location based social networks
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2022 ◽  
Vol 40 (3) ◽  
pp. 1-29
Meng Chen ◽  
Lei Zhu ◽  
Ronghui Xu ◽  
Yang Liu ◽  
Xiaohui Yu ◽  

Venue categories used in location-based social networks often exhibit a hierarchical structure, together with the category sequences derived from users’ check-ins. The two data modalities provide a wealth of information for us to capture the semantic relationships between those categories. To understand the venue semantics, existing methods usually embed venue categories into low-dimensional spaces by modeling the linear context (i.e., the positional neighbors of the given category) in check-in sequences. However, the hierarchical structure of venue categories, which inherently encodes the relationships between categories, is largely untapped. In this article, we propose a venue C ategory E mbedding M odel named Hier-CEM , which generates a latent representation for each venue category by embedding the Hier archical structure of categories and utilizing multiple types of context. Specifically, we investigate two kinds of hierarchical context based on any given venue category hierarchy and show how to model them together with the linear context collaboratively. We apply Hier-CEM to three tasks on two real check-in datasets collected from Foursquare. Experimental results show that Hier-CEM is better at capturing both semantic and sequential information inherent in venues than state-of-the-art embedding methods.

2022 ◽  
Vol 16 (2) ◽  
pp. 1-31
Lucas Santos De Oliveira ◽  
Pedro O. S. Vaz-De-Melo ◽  
Aline Carneiro Viana

The pervasiveness of smartphones has shaped our lives, social norms, and the structure that dictates human behavior. They now directly influence how individuals demand resources or interact with network services. From this scenario, identifying key locations in cities is fundamental for the investigation of human mobility and also for the understanding of social problems. In this context, we propose the first graph-based methodology in the literature to quantify the power of Point-of-Interests (POIs) over its vicinity by means of user mobility trajectories. Different from literature, we consider the flow of people in our analysis, instead of the number of neighbor POIs or their structural locations in the city. Thus, we modeled POI’s visits using the multiflow graph model where each POI is a node and the transitions of users among POIs are a weighted direct edge. Using this multiflow graph model, we compute the attract, support, and independence powers . The attract power and support power measure how many visits a POI gathers from and disseminate over its neighborhood, respectively. Moreover, the independence power captures the capacity of a POI to receive visitors independently from other POIs. We tested our methodology on well-known university campus mobility datasets and validated on Location-Based Social Networks (LBSNs) datasets from various cities around the world. Our findings show that in university campus: (i) buildings have low support power and attract power ; (ii) people tend to move over a few buildings and spend most of their time in the same building; and (iii) there is a slight dependence among buildings, even those with high independence power receive user visits from other buildings on campus. Globally, we reveal that (i) our metrics capture places that impact the number of visits in their neighborhood; (ii) cities in the same continent have similar independence patterns; and (iii) places with a high number of visitation and city central areas are the regions with the highest degree of independence.

2022 ◽  
Vol 40 (2) ◽  
pp. 1-22
Yue Cui ◽  
Hao Sun ◽  
Yan Zhao ◽  
Hongzhi Yin ◽  
Kai Zheng

Accurately recommending the next point of interest (POI) has become a fundamental problem with the rapid growth of location-based social networks. However, sparse, imbalanced check-in data and diverse user check-in patterns pose severe challenges for POI recommendation tasks. Knowledge-aware models are known to be primary in leveraging these problems. However, as most knowledge graphs are constructed statically, sequential information is yet integrated. In this work, we propose a meta-learned sequential-knowledge-aware recommender (Meta-SKR), which utilizes sequential, spatio-temporal, and social knowledge to recommend the next POI for a location-based social network user. The framework mainly contains four modules. First, in the graph construction module, a novel type of knowledge graph—the sequential knowledge graph, which is sensitive to the check-in order of POIs—is built to model users’ check-in patterns. To deal with the problem of data sparsity, a meta-learning module based on latent embedding optimization is then introduced to generate user-conditioned parameters of the subsequent sequential-knowledge-aware embedding module, where representation vectors of entities (nodes) and relations (edges) are learned. In this embedding module, gated recurrent units are adapted to distill intra- and inter-sequential knowledge graph information. We also design a novel knowledge-aware attention mechanism to capture information surrounding a given node. Finally, POI recommendation is provided by inferring potential links of knowledge graphs in the prediction module. Evaluations on three real-world check-in datasets show that Meta-SKR can achieve high recommendation accuracy even with sparse data.

2022 ◽  
Vol 40 (2) ◽  
pp. 1-28
Hao Wang ◽  
Defu Lian ◽  
Hanghang Tong ◽  
Qi Liu ◽  
Zhenya Huang ◽  

Social recommendation has achieved great success in many domains including e-commerce and location-based social networks. Existing methods usually explore the user-item interactions or user-user connections to predict users’ preference behaviors. However, they usually learn both user and item representations in Euclidean space, which has large limitations for exploring the latent hierarchical property in the data. In this article, we study a novel problem of hyperbolic social recommendation, where we aim to learn the compact but strong representations for both users and items. Meanwhile, this work also addresses two critical domain-issues, which are under-explored. First, users often make trade-offs with multiple underlying aspect factors to make decisions during their interactions with items. Second, users generally build connections with others in terms of different aspects, which produces different influences with aspects in social network. To this end, we propose a novel graph neural network (GNN) framework with multiple aspect learning, namely, HyperSoRec. Specifically, we first embed all users, items, and aspects into hyperbolic space with superior representations to ensure their hierarchical properties. Then, we adapt a GNN with novel multi-aspect message-passing-receiving mechanism to capture different influences among users. Next, to characterize the multi-aspect interactions of users on items, we propose an adaptive hyperbolic metric learning method by introducing learnable interactive relations among different aspects. Finally, we utilize the hyperbolic translational distance to measure the plausibility in each user-item pair for recommendation. Experimental results on two public datasets clearly demonstrate that our HyperSoRec not only achieves significant improvement for recommendation performance but also shows better representation ability in hyperbolic space with strong robustness and reliability.

