serum albumin
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2022 ◽  
Vol 146 ◽  
pp. 112513
Erzsébet Pászti-Gere ◽  
Anna Szentkirályi ◽  
Zsófia Fedor ◽  
Gábor Nagy ◽  
Zoltán Szimrók ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 1249 ◽  
pp. 131550
Afreen Banu ◽  
Rizwan Hasan Khan ◽  
Mohssen T.A. Qashqoosh ◽  
Yahiya Kadaf Manea ◽  
Mohammad Furkan ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 1249 ◽  
pp. 131597
Malhari Nagtilak ◽  
Satish Pawar ◽  
Sandip Labade ◽  
Chandrakant Khilare ◽  
Shankutala Sawant

2022 ◽  
Masashi Ishikawa ◽  
Masae Iwasaki ◽  
Dai Namizato ◽  
Makiko Yamamoto ◽  
Tomonori Morita ◽  

Abstract Postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI) is a highly prevalent and serious complication after cardiac surgery. The aim of this study is to identify the predictors of AKI and the cut-off values after isolated off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB). A total of 329 adult patients, who underwent isolated OPCAB between December 2008 and February 2021, were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into three groups: non-AKI, early AKI and late AKI groups. The early AKI group or the late AKI group were defined as ‘having AKI that occurred before or after 48 hours postoperatively’, respectively. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the predictors of AKI. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to evaluate the cutoff value, the sensitivity, and the specificity of the predictors. On the multivariate analysis, the emergency surgery, the preoperative serum albumin, and the postoperative day 1 neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NL ratio) were identified as the independent predictors of AKI. However, neither albumin nor the NL ratio predicted late AKI. The present study showed the preoperative albumin and the postoperative day 1 NL ratio were the robust and independent predictors of postoperative early AKI in isolated OPCAB.

Toxins ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (1) ◽  
pp. 56
Justin B. Renaud ◽  
Jacob P. Walsh ◽  
Mark W. Sumarah

Aflatoxins B1 (AFB1) and G1 (AFG1) are carcinogenic mycotoxins that contaminate crops such as maize and groundnuts worldwide. The broadly accepted method to assess chronic human aflatoxin exposure is by quantifying the amount of aflatoxin adducted to human serum albumin. This has been reported using ELISA, HPLC, or LC-MS/MS to measure the amount of AFB1-lysine released after proteolysis of serum albumin. LC-MS/MS is the most accurate method but requires both isotopically labelled and unlabelled AFB1-lysine standards, which are not commercially available. In this work, we report a simplified synthetic route to produce unlabelled, deuterated and 13C6 15N2 labelled aflatoxin B1-lysine and for the first-time aflatoxin G1-lysine. Additionally, we report on the stability of these compounds during storage. This simplified synthetic approach will make the production of these important standards more feasible for laboratories performing aflatoxin exposure studies.

Nanomaterials ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 249
Nicoleta Cazacu ◽  
Claudia G. Chilom ◽  
Sorina Iftimie ◽  
Maria Bălășoiu ◽  
Valentina P. Ladygina ◽  

The synthesis of nanoparticles inside microorganisms is an economical alternative to chemical and physical methods of nanoparticle synthesis. In this study, ferrihydrite nanoparticles synthesized by Klebsiella oxytoca bacterium in special conditions were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray analysis (EDS), small-angle X-ray (SAXS), UV-Vis spectroscopy, fluorescence, fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET), and molecular docking. The morphology and the structure of the particles were characterized by means of SEM and SAXS. The elemental content was determined by means of the EDS method. The absorption properties of the ferrihydrite nanoparticles were investigated by UV-Vis spectroscopy. The binding mechanism of the biogenic ferrihydrite nanoparticles to Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) protein, studied by fluorescence, showed a static and weak process, combined with FRET. Protein denaturation by temperature and urea in the presence of the ferrihydrite nanoparticles demonstrated their influence on the unfolding process. The AutoDock Vina and UCSF Chimera programs were used to predict the optimal binding site of the ferrihydrite to BSA and to find the location of the hydrophobic cavities in the sub-domain IIA of the BSA structure.

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