coupling reaction
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2022 ◽  
Márton Nagyházi ◽  
Balázs Almási ◽  
Ádám Lukács ◽  
Attila Bényei ◽  
Tibor Nagy ◽  

A series of bicyclic alkylamino carbenes (BICAAC) (where N-aryl = dipp, mes, 2,6-dimethyl-4-(dimethylamino)phenyl, 5a-d) and their novel air- and moisture-resistant pyridine (pyridine, 4 dimethylaminopyridine) containing palladium PEPPSI-type Pd(II) complexes (6a-e) were synthetized and characterized. The new palladium complexes have shown high activity in Mizoroki–Heck coupling reaction even at as low as 100 ppm loading (TON up to 10000). Kinetic studies revealed that reactions carried out in the presence of elemental mercury resulted in decrease in activity. It indicates that the coupling reaction may have both molecular and Pd(0)-mediated catalytic paths.

2022 ◽  
Jian-Fei Bai ◽  
Jianbo Tang ◽  
Xiaolong Gao ◽  
Zhi-Jiang Jiang ◽  
Jia Chen ◽  

We report a perfluorophenylboronic acid catalyzed cross coupling reaction of tertiary propargylic alcohols and hetero-areneboronic acids for valuable benzo[b]thiophene and cyclopenta[a]indene derivates. This coupling reaction proceeds efficiently with a wide array of substrates scope in up to 89% yield and excellent regioselectivity. A significant advantage of our protocol is the transition metal catalyst free and mild conditions needed. This strategy provides direct and facile access to medicinally important benzo[b]thiophene and cyclopenta[a]indene scaffold containing a quaternary carbon center.

Polymers ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 287
Shuying Li ◽  
Yanjuan Wu ◽  
Xiukun Xue ◽  
Siyuan Liu

The combination of chemotherapy, photothermal therapy (PTT) and photodynamic therapy (PDT) based on a single nanosystem is highly desirable for cancer treatment. In this study, we developed a versatile Pt(IV) prodrug-based nanodrug, PVPt@Cy NPs, to realize synchronous chemotherapy, PDT and PTT and integrate cancer treatment with bioimaging. To construct PVPt@Cy NPs, the amphiphilic Pt(IV)-based polymeric prodrug PVPt was synthesized by a facile one-pot coupling reaction, and then it was used to encapsulate an optotheranostic agent (HOCyOH, Cy) via hydrophobic interaction-induced self-assembly. These NPs would disaggregate under acidic, reductive conditions and NIR irradiation, which are accompanied by photothermal conversion and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation. Moreover, the PVPt@Cy NPs exhibited an enhanced in vitro anticancer efficiency with 808-nm light irradiation. Furthermore, the PVPt@Cy NPs showed strong NIR fluorescence and photothermal imaging in H22 tumor-bearing mice, allowing the detection of the tumor site and monitoring of the drug biodistribution. Therefore, PVPt@Cy NPs displayed an enormous potential in combined chemo-phototherapy.

Materials ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (2) ◽  
pp. 502
Liangliang Yue ◽  
Haolan Li ◽  
Qi Sun ◽  
Xiaogang Luo ◽  
Fengshou Wu ◽  

Cancer is one of the major diseases threatening human health. Traditional cancer treatments have notable side-effects as they can damage the immune system. Recently, phototherapy, as a potential strategy for clinical cancer therapy, has received wide attention due to its minimal invasiveness and high efficiency. Herein, a small organic molecule (PTA) with a D-A-D structure was prepared via a Sonogashira coupling reaction between the electron-withdrawing dibromo-perylenediimide and electron-donating 4-ethynyl-N,N-diphenylaniline. The amphiphilic organic molecule was then transformed into nanoparticles (PTA-NPs) through the self-assembling method. Upon laser irradiation at 635 nm, PTA-NPs displayed a high photothermal conversion efficiency (PCE = 43%) together with efficient reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation. The fluorescence images also indicated the production of ROS in cancer cells with PTA-NPs. In addition, the biocompatibility and photocytotoxicity of PTA-NPs were evaluated by 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay and live/dead cell co-staining test. Therefore, the as-prepared organic nanomaterials were demonstrated as promising nanomaterials for cancer phototherapy in the clinic.

2022 ◽  
Hamoon Hemmatpour ◽  
Oreste De Luca ◽  
Dominic Crestani ◽  
Alessia Lasorsa ◽  
Patrick van der Wel ◽  

Abstract Polydopamine is a biomimetic self-adherent polymer, which can be easily deposited on a wide variety of materials. Despite the rapidly increasing interest in polydopamine-based coatings, the polymerization mechanism and the key intermediate species formed during the deposition process are still controversial. Herein, we report a systematic investigation of polydopamine formation on halloysite nanotubes; the negative charge and high surface area of halloysite nanotubes favour the capture of intermediates that are involved in polydopamine formation and decelerate the kinetics of the process, to unravel the various polymerization steps. Data from X-ray photoelectron and solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopies demonstrate that in the initial stage of polydopamine deposition, oxidative coupling reaction of the dopaminechrome molecules is the main reaction pathway that leads to formation of polycatecholamine oligomers as an intermediate and the post cyclization of the linear oligomers occurs subsequently. Furthermore, Tris molecules are incorporated into the initially formed oligomers.

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