thermal radiation
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2022 ◽  
Vol 175 ◽  
pp. 107457
Jun Wu ◽  
Feng Wu ◽  
Tiancheng Zhao ◽  
Mauro Antezza ◽  
Xiaohu Wu

Cheng-Long Zhou ◽  
Xiao-Hu Wu ◽  
Yong Zhang ◽  
Hong-Liang Yi

2022 ◽  
Vol 172 ◽  
pp. 107315
Naeem Iqbal ◽  
Sen Zhang ◽  
Pankaj Kumar Choudhury ◽  
Yi Jin ◽  
Yungui Ma

Micromachines ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
pp. 116
A. B. Vishalakshi ◽  
U. S. Mahabaleshwar ◽  
Ioannis E. Sarris

In the present paper, an MHD three-dimensional non-Newtonian fluid flow over a porous stretching/shrinking sheet in the presence of mass transpiration and thermal radiation is examined. This problem mainly focusses on an analytical solution; graphene water is immersed in the flow of a fluid to enhance the thermal efficiency. The given non-linear PDEs are mapped into ODEs via suitable transformations, then the solution is obtained in terms of incomplete gamma function. The momentum equation is analyzed, and to derive the mass transpiration analytically, this mass transpiration is used in the heat transfer analysis and to find the analytical results with a Biot number. Physical significance parameters, including volume fraction, skin friction, mass transpiration, and thermal radiation, can be analyzed with the help of graphical representations. We indicate the unique solution at stretching sheet and multiple solution at shrinking sheet. The physical scenario can be understood with the help of different physical parameters, namely a Biot number, magnetic parameter, inverse Darcy number, Prandtl number, and thermal radiation; these physical parameters control the analytical results. Graphene nanoparticles are used to analyze the present study, and the value of the Prandtl number is fixed to 6.2. The graphical representations help to discuss the results of the present work. This problem is used in many industrial applications such as Polymer extrusion, paper production, metal cooling, glass blowing, etc. At the end of this work, we found that the velocity and temperature profile increases with the increasing values of the viscoelastic parameter and solid volume fraction; additionally, efficiency is increased for higher values of thermal radiation.

2022 ◽  
Vol 6 (1) ◽  
pp. 38
Ridhwan Reyaz ◽  
Ahmad Qushairi Mohamad ◽  
Yeou Jiann Lim ◽  
Muhammad Saqib ◽  
Sharidan Shafie

Fractional derivatives have been proven to showcase a spectrum of solutions that is useful in the fields of engineering, medical, and manufacturing sciences. Studies on the application of fractional derivatives on fluid flow are relatively new, especially in analytical studies. Thus, geometrical representations for fractional derivatives in the mechanics of fluid flows are yet to be discovered. Nonetheless, theoretical studies will be useful in facilitating future experimental studies. Therefore, the aim of this study is to showcase an analytical solution on the impact of the Caputo-Fabrizio fractional derivative for a magnethohydrodynamic (MHD) Casson fluid flow with thermal radiation and chemical reaction. Analytical solutions are obtained via Laplace transform through compound functions. The obtained solutions are first verified, then analysed. It is observed from the study that variations in the fractional derivative parameter, α, exhibits a transitional behaviour of fluid between unsteady state and steady state. Numerical analyses on skin friction, Nusselt number, and Sherwood number were also analysed. Behaviour of these three properties were in agreement of that from past literature.

2022 ◽  
Matej Kurtulik ◽  
Michal Shimanovich ◽  
Rafi Weill ◽  
Assaf Manor ◽  
Michael Shustov ◽  

Abstract Planck’s law of thermal radiation depends on the temperature, \(T\), and the emissivity, \(\epsilon\), which is the coupling of heat to radiation depending on both phonon-electron nonradiative-interactions and electron-photon radiative-interactions. In contrast, absorptivity, \(\alpha\), only depends on the electron-photon radiative-interactions. At thermodynamic equilibrium, nonradiative-interactions are balanced, resulting in Kirchhoff’s law of thermal radiation, \(\epsilon =\alpha\). For non-equilibrium, Quantum efficiency (QE) describes the statistics of photon emission, which like emissivity depends on both radiative and nonradiative interactions. Past generalized Planck’s equation extends Kirchhoff’s law out of equilibrium by scaling the emissivity with the pump-dependent chemical-potential \(\mu\), obscuring the relations between the body properties. Here we theoretically and experimentally demonstrate a prime equation relating these properties in the form of \(\epsilon =\alpha \left(1-QE\right)\). At equilibrium, these relations are reduced to Kirchhoff’s law. Our work lays out the evolution of non-thermal emission with temperature, which is critical for the development of lighting and energy devices.

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