Medium Chain
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2021 ◽  
Vol 48 (2) ◽  
pp. 96-98
S.M. Abdullahi ◽  
H.W. Idris ◽  
S.M. Mado ◽  
A.H. Sadiku ◽  
A. Alfa ◽  

Congenital chylous ascites (CCA) is a rare disease that results from the maldevelopment of the intra-abdominal lymphatic system. Due to the rarity of congenital chylous ascites and the lack of standards in diagnosis and therapy, this disease constitutes a medical challenge and individual therapy seems to be extremely important. A 3-month-old girl diagnosed with congenital chylous ascites. She was managed initially with nil per oral, parenteral nutrition, medium chain triglyceride (MCT) containing oil and abdominal paracentesis, followed by octreotide. Medium chain triglyceride formula, the main stay of management was discontinued with gradual reintroduction of breast feeds. This case was selected due to the rarity of CCA and the lack of standards in the diagnosis and therapy.

2021 ◽  
Vol 99 (Supplement_3) ◽  
pp. 35-36
Stacie Crowder ◽  
Roman Pogranichniy ◽  
Brenda DeRodas ◽  
Karnezos Peter ◽  
J S S Radcliffe

Abstract Porcine reproductive respiratory syndrome virus (PPRSV) costs the U.S. Swine Industry an estimated $664 million annually. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of medium chain fatty acids (MCFA) on PRRSV replication in M-145 cells. Two experiments were conducted to 1) evaluate the use of individual MCFAs (C6, C8, C10), and 2) evaluate MCFA combinations (C8/C10, C10/C12, C8/C10/C12) on viral replication of PRRSV. Experiment one used individual MCFAs at 7 concentrations from 1-1000µg/ml compared to a control. Experiment two used MCFA combinations at 6 different concentrations from 50–500µg/ml compared to a control. North American Type II P-129 PRRSV and European Type I Lelystad PRRSV strains were used. Viral replication was determined using FITC labeled IgG anti-PRRSV monoclonal antibody and TCID50 was calculated for each treatment concentration using 5 wells per treatment at each virus concentration with plates run in triplicate. Data were analyzed using Proc Mixed procedures of SAS. In experiment 1, C6 had no effect on replication of PRRSV in M145 cells. C8 induced a 3.02 and 2.02 log reduction in TCID50 for type I and type II virus strains, respectively (P < 0.01) at 1000µg/ml. C10 induced a 2.85 and 3.23 log reduction in TCID50 for type I and type II virus strains, respectively (P < 0.01) at 300µg/ml. In experiment 2, C8/C10 induced a 1.9 and 2.2 log reduction in TCID50 for type I and type II virus strains, respectively (P < 0.01) at 200µg/ml. C10/C12 resulted in a 3.37 and 2.14 log reduction in TCID50 at 200µg/ml for type I and type II virus strains, respectively (P < 0.01). C8/C10/C12 resulted in a 1.34 and 1.56 log reduction in TCID50 at 200µg/ml for type I and type II virus strains (P < 0.01), respectively.

2021 ◽  
Vol 901 ◽  
pp. 73-78
Worawut Kriangkrai ◽  
Pitchayut Sararuk ◽  
Thanawat Tothong ◽  
Nattakanwadee Khumpirapang ◽  
Sakchai Wittaya-Areekul

Medium chain triglycerides (MCT) are important substrates of the energy metabolism and anabolic processes in mammals. In this study, MCT-rich oil was encapsulated in the mixing ratios of maltodextrin and protein by spray drying to produce spray-dried MCT-rich oil (SMCT). Spray-dried conditions were an inlet temperature of 200 °C, an outlet temperature of 90 °C, and a flow rate of 0.70 L/h. Box–Behnken experimental design and response surface methodology were applied for modeling the influence of formulation variables on powder recovery of SMCT. The key variables were concentration of maltodextrin (10-30% W/W), total protein (5–15% w/w), and MCT-rich oil (5–15% w/w). The microparticles were characterized in terms of particle morphology, yield, Carr's index, moisture content, flowability, hygroscopicity, and powder diffraction. The highest yield of SMCT was 41.19% obtained under the optimized conditions (maltodextrin concentration of 15% w/w, total protein concentration of 8% w/w, MCT-rich oil concentration of 15%). Experimentally obtained values were consistent with those predicted by the model, indicating the suitability of the employed model and the success of the model in optimizing the formulation.

Tao Liu ◽  
Liangyong Guo ◽  
Ye Zhangying ◽  
Shengyue Ruan ◽  
Wangxin Liu ◽  

Molecules ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 26 (19) ◽  
pp. 6029
Lara El-Hawari ◽  
Heike Bunjes

Premix membrane emulsification is a promising method for the production of colloidal oil-in-water emulsions as drug carrier systems for intravenous administration. The present study investigated the possibility of preparing medium-chain triglyceride emulsions with a mean particle size below 100 nm and a narrow particle size distribution using sucrose laurate as an emulsifier. To manufacture the emulsions, a coarse pre-emulsion was repeatedly extruded through alumina membranes (Anodisc™) of 200 nm, 100 nm and 20 nm nominal pore size. When Anodisc™ membranes with 20 nm pore size were employed, nanoemulsions with z-average diameters of about 50 nm to 90 nm and polydispersity indices smaller than 0.08 could be obtained. Particle growth due to Ostwald ripening was observed over 18 weeks of storage. The Ostwald ripening rate linearly depended on the emulsifier concentration and the concentration of free emulsifier, indicating that micelles in the aqueous phase accelerated the Ostwald ripening process. Long-term stability of the nanoemulsions could be achieved by using a minimised emulsifier concentration or by osmotic stabilisation with soybean oil added in a mass ratio of 1:1 to the lipid phase.

2021 ◽  
Vol 429 ◽  
pp. 119567
Jana Ponce ◽  
Erin Cameron-Smith ◽  
John Bertoni ◽  
Jenna Wuebker ◽  
Danish Bhatti ◽  

Agriculture ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (10) ◽  
pp. 928
Giovanni Niero ◽  
Tania Bobbo ◽  
Simone Callegaro ◽  
Giulio Visentin ◽  
Cristina Pornaro ◽  

The change in feeding regime of dairy herds using summer grazing in mountainous areas has several implications on cows’ productivity and milk composition. The present study quantified the effect of summer grazing on the milk fatty acids (FA) profile of Simmental and crossbred cows in an alpine holding. A total of 616 milk samples of 71 cows were collected 3 days before the onset of the grazing season until 91 days of grazing. Individual and groups of FA were quantified through mid-infrared spectroscopy. Data were analysed using a linear mixed model including the fixed effects of breed, stage of lactation, parity, sampling period, and the random effects of cows nested within breed and the residual. The stage of lactation and the sampling period were the most significant factors associated with milk FA. The variance explained by the random cow effect ranged from 15.10% (C18:1) to 25.31% (medium-chain FA). The concentration of C14:0, C16:0, and short- and medium-chain FA decreased across the summer season. Long-chain FA and polyunsaturated FA concentrations were greater in milk obtained at pasture compared with milk obtained indoors. Given these outcomes, the present study demonstrated the positive effect of grazing on milk FA composition from a nutraceutical point of view.

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