derotational osteotomy
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Medicine ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 101 (2) ◽  
pp. e28506
Edward Compton ◽  
Rachel Y. Goldstein ◽  
Alexander Nazareth ◽  
Stephen J. Shymon ◽  
Lydia Andras ◽  

Medicine ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 100 (47) ◽  
pp. e27776
Kyle K. Obana ◽  
Bensen B. Fan ◽  
James T. Bennett ◽  
Adrian Lin ◽  
Rachel Y. Goldstein ◽  

2021 ◽  
Zhe-Yu Huang ◽  
Jing Ling ◽  
Zhi-Min Zeng ◽  
Zheng-Lin Di ◽  
Jun-Hui Zhang ◽  

Abstract Background Performing total hip arthroplasty (THA) in patients with Crowe IV developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is technically challenging. Subtrochanteric shortening osteotomy is typically required for placing the acetabular component within the anatomic hip center. However, the outcomes of subtrochanteric osteotomy using cemented components are not widely reported. This study aimed to evaluate the outcomes of cemented stem THA with subtrochanteric femoral shortening and transverse derotational osteotomy in patients with Crowe IV DDH.Methods We retrospectively evaluated data of patients with Crowe IV DDH who underwent cemented stem THA with subtrochanteric femoral shortening and transverse derotational osteotomy between 2010 and 2018. Patients who underwent surgery at the hip joint were excluded. Data regarding pre- and postoperative clinical and radiological parameters were collected and reviewed.Results Among 14 patients included (14 hips), the mean age was 60.4 (range, 47–73) years. The mean Harris hip score improved from 40.7 to 87.7. The mean limb length discrepancy reduced from 52 mm to 12.7 mm. No neurologic deficits were noted. The mean osteotomy union time was 10.6 months. Delayed union and postoperative dislocation were observed in one and two patients, respectively. Cement leakage into the osteotomy gap was observed in one patient. No revisions were required. No signs of loosening or migration were observed. Conclusions Cemented stem THA combined with subtrochanteric femoral shortening and transverse derotational osteotomy is safe and effective for the treatment of patients with Crowe IV DDH. The cemented femoral component showed promising mid-term follow up results. However, cement leakage affects bone healing. Osteotomy and cementing should be performed meticulously.Trial Registration: Retrospectively registered

2021 ◽  
Vol 27 (4) ◽  
pp. 450-152
J. Horn ◽  

Rotational problems of the lower extremities affect a vast number of infants and children, whereas increased femoral anteversion (inward rotation) is the most frequent cause of intoeing in school-aged children. Femoral anteversion is defined by the angle of the femoral neck in relation to the femoral shaft in the coronal plane, whereas the degree of anteversion is greatest in infancy and gradually decreases towards skeletal maturity in most children. In about 15 % of all children increased femoral anteversion persists into adulthood. In cases of excessive anteversion gait problems, hip and/or knee pain are common. Derotational osteotomy of the femur is an established treatment for the condition. However, there is a lack of knowledge and clear evidence when to perform surgery and how this affects function and pain in these patients. The current paper is not based on a complete literature review and, therefore, does not fulfill the criteria of a review article. However, the article is based on the authors’ in-depth knowledge and a rapid review of the literature, and it can be defined as a scholarly article providing a perspective on the condition.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
pp. e20.00468-e20.00468
Luigi Sabatini ◽  
Giulia Nicolaci ◽  
Matteo Giachino ◽  
Salvatore Risitano ◽  
Andrea Pautasso ◽  

Andrea M Spiker ◽  
Kara G Fields ◽  
Joseph T Nguyen ◽  
Alexandra C Wong ◽  
Ernest L Sink

Abstract Hip dysplasia is a three-dimensional pathomechanical condition that is often more complex than the standard method of measuring lateral center edge angle (CEA) can quantify. Yet there is a paucity of literature examining the differences in version seen between dysplastic and non-dysplastic femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) hips, the relationship of acetabular and femoral version (FV) within dysplastic hips and the contribution of each of these factors to symptoms and outcomes of dysplasia treatment. We sought to describe the acetabular version (AcetV) and FV in dysplastic hips and quantify how these measurements compared with non-dysplastic FAI hips. We also sought to analyze the association of these factors with patient-reported outcomes (PROs) after periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) and determine the need for subsequent femoral derotational osteotomy after PAO. A total of 113 dysplastic patients who underwent PAO (92% female, mean age 24) were compared with 1332 (45% female, mean age 25) non-dysplastic FAI (CEA > 25°) patients. We found that dysplastic hips had a statistically higher AcetV and FV than non-dysplastic FAI hips. There was a very weak correlation between AcetV and FV in dysplastic hips, suggesting that patients with higher AcetV did not necessarily have higher FV. There was no association with AcetV or FV and patient outcomes in our very limited analysis of PROs after PAO, and only 5% of patients with excessive FV (>20°) required subsequent femoral derotational osteotomy, suggesting that in a majority of patients with hip dysplasia, FV may not impact the post-operative clinical course.

2020 ◽  
Vol 9 (12) ◽  
pp. 3835
Joan Ferràs-Tarragó ◽  
Vicente Sanchis-Alfonso ◽  
Cristina Ramírez-Fuentes ◽  
Alejandro Roselló-Añón ◽  
Francisco Baixauli-García

Background: The origin of femoral maltorsion is often unknown. However, defining the origin of the rotation of the femoral maltorsion can be useful for establishing the most suitable point to do an external derotational osteotomy. Previous studies have not considered the femoral diaphysis in their investigations of the origin of the deformity. The study of the whole morphology of the femur with 3D volumetric tools, including the femoral diaphysis can contribute to a better understanding of the behavior of femoral maltorsion. Methods: An atypical case of unilateral femoral anteversion was selected. Both femurs were used to obtain 3D bio-models. The mirror image of the asymptomatic side was obtained and overlapped with the symptomatic femur. The Hausdorff–Besicovitch method was used to evaluate the morphologic discrepancies (in mm) between the two femurs in three zones: (1) the femoral neck, (2) the proximal diaphysis, and (3) the distal diaphysis. The differences between the two femurs were analyzed and its correlation was statistically defined using a lineal regression model. Results: The deformity in the distal diaphysis increased from the supracondylar area until the apex of the antecurvatum angle (R2 = 0.91) and then decreased until the base of the femoral neck (R2 = (−0.83)), to finally increase significantly in the femoral neck area (R2 = 0.87). All of the correlations were statistically significant (p-value ˂ 0.001). Conclusion: The femoral maltorsion originates in the supracondylar area and its rotational axis is the longitudinal axis of the femoral diaphysis. Even though the deformity affects the femoral diaphysis, its clinical relevance is much higher in the femoral neck since the rotational axis passes through its base. Thus, the osteotomy can be conducted along all of the femoral diaphysis as long as it is done perpendicular to it.

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