Catheter Ablation
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2021 ◽  
Vol 27 (3) ◽  
pp. 113-122
Vassil Traykov ◽  
Tchavdar Shalganov ◽  
Lyubomir Dimitrov ◽  
Anna Kaneva ◽  
Stojan Lazarov ◽  

We present the case of a 23-year-old male diagnosed with a complex congenital heart disease (with single ventricle physiology) which necessitated many surgical interventions including total cavopulmonary connection. The patient presents with recurrent (almost daily) highly symptomatic atrial tachycardia with rapid ventricular rate and poor haemodynamic tolerance. Due to failure of antiarrhythmic drug therapy the patient was referred for catheter ablation. Atrial access was provided following transconduit puncture with a standard transseptal set. Crossing to the atrium with the transseptal introducer was not successful due to resistance from the conduit and the atrial wall. Therefore, balloon dilation of the puncture using a cutting balloon was carried out which resulted in easy crossing to the atrium with a steerable transseptal introducer. Several atrial tachyarrhythmias were induced two of which allowed mapping demonstrating a macroreentrant tachycardia dependent on the cavoannular isthmus as well as a complex fi gure-of-eight circuit involving right pulmonary veins and the right atrial appendage. Linear lesions transecting the critical isthmuses of the two circuits were delivered which rendered the patient noninducible. During a 9-month follow-up period the patient remained arrhythmia free.

2021 ◽  
pp. 1-18
M. Bergonti

Heart ◽  
2021 ◽  
pp. heartjnl-2021-319685
Pablo Ávila ◽  
David Calvo ◽  
María Tamargo ◽  
Aitor Uribarri ◽  
Tomas Datino ◽  

ObjectiveThe role of age in clinical characteristics and catheter ablation outcomes of atrioventricular nodal re-entrant tachycardia (AVNRT) or orthodromic atrioventricular re-entrant tachycardia (AVRT) has been assessed in retrospective studies categorising age by arbitrary cut-offs, but contemporary analyses of age-related trends are lacking. We aimed to study the relationship of age with epidemiological, clinical features and catheter ablation outcomes of AVNRT and AVRT.MethodsWe recruited 600 patients (median age 56 years, 60% female) with a confirmed diagnosis of AVNRT (n=455) or AVRT (n=145) by means of an electrophysiological study. They were interrogated for arrhythmia-related symptoms with a structured questionnaire and followed up to 1 year. We analysed age as a continuous variable using regression models and adjusting for relevant covariables.ResultsBoth typical and atypical forms of AVNRT upraised with age while AVRT decreased (p<0.001 by regression). Female sex predominance in AVNRT was not observed in older patients. Overall, these tachycardias became more symptomatic with ageing despite a longer tachycardia cycle length (p<0.001) and regardless of the presence of structural heart disease, with a higher proportion of dizziness, syncope, chest pain or dyspnoea (p<0.005 for all) and a lower presence of palpitations or neck pounding (p<0.001 for both). Age was not associated with catheter ablation acute success, periprocedural complications or 1-year recurrence rates (p>0.05 for all).ConclusionsAge, evaluated as a continuous variable, had a significant association with the clinical profile of patients with AVNRT and AVRT. Nevertheless, catheter ablation outcomes and complications were not significantly related to patients’ age.

2021 ◽  
Vol 162 (41) ◽  
pp. 1643-1651
Ádám Riba ◽  
Barnabás Németh ◽  
Ferenc Árvai ◽  
Géza Lupkovics ◽  
Tamás Tahin

