Pelvic Floor
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Author(s):  
K Kamatchi. ◽  
S Naveen kumar. ◽  
G Tharani. ◽  
G Yuvarani. ◽  
I Deepa. ◽  
...  

To compare the effects of pelvic floor muscle exercise and abdominal muscle training, breathing exercises and abdominal massage in children with functional constipation. Functional constipation is one the most common gastrointestinal condition in pediatrics practice with an estimation prevalence ranging from 0.7% to 29.6%. It has a multifactorial pathophysiology mainly consisting of stool with holding and delayed colonic transit.30 subjects who met theRome-III criteriafor pediatric functional constipationwere randomly divided into 2 groups. Group-A was trained with pelvic floor muscle exercise along with squat walking for 5 min under supervision of parents. Exercise duration was increased 5 min per week, for two consecutive weeks and remained the same for the next six weeks and Kegels was performed for 10 seconds. Group-B was given isometric training of the abdominal muscle which was carried out in two ways. The patient was either lying down in a left lateral decubitus position with the hip and knee flexed at 90° with two series of eight contractions and relaxations until the third week and was then increased to two series of 12 contractions and relaxations for 6 weeks. In the sitting or lying down method, training began with one series of three contractions and relaxations lasting 10 s which was increased to five repetitions in the third week until the sixth week along with abdomen tuck-in exercise. Diaphragmatic breathing and abdominal massage was given to both groups in common. The intervention of the study was about 8 weeks.Results of statistical analysis showed that both Pelvic Floor Muscle Exercises and Abdominal Muscle Training are effective in treating functional constipation among children. However pelvic floor muscle exercise was better than abdominal muscle training on the basis of Wexner Construction Scoring System


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Stacey Haukeland-Parker ◽  
Bente Frisk ◽  
Martijn A Spruit ◽  
Signe Nilssen Stafne ◽  
Hege Hølmo Johannessen

Abstract BackgroundLittle is known regarding treatment of urinary incontinence (UI) in women with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The aim of the study was to explore the efficacy of pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) or cough-suppression techniques (CST) on UI in women with COPD.MethodsA three armed, two centred, single blinded, randomised controlled study was performed. Subjects were randomised to a) PFMT for 16 weeks, b) 2-3 educational sessions in CST, or c) written information only. All participants completed questionnaires about UI, cough symptoms and health status, and underwent clinical examinations to evaluate strength of the pelvic floor muscles and exercise capacity. Daily physical activity levels were measured using an activity monitor, and lung function with spirometry. With a significance level of 5% and an 80% chance of detecting a significant difference between groups of 2.5 points on the ICIQ UI SF score, our sample size calculation showed that a total of 78 women, 26 in each group, was required to complete the study. ResultsDuring the period 2016 to 2018, 95 women were invited to the study. A total of 42 were recruited, 3 were excluded and 10 (24%) dropped out during the follow-up period. Mean ICIQ-UI SF total baseline score was 9.6 (range: 1-17) and 7.0 (range: 0-16) at follow up. Significant changes in subjective UI as measured with the ICIQ-UI SF questionnaire were seen in the PFMT group (p=0.03) and control group (p=0.02), but not in the CST group (p=0.46).Conclusionue to the low number of available participants and recruitment difficulties including practical issues such as travel distance, lack of interest, poor state of health and high number of comorbidities, our results are inconclusive. However, reduced subjective UI was observed in the PFMT and control groups with a trend towards best effect in the PFMT group. Screening for UI is advisable in all women with COPD to be able to identify and treat these women to reduce symptom burden and improve quality of life. Future studies should focus on barriers to recruitment as well as randomised controlled studies with larger sample sizes. Trial registrationThe study is registered on ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT02614105).


2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (21) ◽  
pp. 4807
Author(s):  
Aleksandra Kamińska ◽  
Katarzyna Skorupska ◽  
Agnieszka Kubik-Komar ◽  
Konrad Futyma ◽  
Joanna Filipczak ◽  
...  

There are still controversies around reconstructive surgeries used in POP treatment. The aim of this study was to compare the QoSL after VNTR vs. TVM surgery due to POP via the use of PISQ-12 and FSFI questionnaires. The study included a group of 121 sexually active patients qualified for reconstructive surgery due to symptomatic POP, and 50 control. The average results of PISQ-12 before and after surgery were compared using the t-test. The significance of the mean differences in demographic groups was measured using the t test for independent samples and one-way ANOVA. The results in the demographic groups were compared using the Mann–Whitney U test and the Kruskal–Wallis test. Fifty-eight women had VNTR, while 63 had TVM. Results of PISQ-12 revealed significant improvement in the sexual life after reconstructive surgery (27.24 vs. 32.43; p < 0.001, t = 8.48) both after VNTR and TVM. There were no significant differences in the assessment of the QoSL according to PISQ-12 and FSFI results between both analyzed groups of patients (PISQ-12: VNTR vs. TVM; t-test p = 0.19 and FSFI: VNTR vs. TVM; Mann–Whitney U test p = 0.54). VNTR is the treatment of choice in the case of uncomplicated primary POP.


Author(s):  
Rongrong Xuan ◽  
Mingshuwen Yang ◽  
Yajie Gao ◽  
Shuaijun Ren ◽  
Jialin Li ◽  
...  

Pelvic floor disorder (PFD) is a common disease affecting the quality of life of middle-aged and elderly women. Pelvic floor muscle (PFM) damage is related to delivery mode, fetal size, and parity. Spontaneous vaginal delivery causes especially great damage to PFM. The purpose of this study was to summarize the characteristics of PFM action during the second stage of labor by collecting female pelvic MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) data and, further, to try to investigate the potential pathogenetic mechanism of PFD. A three-dimensional model was established to study the influence factors and characteristics of PFM strength. In the second stage of labor, the mechanical responses, possible damage, and the key parts of postpartum lesions of PFM due to the different fetal biparietal diameter (BPD) sizes were analyzed by finite element simulations. The research results showed that the peak stress and strain of PFM appeared at one-half of the delivery period and at the attachment point of the pubococcygeus to the skeleton. In addition, during the simulation process, the pubococcygeus was stretched by about 1.2 times and the levator ani muscle was stretched by more than two-fold. There was also greater stress and strain in the middle area of the levator ani muscle and pubococcygeus. According to the statistics, either being too young or in old maternal age will increase the probability of postpartum PFM injury. During delivery, the entire PFM underwent the huge deformation, in which the levator ani muscle and the pubococcygeus were seriously stretched and the attachment point between the pubococcygeus and the skeleton were the places with the highest probability of postpartum lesions.


2021 ◽  
Vol 30 (18) ◽  
pp. S18-S29
Author(s):  
Angela Gregory

Female sexual dysfunction can greatly affect a woman's quality of life. Affected patients need a comprehensive assessment that includes taking a sexual history, medical evaluation and, if appropriate, a manual examination in order to diagnose, treat or identify factors relevant for each individual woman. There may be biological, psychological, emotional and relationship issues. Any biological factors such as vaginal dryness, pelvic floor dysfunction or chronic pain need to be addressed first to help prevent more complex problems developing. Sexual problems may be the cause of or the result of dysfunctional or unsatisfactory relationships. Psychological and emotional factors can create difficulties in sexual response and, equally, they can be the result of unaddressed or untreated biological/medical issues. Nurses working in urology need to be aware of the physiology involved in sexual response and know which conditions and illnesses are likely to affect sexual functioning and which treatments can help.


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