neuro fuzzy
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2022 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Zeinab Rahimi Rise ◽  
Mohammad Mahdi Ershadi

PurposeThis paper aims to analyze the socioeconomic impacts of infectious diseases based on uncertain behaviors of social and effective subsystems in the countries. The economic impacts of infectious diseases in comparison with predicted gross domestic product (GDP) in future years could be beneficial for this aim along with predicted social impacts of infectious diseases in countries.Design/methodology/approachThe proposed uncertain SEIAR (susceptible, exposed, infectious, asymptomatic and removed) model evaluates the impacts of variables on different trends using scenario base analysis. This model considers different subsystems including healthcare systems, transportation, contacts and capacities of food and pharmaceutical networks for sensitivity analysis. Besides, an adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) is designed to predict the GDP of countries and determine the economic impacts of infectious diseases. These proposed models can predict the future socioeconomic trends of infectious diseases in each country based on the available information to guide the decisions of government planners and policymakers.FindingsThe proposed uncertain SEIAR model predicts social impacts according to uncertain parameters and different coefficients appropriate to the scenarios. It analyzes the sensitivity and the effects of various parameters. A case study is designed in this paper about COVID-19 in a country. Its results show that the effect of transportation on COVID-19 is most sensitive and the contacts have a significant effect on infection. Besides, the future annual costs of COVID-19 are evaluated in different situations. Private transportation, contact behaviors and public transportation have significant impacts on infection, especially in the determined case study, due to its circumstance. Therefore, it is necessary to consider changes in society using flexible behaviors and laws based on the latest status in facing the COVID-19 epidemic.Practical implicationsThe proposed methods can be applied to conduct infectious diseases impacts analysis.Originality/valueIn this paper, a proposed uncertain SEIAR system dynamics model, related sensitivity analysis and ANFIS model are utilized to support different programs regarding policymaking and economic issues to face infectious diseases. The results could support the analysis of sensitivities, policies and economic activities.Highlights:A new system dynamics model is proposed in this paper based on an uncertain SEIAR model (Susceptible, Exposed, Infectious, Asymptomatic, and Removed) to model population behaviors;Different subsystems including healthcare systems, transportation, contacts, and capacities of food and pharmaceutical networks are defined in the proposed system dynamics model to find related sensitivities;Different scenarios are analyzed using the proposed system dynamics model to predict the effects of policies and related costs. The results guide lawmakers and governments' actions for future years;An adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) is designed to estimate the gross domestic product (GDP) in future years and analyze effects of COVID-19 based on them;A real case study is considered to evaluate the performances of the proposed models.

Noureen Talpur ◽  
Said Jadid Abdulkadir ◽  
Hitham Alhussian ◽  
·Mohd Hilmi Hasan ◽  
Norshakirah Aziz ◽  

2022 ◽  
Selcuk Cankurt ◽  
Abdulhamit Subasi

AbstractOver the last decades, several soft computing techniques have been applied to tourism demand forecasting. Among these techniques, a neuro-fuzzy model of ANFIS (adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system) has started to emerge. A conventional ANFIS model cannot deal with the large dimension of a dataset, and cannot work with our dataset, which is composed of a 62 time-series, as well. This study attempts to develop an ensemble model by incorporating neural networks with ANFIS to deal with a large number of input variables for multivariate forecasting. Our proposed approach is a collaboration of two base learners, which are types of the neural network models and a meta-learner of ANFIS in the framework of the stacking ensemble. The results show that the stacking ensemble of ANFIS (meta-learner) and ANN models (base learners) outperforms its stand-alone counterparts of base learners. Numerical results indicate that the proposed ensemble model achieved a MAPE of 7.26% compared to its single-instance ANN models with MAPEs of 8.50 and 9.18%, respectively. Finally, this study which is a novel application of the ensemble systems in the context of tourism demand forecasting has shown better results compared to those of the single expert systems based on the artificial neural networks.

Ali Azizpour ◽  
Mohammad Ali Izadbakhsh ◽  
Saeid Shabanlou ◽  
Fariborz Yosefvand ◽  
Ahmad Rajabi

2022 ◽  
M.Uma Maheswar Rao ◽  
Kanhu Charan Patra ◽  
Suvendu Kumar Sasmal

Abstract Floods disrupt human activities, resulting in the loss of lives and property of a region. Excessive rainfall is one of the reasons for flooding, especially in the downstream areas of a catchment. Because of its complexity, understanding and forecasting rainfall is incredibly a challenge. This study investigates the use of an Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System (ANFIS) in predicting rainfall using several surface weather parameters as predictors. An ANFIS model is developed for forecasting rainfall over the Upper Brahmani Basin by using 30 years of climate data. A hybrid model with six membership functions gives the best forecast for an area. The suggested method blends neural network learning capabilities with language representations of fuzzy systems that are transparent. The application of ANFIS is to the upper Brahmani river basin is tried for the first time. The ANFIS model with various input structures and membership functions has been built, trained, and tested to evaluate the capability of the model. Statistical performance indices are used to evaluate the performance. Using the developed model, forecast is done for year 2021 – 2030.

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