Összefoglaló. A ritmuszavarok előfordulása gyakoribb a terhes nők esetén, mint a nem várandósok körében. A legtöbb esetben terápiás beavatkozás nélkül is kihordható a magzat. Hemodinamikai instabilitás és magzatkárosodáshoz vezető fetalis hypoperfusio jöhet létre, amennyiben tartós, magas kamrai frekvenciával járó epizódok jelentkeznek. Ezekben az esetekben a ritmuszavar megszüntetése indokolttá válhat. Az antiarrhythmiás gyógyszerek korlátozottan és nagy körültekintéssel alkalmazhatók a gyermeket várók körében, így a katéterablatio jelenthet biztonságos és használható alternatívát. Ezen beavatkozásokat hagyományosan röntgensugár segítségével végzik, ez azonban az ionizáló sugárzásnak a magzati fejlődésre gyakorolt hatása miatt magas rizikót jelentene. Több éve elérhető a szív-elektrofiziológiában az ún. zéró fluoroszkópiás ablatio, mely a pitvarfibrilláció kezelésében és más ritmuszavarok esetében egyaránt alkalmazható. A terheseknél alkalmazott eljárást két eseten keresztül mutatjuk be. A röntgensugár használatát, a jelen cikkben bemutatott beavatkozások esetén is, sikerült teljesen kiküszöbölnünk. Az első, 23 hetes gravid páciensnél recidív paroxysmalis supraventricularis tachycardia miatt végeztünk elektrofiziológiai vizsgálatot. E vizsgálat során atrioventricularis nodalis reentry tachycardiát igazoltunk és abláltunk sikerrel. Második esetbemutatásunkban egy anteroseptalis járulékos köteg katéterablatiós megoldását mutatjuk be. A terhesség során jelentkező, az anyára és/vagy magzatára veszélyt jelentő ritmuszavar esetén a háromdimenziós térképező rendszer (szükség esetén intracardialis ultrahangvizsgálattal kiegészítve) biztonságos és hatásos alternatívát jelent, olyan esetekben, ha röntgensugár nem használható. Orv Hetil. 2021; 162(41): 1643–1651. Summary. Arrhythmias are more common in pregnant women than in others. In most cases, the fetus can be delivered without therapeutic intervention. Hemodynamic instability and fetal hypoperfusion leading to fetal harm may occur if persistent episodes of high ventricular rate occur. In these cases, resolution of the arrhythmia may be advised. Antiarrhythmic drugs can be used with limitations and great caution in those expecting a child, so catheter ablation may be a safe and usable alternative. These interventions are traditionally performed using X-ray, however, due to the effect of ionizing radiation on fetal development, this would pose a high risk. Zero-fluoroscopic ablation has been available for several years in cardiac electrophysiology, which can be used both in the treatment of atrial fibrillation and in other arrhythmias. The procedure which we used in pregnant women is presented in two cases. We also managed to completely eliminate the use of X-ray during the interventions presented in this article. In the first case, a 23-week-old gravid patient underwent electrophysiological examination for recurrent paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia. In the electrophysiological study, atrioventricular nodal reentry tachycardia was confirmed and successfully ablated. In our second case study, we present a catheter ablation for anteroseptal accessory pathway. Three-dimensional mapping system (supplemented with intracardiac ultrasound, if necessary), in the case of significant arrhythmia, is a safe and effective alternative where X-rays, which poses a risk to the mother and/or the fetus, cannot be used during pregnancy. Orv Hetil. 2021; 162(41): 1643–1651.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-5
Moritz Nies ◽  
Ruben Schleberger ◽  
Leon Dinshaw ◽  
Andreas Rillig ◽  
Andreas Metzner ◽  

We report the case of an 80-year-old female presenting with polymorphic premature ventricular contractions, nonischemic cardiomyopathy, and severe, secondary mitral regurgitation. Despite a low intraprocedural PVC burden, activation mapping and successful ablation of different morphologies were achieved using a novel mapping tool, which facilitates simultaneous mapping of different PVC morphologies.

