epidural analgesia
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2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Dan Cao ◽  
Lin Rao ◽  
Jiaqi Yuan ◽  
Dandan Zhang ◽  
Bangchun Lu

Abstract Background Postpartum urinary retention (PUR) may lead to bladder neuromuscular damage and subsequently voiding dysfunction. However, the literature regarding the incidence of and risk factors for PUR remains unclear. Moreover, previously reported studies are limited to small sample sizes. Thus, this study aimed to assess the incidence of and risk factors for overt PUR after vaginal delivery. Methods This retrospective case-control study included all primiparas who delivered vaginally between July 1, 2017, and June 30, 2019, at our institution. The case group comprised 677 women diagnosed with overt PUR who required catheterisation after delivery. The control group comprised 677 women without overt PUR randomly selected in a 1:1 ratio matched for date of delivery and who delivered immediately after each woman with overt PUR to minimise the impact of variations over time in obstetric practice. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to investigate the factors associated with overt PUR. Results Of the 12,609 women included in our study, 677 were diagnosed with overt PUR (incidence 5.37%). Univariate analysis identified epidural analgesia, episiotomy, perineal tears, instrument-assisted delivery, duration of labour stage, intrauterine operation, and vulvar oedema as risk factors for PUR. Multivariate logistic regression identified epidural analgesia (odds ratio [OR] = 1.41, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.11–1.79, P = 0.005), vulvar oedema (OR = 6.92, 95% CI: 4.65–10.31, P < 0.001), forceps delivery (OR = 8.42, 95% CI: 2.22–31.91, P = 0.002), episiotomy (OR = 1.37, 95% CI: 1.02–1.84, P = 0.035), and second-degree perineal tear (OR = 3.42, 95% CI: 2.37–4.94, P < 0.001) as significant independent risk factors for PUR. Conclusions PUR was highly associated with epidural analgesia, forceps delivery, vulvar oedema, episiotomy, and second-degree perineal tears. More attention should be paid to women at high risk to reduce the incidence of PUR.

2022 ◽  
Vol 11 ◽  
Donghang Zhang ◽  
Jingyao Jiang ◽  
Jin Liu ◽  
Tao Zhu ◽  
Han Huang ◽  

Surgical resection is the main curative avenue for various cancers. Unfortunately, cancer recurrence following surgery is commonly seen, and typically results in refractory disease and death. Currently, there is no consensus whether perioperative epidural analgesia (EA), including intraoperative and postoperative epidural analgesia, is beneficial or harmful on cancer recurrence and survival. Although controversial, mounting evidence from both clinical and animal studies have reported perioperative EA can improve cancer recurrence and survival via many aspects, including modulating the immune/inflammation response and reducing the use of anesthetic agents like inhalation anesthetics and opioids, which are independent risk factors for cancer recurrence. However, these results depend on the cancer types, cancer staging, patients age, opioids use, and the duration of follow-up. This review will summarize the effects of perioperative EA on the oncological outcomes of patients after cancer surgery.

2022 ◽  
Vol 226 (1) ◽  
pp. S583
Stefanie E. Damhuis ◽  
Henk Groen ◽  
Basky Thilaganathan ◽  
Wessel Ganzevoort ◽  
Sanne J. Gordijn

2022 ◽  
Vol 226 (1) ◽  
pp. S121-S122
Yair Binyamin ◽  
Gali Pariente ◽  
Tamar Wainstock ◽  
Talya Lanxner Battat ◽  
Inbal Reuveni ◽  

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