+ were used for the systematic searches with combinations of terms for colorectal cancer, the palliative phase and HRQoL. The Cochrane handbook and the PRISMA checklist from 2009 were utilised. Results In total, 710 articles were identified. Eleven quantitative studies met the inclusion criteria and six were included in the meta-analysis. Five of the 11 studies had a longitudinal design, while the other six had a cross-sectional design. The meta-analyzes shows that the average HRQoL in palliative phase was 62.9 (56.8–69.0) 15D was 0.76 (0.73–0.79), EQ-5D was 0.67 (0.62–0.73), and VAS was 64.1 (53.7–74.4). Multiple sociodemographic and clinical variables were associated with HRQoL and a higher prevalence of common cancer symptoms were reported than gastrointestinal symptoms. Conclusion This systematic review revealed that patients with colorectal cancer report low HRQoL. Furthermore, it shows that what affects HRQoL is complicated, including multiple clinical and sociodemographic variables. This underlines the need for further research. To ensure the best possible care, it is important that all healthcare professionals have easy access to knowledge about HRQoL in patients with colorectal cancer, and what impacts it in the last phase of life.


2021 ◽  
pp. 175319342110456
Author(s):  
Justin D. Postma ◽  
Marius A. Kemler

In this prospective cohort study, the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) from a societal perspective of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) patients was determined and compared with other diseases. In addition, the effect of carpal tunnel release (CTR) was analysed 6 weeks postoperatively with regard to mean EQ-5D index value improvement, side-effects of surgery and cost per quality adjusted life year (QALY) gained. We found a baseline mean EQ-5D index value of 0.75 (SD: 0.23), comparable with values seen in other disease like breast cancer, diabetes and asthma. Furthermore, we found that CTR improved HRQoL substantially 6 weeks postoperatively (mean + 0.12, SD: 0.22) and significantly reduced symptom reporting (mean −52%, SD: 53) with a cost per QALY gained of €396.05. In conclusion, CTS has a comparable impact on quality of life as compared with other diseases, and CTR has the potential to substantially improve patient’s HRQoL at a fairly modest cost. Level of evidence: III


Author(s):  
Milkie Vu ◽  
Jennifer A. Makelarski ◽  
Victoria A. Winslow ◽  
Monica M. Christmas ◽  
Sadia Haider ◽  
...  

Author(s):  
Zachary Miklja ◽  
Nicolette Gabel ◽  
David Altshuler ◽  
Lin Wang ◽  
Shawn L. Hervey-Jumper ◽  
...  

2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Tahir Ahmed Hassen ◽  
Catherine Chojenta ◽  
Nicholas Egan ◽  
Deborah Loxton

Abstract Background Birth weight has a substantial effect on children’s cognitive development, physical capability, and emotional development, which in turn impact on Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL). Generally, evidence indicates that children born with low birth weight tend to have poorer proxy-reported HRQoL, particularly at school age. However, there is limited evidence on whether variation in HRQoL exists across the entire range of possible birth weights. This study aimed to examine the association between birth weight and proxy-reported HRQoL among children aged 5–10 years old. Methods Data from the 1973–78 cohort of the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women’s Health were linked with state-based Perinatal Data Collections and the Mothers and their Children’s Health study for 1,589 mothers and 2,092 children aged 5 − 10 years old. Generalized estimating equations were used to model the association between birth weight and proxy-reported HRQoL measured by the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory 4.0. Results are presented as odds ratios with 95 % confidence intervals. Results In this study, 15.61 % of children were at risk of impaired proxy-reported HRQoL. Each 100-gram increase in birth weight was associated with a 3 % reduction in the odds of impaired HRQoL (AOR = 0.97; 95 % CI: 0.94, 0.99). However, there was only limited evidence of an effect within the normal birth weight range (AOR = 0.97; 95 % CI: 0.94, 1.01). Conclusions The findings indicate that increased birth weight was protective against impaired HRQoL, although there was limited evidence of variability within the normal birth weight range. This study contributes to the existing literature by not only emphasizing the impact of low birth weight on children’s health and health-related outcomes but also by focusing on the variability within the normal birth weight range, particularly in a setting where low birth weight is less prevalent.


Author(s):  
Dóra Révész ◽  
Martijn J. L. Bours ◽  
Johannes A. Wegdam ◽  
Eric T. P. Keulen ◽  
Stéphanie O. Breukink ◽  
...  