2021 ◽  
Xue Zhou ◽  
Keijiro Nakamura ◽  
Naohiko Sahara ◽  
Takahito Takagi ◽  
Yasutake Toyoda ◽  

Bindu Challa ◽  
Keluo Yao ◽  
Patricia Allenby ◽  
Charles L. Hitchcock ◽  
Youri Ivanov ◽  

Context.— Esophageal fistula formation is one of the most feared complications of radiofrequency catheter ablation. This procedure and its many variations, such as the “maze,” are becoming the mainstream treatment for atrial fibrillation owing to limitations of antiarrhythmic drugs. The incidence of this complication rate has been reported to be from 0.01% to 1%. Objective.— To delineate the importance of using the en bloc Letulle method of dissection for identifying esophageal fistulas for cases with a history of radiofrequency catheter ablation. Design.— Six autopsy cases with a history of radiofrequency catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation were selected from 1736 autopsies performed between 2009 and 2020. Results.— The initial presenting symptoms included neurologic symptoms, chest pains, epigastric discomfort, and sepsis. Transesophageal echocardiogram of 4 cases showed no evidence of thrombus or vegetation, however, 2 cases had evidence of atrial esophageal fistula. The autopsy findings included 5 atrial esophageal fistulas and 1 esophagopericardial fistula. Atrial esophageal fistulas were small and could be detected without difficulty when the en bloc Letulle technique was used and would have been easily missed by the Virchow method. The immediate causes of the deaths were myocardial ischemia, septic emboli to brain and heart, hypovolemic shock secondary to exsanguination, stroke, and coagulopathy. Conclusions.— To date, this is the largest collection of autopsy cases showing esophageal fistula associated with prior radiofrequency catheter ablation. The Letulle dissection method is preferable in this setting.

2021 ◽  
Kengo Kusano ◽  
Teiichi Yamane ◽  
Koichi Inoue ◽  
Misa Takegami ◽  
Yoko M. Nakao ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Je-Wook Park ◽  
Song-Yi Yang ◽  
Min Kim ◽  
Hee Tae Yu ◽  
Tae-Hoon Kim ◽  

Introduction: Whereas, high-power short-duration (HPSD) radiofrequency (RF) ablation is generally used in atrial fibrillation (AF) catheter ablation (CA), its efficacy, safety, and influence on autonomic function have not been well established in a large population. This study compared HPSD-AFCA and conventional power (ConvP)-AFCA in propensity score matched-population.Methods: In 3,045 consecutive patients who underwent AFCA, this study included 1,260 patients (73.9% male, 59 ± 10 years old, 58.2% paroxysmal type) after propensity score matching: 315 in 50~60W HPSD group vs. 945 in the ConvP group. This study investigated the procedural factors, complication rate, rhythm status, and 3-month heart rate variability (HRV) between the two groups and subgroups.Results: Procedure time was considerably short in the HPSD group (135 min in HPSD vs. 181 min in ConvP, p &lt; 0.001) compared to ConvP group, but there was no significant difference in the complication rate (2.9% in HPSD vs. 3.7% in ConvP, p = 0.477) and the 3-month HRV between the two groups. At the one-year follow-up, there was no significant difference in rhythm outcomes between the two groups (Overall, Log-rank p = 0.885; anti-arrhythmic drug free, Log-rank p = 0.673). These efficacy and safety outcomes were consistently similar irrespective of the AF type or ablation lesion set. The Cox regression analysis showed that the left atrium volume index estimated by computed tomography (HR 1.01 [1.00–1.02]), p = 0.003) and extra-pulmonary vein triggers (HR 1.59 [1.03–2.44], p = 0.036) were independently associated with one-year clinical recurrence, whereas the HPSD ablation was not (HR 1.03 [0.73–1.44], p = 0.887).Conclusion: HPSD-AFCA notably reduced the procedure time with similar rhythm outcomes, complication rate, and influence on autonomic function as ConvP-AFCA, irrespective of the AF type or ablation lesion set.

2021 ◽  
Tetsuro Sato ◽  
Hidehira Fukaya ◽  
Jun Oikawa ◽  
Daiki Saito ◽  
Gen Matsuura ◽  

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