The use of anesthetics is inevitable to suppress seizure activity in refractory status epilepticus (RSE). Hypotension, which is a critical side effect observed when treating RSE using a higher dosage of anesthetics that enhance γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) activity, often requires vasopressor agents. Concomitant treatment with N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonists, such as ketamine, could be effective in prolonged refractory SE, while maintaining stable blood pressure owing to the blockage of catecholamine reuptake in the systemic circulation. We report two cases of patients who had RSE with hemodynamic instability treated promptly with an early combination of ketamine and low-dose midazolam. The combination treatment effectively suppressed epileptic discharge with less hemodynamic side effects; moreover, a low dose of midazolam was required when combined with ketamine therapy. The initial combination of a third-line therapy that blocks NMDA receptors with enhanced GABAergic activity could be useful in RSE. Further studies are necessary in many variable etiologies of SE.