heat transfer analysis
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Micromachines ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
pp. 116
Author(s):  
A. B. Vishalakshi ◽  
U. S. Mahabaleshwar ◽  
Ioannis E. Sarris

In the present paper, an MHD three-dimensional non-Newtonian fluid flow over a porous stretching/shrinking sheet in the presence of mass transpiration and thermal radiation is examined. This problem mainly focusses on an analytical solution; graphene water is immersed in the flow of a fluid to enhance the thermal efficiency. The given non-linear PDEs are mapped into ODEs via suitable transformations, then the solution is obtained in terms of incomplete gamma function. The momentum equation is analyzed, and to derive the mass transpiration analytically, this mass transpiration is used in the heat transfer analysis and to find the analytical results with a Biot number. Physical significance parameters, including volume fraction, skin friction, mass transpiration, and thermal radiation, can be analyzed with the help of graphical representations. We indicate the unique solution at stretching sheet and multiple solution at shrinking sheet. The physical scenario can be understood with the help of different physical parameters, namely a Biot number, magnetic parameter, inverse Darcy number, Prandtl number, and thermal radiation; these physical parameters control the analytical results. Graphene nanoparticles are used to analyze the present study, and the value of the Prandtl number is fixed to 6.2. The graphical representations help to discuss the results of the present work. This problem is used in many industrial applications such as Polymer extrusion, paper production, metal cooling, glass blowing, etc. At the end of this work, we found that the velocity and temperature profile increases with the increasing values of the viscoelastic parameter and solid volume fraction; additionally, efficiency is increased for higher values of thermal radiation.


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Muhammad Ramzan ◽  
Nazia Shahmir ◽  
Hassan Ali S. Ghazwani ◽  
Kottakkaran Sooppy Nisar ◽  
Faizah M. Alharbi ◽  
...  

AbstractSolar thermal systems have low efficiency due to the working fluid's weak thermophysical characteristics. Thermo-physical characteristics of base fluid depend on particle concentration, diameter, and shapes. To assess a nanofluid's thermal performance in a solar collector, it is important to first understand the thermophysical changes that occur when nanoparticles are introduced to the base fluid. The aim of this study is, therefore, to analyze the hydrodynamic and heat characteristics of two different water-based hybrid nanofluids (used as a solar energy absorber) with varied particle shapes in a porous medium. As the heat transfer surface is exposed to the surrounding environment, the convective boundary condition is employed. Additionally, the flow of nanoliquid between two plates (in parallel) is observed influenced by velocity slip, non-uniform heat source-sink, linear thermal radiation. To make two targeted hybrid nanofluids, graphene is added as a cylindrical particle to water to make a nanofluid, and then silver is added as a platelet particle to the graphene/water nanofluid. For the second hybrid nanofluid, CuO spherical shape particles are introduced to the graphene/water nanofluid. The entropy of the system is also assessed. The Tiwari-Das nanofluid model is used. The translated mathematical formulations are then solved numerically. The physical and graphical behavior of significant parameters is studied.


Author(s):  
T. Dara Sai Pradeep ◽  
Micha Premkumar ◽  
C. Krishna Kishore ◽  
P. Mahesh ◽  
Kollu Surya Kiran ◽  
...  

The exhaust manifold of multi cylinder IC engine is kept in between the engine block and the catalytic converter. So the exhaust manifold is exposed to very high temperature and care should be taken at the critical zone during the design stage. At several critical zones of the exhaust manifold, large compressive deformations are generated at elevated temperatures and tensile stresses remain at cold conditions. The thermal analysis will help in estimating the deformations and stress concentrations due to thermal loads. Therefore, the main aim of this study is to perform thermal analysis and conjugate heat flow analysis of an exhaust manifold of a multi-cylinder engine. The 3D model is generated using SolidWorks and analysis is carried out using Ansys workbench. Materials like grey C.I., aluminium nitride, silicon nitride, and stainless steel are used in this analysis. The results of total heat flux, directional heat flux and temperature distribution were compared. Silicon nitride material is suggested to be the suitable material for engine exhaust manifolds based on the material mechanical properties and thermal distribution-related thermal stress developed on the exhaust manifold.


Author(s):  
Sohail Reddy ◽  
George S. Dulikravich ◽  
Ann-Kayana Blanchard

Abstract The effects of graphene platelets and diamond based thin film heat spreaders on maximum temperature of integrated electronic circuits were investigated. A fully three-dimensional conjugate heat transfer analysis was performed to investigate the effects of thin film material and thickness on the temperature of a hot spot and temperature uniformity on the heated surface of the integrated circuit when subjected to forced convective cooling. Two different materials, diamond and graphene were simulated as materials for thin films. The thin film heat spreaders were applied to the top wall of an array of micro pin-fins having circular cross sections. The integrated circuit with a 4 × 3 mm footprint featured a 0.5 × 0.5 mm hot spot located on the top wall which was also exposed to a uniform background heat flux of 500 W cm−1. A hot spot uniform heat flux of magnitude 2000 W cm−2 was centrally situated on the top surface over a small area of 0.5 × 0.5 mm. Both isotropic and anisotropic properties of the thin film heat spreaders made of graphene platelets and diamond were computationally analyzed. The conjugate heat transfer analysis incorporated thermal contact resistance between the thin film and the silicon substrate. The isotropic thin film heat spreaders significantly reduced the hot spot temperature and increased temperature uniformity, allowing for increased thermal loads. Furthermore, it was found that thickness of the thin film heat spreader need not be greater than a few tens of microns


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