newtonian fluids
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2022 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Ayegbusi Dami Florence

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to consider the simultaneous flow of Casson Williamson non Newtonian fluids in a vertical porous medium under the influence of variable thermos-physical parameters. Design/methodology/approach The model equations are a set of partial differential equations (PDEs). These PDEs were transformed into a non-dimensionless form using suitable non-dimensional quantities. The transformed equations were solved numerically using an iterative method called spectral relaxation techniques. The spectral relaxation technique is an iterative method that uses the Gauss-Seidel approach in discretizing and linearizing the set of equations. Findings It was found out in the study that a considerable number of variable viscosity parameter leads to decrease in the velocity and temperature profiles. Increase in the variable thermal conductivity parameter degenerates the velocity as well as temperature profiles. Hence, the variable thermo-physical parameters greatly influence the non-Newtonian fluids flow. Originality/value This study considered the simultaneous flow of Casson-Williamson non-Newtonian fluids by considering the fluid thermal properties to vary within the fluid layers. To the best of the author’s knowledge, such study has not been considered in literature.

Ahmet Onder ◽  
Rafet Yapici ◽  
Omer Incebay

The use of substitute fluid with similar rheological properties instead of blood is important due to ethical concerns and high blood volume consumption in pump performance test before clinical applications. The performance of a centrifugal blood pump with hydrodynamic journal bearing is experimentally tested using Newtonian 40% aqueous glycerin solution (GS) and non-Newtonian aqueous xanthan gum solution of 600 ppm (XGS) as working fluids. Experiments are performed at four different rotational speeds which are 2700, 3000, 3300, and 3600 rpm; experiments using GS reach between 8.5% and 37.2% higher head curve than experiments using the XGS for every rotational speed. It was observed that as the rotational speed and flow rate increase, the head curve difference between GS and XGS decreases. This result can be attributed to the friction reduction effect when using XGS in experiments at high rotation speed and high flow rate. Moreover, due to different fluid viscosities, differences in hydraulic efficiency were observed for both fluids. This study reveals that the use of Newtonian fluids as working fluids is not sufficient to determine the actual performance of a blood pump, and the performance effects of non-Newtonian fluids are remarkably important in pump performance optimizations.

2022 ◽  
Vol 165 ◽  
pp. 107261
Xingwei Wang ◽  
Luyao Bao ◽  
Jun Wen ◽  
Daniele Dini ◽  
Jianbin Zhang ◽  

Computation ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (12) ◽  
pp. 144
Iosif Moulinos ◽  
Christos Manopoulos ◽  
Sokrates Tsangaris

Peristaltic motion arises in many physiological, medical, pharmaceutical and industrial processes. Control of the fluid volume rate and pressure is crucial for pumping applications, such as the infusion of intravenous liquid drugs, blood transportation, etc. In this study, a simulation of peristaltic flow is presented in which occlusion is imposed by pairs of circular rollers that squeeze a deformable channel connected to a reservoir with constant fluid pressure. Naturally, this kind of flow is laminar; hence, the computation occurred in this context. The effect of the number and speed of the pairs of rollers, as well as that of the intrapair roller gap, is investigated. Non-Newtonian fluids are considered, and the effect of the shear-thinning behavior degree is examined. The volumetric flow rate is found to increase with an increase in the number of rollers or in the relative occlusion. A reduction in the Bird–Carreau power index resulted in a small reduction in transport efficiency. The characteristic of the pumping was computed, i.e., the induced pressure as a function of the fluid volume rate. A strong positive correlation exists between relative occlusion and induced pressure. Shear-thinning behavior significantly decreases the developed pressure compared to Newtonian fluids. The immersed boundary method on curvilinear coordinates is adapted and validated for non-Newtonian fluids.

Materials ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (24) ◽  
pp. 7601
Beatriz Arauzo ◽  
Álvaro González-Garcinuño ◽  
Antonio Tabernero ◽  
María Pilar Lobera ◽  
Jesús Santamaría ◽  

A new approach based on the atomization of non-Newtonian fluids has been proposed to produce microparticles for a potential inhalation route. In particular, different solutions of alginate were atomized on baths of different crosslinkers, piperazine and barium chloride, obtaining microparticles around 5 and 40 microns, respectively. These results were explained as a consequence of the different viscoelastic properties, since oscillatory analysis indicated that the formed hydrogel beads with barium chloride had a higher storage modulus (1000 Pa) than the piperazine ones (20 Pa). Pressure ratio (polymer solution-air) was identified as a key factor, and it should be from 0.85 to 1.00 to ensure a successful atomization, obtaining the smallest particle size at intermediate pressures. Finally, a numerical study based on dimensionless numbers was performed to predict particle size depending on the conditions. These results highlight that it is possible to control the microparticles size by modifying either the viscoelasticity of the hydrogel or the experimental conditions of atomization. Some experimental conditions (using piperazine) reduce the particle size up to 5 microns and therefore allow their use by aerosol inhalation.

Nurul Zuhairah Mahmud Zuhudi ◽  
Firdaus Aqil Mohd Fadzil ◽  
Muzafar Zulkifli ◽  
Ahmad Naim Ahmad Yahaya ◽  
Nurhayati Mohd Nur ◽  

Rheological behaviour is an important factor affecting the flow behaviour of a fluid and many aspects related to this, mainly in the manufacturing process of fiber reinforced composites, either for Newtonian fluids or non-Newtonian fluids. During impregnation process, the viscosity changes with temperatures and their strain rate, has influenced the resin flow behaviour during curing process. In this paper, a review on the rheological studies of fiber reinforced composites for both, synthetic and natural based fibers, respectively, are presented. In addition to that, this review paper highlighting a few research studies conducted in literature on the main factors that affecting the rheological quality and performance of the composites. The aims of this review, mainly to capture the trend ranging from the recent five years back and summarize the various studies via experimental, theoretical or modelling works. Furthermore, also aiming to provide an ideal baseline information in the selection of the methods regarding rheological study to ensure better quality of pre-preg product and fibre reinforced composites can be produced in the author’s future work.

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