Abstract Purpose Alcohol consumption is a major risk factor for colorectal cancer (CRC). It is currently poorly understood, however, how alcohol and different alcoholic beverage types are related to psychosocial outcomes in CRC survivors. Methods We used data of N = 910 CRC survivors from the pooled EnCoRe and PROCORE cohorts and harmonized them into five time points: at diagnosis and 3, 6, 12, and 24 months post-diagnosis. Generalized estimated equation models were used to examine longitudinal associations of alcohol consumption, including consumption of beer, wine, and liquor, with anxiety, depression, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL), while correcting for sociodemographic, lifestyle, and clinical factors. Results Survivors were on average 67 years and 37% was female. In the first 2 years post-diagnosis, survivors who consumed more alcoholic drinks/week reported lower anxiety and depressive symptoms and better HRQoL on all domains and symptom scales. This was the case for moderate and heavy amounts of alcohol and mostly for consuming beer and wine, but not for liquor. Associations were more often significant for men and for younger persons (< 67 years at baseline). Conclusions Generally, alcohol consumption was observed to be longitudinally related to less anxiety and depression and better HRQoL in CRC survivors. Implications for Cancer Survivors Although alcohol consumption is generally unfavorable due to increased risk of carcinogenesis and worse prognosis after CRC, it seems to be associated with better psychosocial outcomes in the first 2 years after diagnosis and treatment. More research is needed to gain knowledge about reasons for drinking and causality.


2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Claudia Mazzuca ◽  
Ilenia Falcinelli ◽  
Arthur-Henri Michalland ◽  
Luca Tummolini ◽  
Anna M. Borghi

AbstractSeveral studies have highlighted the flexible character of our conceptual system. However, less is known about the construction of meaning and the impact of novel concepts on the structuring of our conceptual space. We addressed these questions by collecting free listing data from Italian participants on a newly–and yet nowadays critical–introduced concept, i.e., COVID-19, during the first Italian lockdown. We also collected data for other five illness-related concepts. Our results show that COVID-19’s representation is mostly couched in the emotional sphere, predominantly evoking fear—linked to both possible health-related concerns and social-emotional ones. In contrast with initial public debates we found that participants did not assimilate COVID-19 neither completely to severe illnesses (e.g., tumor) nor completely to mild illnesses (e.g., flu). Moreover, we also found that COVID-19 has shaped conceptual relations of other concepts in the illness domain, making certain features and associations more salient (e.g., flu-fear; disease-mask). Overall, our results show for the first time how a novel, real concept molds existing conceptual relations, testifying the malleability of our conceptual system.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Marizela Kljajic ◽  
Giovanni Maltese ◽  
Peter Tarnow ◽  
Peter Sand ◽  
Lars Kölby

Abstract Background: Assessing health-related quality of life (HRQoL) allows acquisition of the subjective perspective of patients regarding their health and functioning; however, little is known about the experiences of patients living with treated craniosynostosis (CS). Methods: School-aged children (7–16 years) treated for non-syndromic CS were assessed using the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) 4.0 Generic Core Scales via both self- and proxy reports.Results: Seventy-three patients and their parents responded to the PedsQL (response rate: 80.2%). Patients generally estimated HRQoL as high, with no difference in HRQoL found between treated sagittal (SS) or metopic (MS) synostosis. In the SS group, surgical methods involving spring-assisted surgery and pi-plasty were unrelated to HRQoL outcomes. Additionally, HRQoL was highly correlated with intelligence quotient (IQ) and adaptive behavior skills (ABAS). Furthermore, we observed differences in estimated HRQoL between self- and proxy reports (i.e., parents estimated child HRQoL as higher than did the children). Conclusions: Children treated for CS have a generally high HRQoL, and neither CS type nor surgical method influenced HRQoL outcomes. Moreover, children and parents estimated HRQoL differently, suggesting the importance of using both self- and proxy reporting in patient-reported measures. We found that HRQoL was strongly related to IQ and ABAS, indicating that the PedsQL can be used as a screening instrument to identify craniofacial patients in need of further psychological assessment.


Healthcare ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (9) ◽  
pp. 1215
Author(s):  
Ming-Chi Lu ◽  
Malcolm Koo

Exercise and physical activity have been deemed as potentially beneficial for patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). This study aimed to evaluate the effects of exercise interventions on health-related quality of life in patients with SLE using a systematic review and meta-analysis. Randomized and non-randomized controlled trials published up to July 2021 were examined using the PubMed and Embase databases. Of the 1158 articles retrieved, nine were included for systematic review. Five of them were randomized controlled trials and these were assessed using meta-analysis. Hedges’ g effect size was 0.47; 95% (confidence interval 0.21–0.73; p < 0.001) for the physical health and function aspect of health-related quality of life. None of the other seven domains of the SF-36 showed a significant effect size. However, the latter finding was limited by the small number of available trials. In conclusion, this systematic review and meta-analysis supported that exercise intervention compared to usual care might be able to improve the physical functioning domain of health-related quality of life in patients with SLE. Future high-quality randomized controlled trials that incorporate disease-specific health-related quality of life measures are needed to elucidate the role of exercise on health-related quality of life in patients with SLE.


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