2022 ◽  
Vol 40 (1) ◽  
pp. 1-22
Hongyu Zang ◽  
Dongcheng Han ◽  
Xin Li ◽  
Zhifeng Wan ◽  
Mingzhong Wang

Next Point-of-interest (POI) recommendation is a key task in improving location-related customer experiences and business operations, but yet remains challenging due to the substantial diversity of human activities and the sparsity of the check-in records available. To address these challenges, we proposed to explore the category hierarchy knowledge graph of POIs via an attention mechanism to learn the robust representations of POIs even when there is insufficient data. We also proposed a spatial-temporal decay LSTM and a Discrete Fourier Series-based periodic attention to better facilitate the capturing of the personalized behavior pattern. Extensive experiments on two commonly adopted real-world location-based social networks (LBSNs) datasets proved that the inclusion of the aforementioned modules helps to boost the performance of next and next new POI recommendation tasks significantly. Specifically, our model in general outperforms other state-of-the-art methods by a large margin.

2022 ◽  
Pablo Sánchez ◽  
Alejandro Bellogín

Point-of-Interest recommendation is an increasing research and developing area within the widely adopted technologies known as Recommender Systems. Among them, those that exploit information coming from Location-Based Social Networks (LBSNs) are very popular nowadays and could work with different information sources, which pose several challenges and research questions to the community as a whole. We present a systematic review focused on the research done in the last 10 years about this topic. We discuss and categorize the algorithms and evaluation methodologies used in these works and point out the opportunities and challenges that remain open in the field. More specifically, we report the leading recommendation techniques and information sources that have been exploited more often (such as the geographical signal and deep learning approaches) while we also alert about the lack of reproducibility in the field that may hinder real performance improvements.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
pp. 19
Arianna D’Ulizia ◽  
Patrizia Grifoni ◽  
Fernando Ferri

The increasing use of social media and the recent advances in geo-positioning technologies have produced a great amount of geosocial data, consisting of spatial, textual, and social information, to be managed and queried. In this paper, we focus on the issue of query processing by providing a systematic literature review of geosocial data representations, query processing methods, and evaluation approaches published over the last two decades (2000–2020). The result of our analysis shows the categories of geosocial queries proposed by the surveyed studies, the query primitives and the kind of access method used to retrieve the result of the queries, the common evaluation metrics and datasets used to evaluate the performance of the query processing methods, and the main open challenges that should be faced in the near future. Due to the ongoing interest in this research topic, the results of this survey are valuable to many researchers and practitioners by gaining an in-depth understanding of the geosocial querying process and its applications and possible future perspectives.

2021 ◽  
Xu Jiao ◽  
Yingyuan Xiao ◽  
Wenguang Zheng ◽  
Ke Zhu

Abstract With the rapid development of location-based social networks(LBSNs), point-of-interest(POI) recommendation has become an important way to meet the personalized needs of users. The purpose of POI recommendation is to provide personalized POI recommendation services for users. However, general POI recommendations cannot meet the individual needs of users. This is mainly because the decision-making process for users to choose POIs is very complicated and will be affected by various user contexts such as time, location, etc. This paper proposes a next POI recommendation method that integrates geospatial and temporal preferences, called IGTP. Compared with general POI recommendation, IGTP can provide more personalized recommendations for users according to their context information. First, IGTP uses users' preferences information to model users' check-in histories to effectively overcome the challenge of extremely sparse check-in data. Secondly, IGTP takes into account the geographic distance and density factors that affect people's choice of POIs, and limits POIs to be recommended to the potential activitive area centered on the current location of the target user. Finally, IGTP integrates geospatial and users' temporal preferences information into a unified recommendation process. Compared with six advanced baseline methods, the experimental results demonstrate that IGTP achieves much better performance.

2021 ◽  
shuang wang ◽  
Bowei Wang ◽  
Shuai Yao ◽  
Jiangqin Qu ◽  
Yuezheng Pan

Abstract Location prediction has attracted wide attention in human mobility prediction because of the popularity of location-based social networks. Existing location prediction methods have achieved remarkable development in centrally stored datasets. However, these datasets contain privacy data about user behaviors and may cause privacy issues. A location prediction method is proposed in our work to predict human movement behavior using federated learning techniques in which the data is stored in different clients and different clients cooperate to train to extract useful users’ behavior information and prevent the disclosure of privacy. Firstly, we put forward an innovative spatial-temporal location prediction framework(STLPF) for location prediction by integrating spatial-temporal information in local and global views on each client, and propose a new loss function to optimize the model. Secondly, we design a new personalized federated learning framework in which clients can cooperatively train their personalized models in the absence of a global model. Finally, the numerous experimental results on check-in datasets further show that our privacy-protected method is superior and more effective than various baseline approaches.

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