horizontal tube
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2022 ◽  
Vol 174 ◽  
pp. 107451
Yongqing He ◽  
Kanghui Xiong ◽  
Entong Xia

2022 ◽  
Vol 933 ◽  
Enrique Flores-Montoya ◽  
Victor Muntean ◽  
Mario Sánchez-Sanz ◽  
Daniel Martínez-Ruiz

This paper presents an experimental study of the influence of heat losses on the onset of thermoacoustic instabilities in methane–air premixed flames propagating in a horizontal tube of diameter, $D = 10$ mm. Flames are ignited at the open end of the tube and propagate towards the closed end undergoing strong oscillations of different features owing to the interaction with acoustic waves. The frequency of oscillation and its axial location are controlled through the tube length $L$ and the intensity of heat losses. These parameters are respectively modified in the experiments by a moveable piston and a circulating thermal bath of water prescribing temperature conditions. Main experimental observations show that classical one-dimensional predictions of the oscillation frequency do not accurately describe the phenomena under non-adiabatic real scenarios. In addition to the experimental measurements, a quasi-one-dimensional analysis of the burnt gases is provided, which introduces the effect of heat losses at the wall of the tube on the interplay between the acoustic field and the reaction sheet. As a result, this analysis provides an improved description of the interaction and accurately predicts the excited flame-oscillation harmonics through the eigenvalues of the non-adiabatic acoustics model. Unlike the original one-dimensional analysis, the comparison between the flame oscillation frequency provided by the non-adiabatic extended theory and the frequencies measured in our experiments is in excellent agreement in the whole range of temperatures considered. This confirms the importance of heat losses in the modulation of the instabilities and the transition between different flame oscillation regimes.

2022 ◽  
Vol 1217 (1) ◽  
pp. 012013
N A Amaludin ◽  
M Morrow ◽  
R Woolley ◽  
A E Amaludin

Abstract Different fuel properties and chemical kinetics of two different fuels would make it challenging to predict the combustion parameters of a binary fuel. Understanding the effect of blending methane and hydrogen gas is the main focus of this paper. Utilizing a horizontal tube combustion rig, methane-hydrogen fuel blends were created using blending laws from past literature, over a range of equivalence ratios from 0.6 – 1.2 were studied, while keeping one combustion parameter constant, the theoretical laminar burning velocity. The selected theoretical laminar burning velocity for all the mixtures tested were kept constant at 0.6 ms−1. Different factors affected the flame propagation across the tube, including acoustic pressure oscillations, heat loss from the rig, and obvious difference in hydrogen percentage in the fuel blends. The average experimental laminar burning velocity of all the flames was 0.368 ms−1, compared to the expected value of 0.6 ms−1. In an attempt to keep the theoretical laminar burning velocity constant for different mixtures, it was discovered that this did not promise the same flame propagation behaviour for the tested mixtures. Further experimentation and analysis are required in order to better understand the underlying interaction of the fuel blends.

2021 ◽  
Jayakumar Arjun ◽  
A. Mani

Abstract A novel non-intrusive technique based on air-coupled ultrasonic transducer was used to study the hydrodynamic behaviour of falling film over a metal foam layered horizontal tube. Copper foam having a porosity of 90.5%, brazed over a copper tube of 25.4 mm diameter was used in this study. Falling film thickness distribution in the circumferential direction and the dynamic characteristics of falling film were studied in the falling film Reynolds number range of 356 to 715, and at a tube spacing of 5 mm and 15 mm. The falling film characteristics over metal foam layered horizontal tube were compared with that over a plain horizontal tube surface. Heat transfer studies of falling film over metal foam layered tube were studied in an evaporator of a multi-effect desalination system by experiment. It was observed that the falling film heat transfer coefficient was enhanced 2.7 times by the application of metal foam over the plain horizontal tube. The measurements obtained from hydrodynamic and heat transfer studies were compared with the predictions made by a computational model and were found to be in good agreement. Metal foam properties required for the computational model were obtained using a micro-computed tomography based study.

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