pelvic floor
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2022 ◽  
Vol 7 (2) ◽  
pp. 114-120
Zinat Ghanbari ◽  
Marzieh Hajibabaei ◽  
Elaheh Miri Ashtiani ◽  
Azita Ghanbarpour ◽  
Ali Montazeri ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
pp. 29-34
Hiroyo Kamio ◽  
Hitoshi Maruyama ◽  
Nozomi Ito ◽  
Mako Kunieda ◽  
Ayaka Chiba ◽  

Claudia Pignatti Frederice ◽  
Luiz Gustavo Oliveira Brito ◽  
Helymar Costa Machado ◽  
Amanda Martins Reis ◽  
Juliana Oliveira Fernandes ◽  

Hernia ◽  
2022 ◽  
C. R. Kowalik ◽  
S. E. Zwolsman ◽  
A. Malekzadeh ◽  
R. M. H. Roumen ◽  
W. A. R. Zwaans ◽  

Abstract Purpose The surgical implantation of polypropylene (PP) meshes has been linked to the occurrence of systemic autoimmune disorders. We performed a systematic review to determine whether PP implants for inguinal, ventral hernia or pelvic floor surgery are associated with the development of systemic autoimmune syndromes. Methods We searched Embase, Medline, Web of Science, Scopus, Cochrane library,, and WHO-ICTR platform. Last search was performed on November 24th 2021. All types of studies reporting systemic inflammatory/autoimmune response in patients having a PP implant for either pelvic floor surgery, ventral or inguinal hernia repair were included. Animal studies, case reports and articles without full text were excluded. We intended to perform a meta-analysis. The quality of evidence was assessed with the Newcastle–Ottawa Scale. This study was registered at Prospero (CRD42020220705). Results Of 2137 records identified, 4 were eligible. Two retrospective matched cohort studies focused on mesh surgery for vaginal prolapse or inguinal hernia compared to hysterectomy and colonoscopy, respectively. One cohort study compared the incidence of systemic conditions in women having urinary incontinence surgery with and without mesh. These reports had a low risk of bias. A meta-analysis showed no association when comparing systemic disease between mesh and control groups. Calculated risk ratio was 0.9 (95% CI 0.82–0.98). The fourth study was a case series with a high risk of bias, with a sample of 714 patients with systemic disease, 40 of whom had PP mesh implanted. Conclusion There is no evidence to suggest a causal relationship between being implanted with a PP mesh and the occurrence of autoimmune disorders.

2022 ◽  
Silvia Giagio ◽  
Andrea Turolla ◽  
Tiziano Innocenti ◽  
Stefano Salvioli ◽  
Giulia Gava ◽  

Background/aim: Several epidemiological studies have found a high prevalence of Pelvic Floor Dysfunction (PFD) among female athletes. However, according to several authors, these data could even be underestimated, both in research and clinical practice. Screening for potential PFD is often delayed and risk factors are not often evaluated. As a consequence, withdrawal from sport, negative influence on performance, worsening symptoms and unrecognized diagnosis may occur. The aim of our research is to develop a screening tool for pelvic floor dysfunction in female athletes useful for clinicians (musculoskeletal/sport physiotherapists, sports medicine physicians, team physicians) to guide referral to a PFD expert (e.g. pelvic floor/women's health physiotherapist, gynecologist, uro-gynecologist, urologist). Methods: A 2-round modified Delphi study will be conducted to ascertain expert opinion on which combination of variables and risk factors should be included in the screening tool. Conclusion: The implementation of the present screening tool into clinical practice may facilitate the referral to a PFD expert for further assessment of the pelvic floor and therefore, to identify potential dysfunction and, eventually, the related treatment pathway.

Diego Raimondo ◽  
Laura Cocchi ◽  
Antonio Raffone ◽  
Simona Del Forno ◽  
Raffaella Iodice ◽  

2022 ◽  
Josef Martin Tatschl ◽  
Andreas Schwerdtfeger

Resonance breathing (RB) has been shown to improve psychophysiological health and performance within clinical and non-clinical populations. This is attributed to its baroreflex stimulating effects and the concomitant increase in cardiac vagal activation (CVA). Hence, developing methods that strengthen the CVA boosting effect of RB could improve its clinical effectiveness. Therefore, we assessed whether supplementing RB with coherent pelvic floor activation (PRB), which has been shown to entrain the baroreflex, yields stronger CVA than standard RB. N = 32 participants performed 5-minutes of RB and PRB, which requires to recruit the pelvic floor during inhalation and release it at the initiation of the expiration. CVA was indexed via heart rate variability using RMSSD and LF-HRV. PRB induced significantly larger RMSSD (d = 1.04) and LF-HRV (d = 0.75, ps < .001) compared to RB. Our results indicate that coherent pelvic floor recruitment during RB enhances its CVA boosting effects in healthy individuals. However, subsequent studies are warranted to evaluate whether these first findings can be replicated in individuals with compromised health, including a more comprehensive psychophysiological assessment to potentially elucidate the origin of the promising effects. Importantly, longitudinal studies need to address whether the additional CVA during PRB translates to better treatment outcomes.

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