kidney injury
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2023 ◽  
Vol 83 ◽  
Author(s):  
N. Ehsan ◽  
M. U. Ijaz ◽  
A. Ashraf ◽  
S. Sarwar ◽  
A. Samad ◽  
...  

Abstract Cisplatin (CP) is a commonly used, powerful antineoplastic drug, having numerous side effects. Casticin (CAS) is considered as a free radical scavenger and a potent antioxidant. The present research was planned to assess the curative potential of CAS on CP persuaded renal injury in male albino rats. Twenty four male albino rats were distributed into four equal groups. Group-1 was considered as a control group. Animals of Group-2 were injected with 5mg/kg of CP intraperitoneally. Group-3 was co-treated with CAS (50mg/kg) orally and injection of CP (5mg/kg). Group-4 was treated with CAS (50mg/kg) orally throughout the experiment. CP administration substantially reduced the activities of catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), peroxidase (POD), glutathione S-transferase (GST), glutathione reductase (GSR), glutathione (GSH) content while increased thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) levels. Urea, urinary creatinine, urobilinogen, urinary proteins, kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1), and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) levels were substantially increased. In contrast, albumin and creatinine clearance was significantly reduced in CP treated group. The results demonstrated that CP significantly increased the inflammation indicators including nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), Interleukin-1β (IL-1β), Interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) activity and histopathological damages. However, the administration of CAS displayed a palliative effect against CP-generated renal toxicity and recovered all parameters by bringing them to a normal level. These results revealed that the CAS is an effective compound having the curative potential to counter the CP-induced renal damage.


2022 ◽  
Vol 147 ◽  
pp. 112615
Author(s):  
Yan-yan Yu ◽  
Xiang-qian Li ◽  
Wen-peng Hu ◽  
Shi-chao Cu ◽  
Jia-jia Dai ◽  
...  

2022 ◽  
Vol 77 ◽  
pp. 110596
Author(s):  
Teresa Pérez ◽  
Angel M. Candela-Toha ◽  
Loubna Khalifi ◽  
Alfonso Muriel ◽  
M. Carmen Pardo

2023 ◽  
Vol 83 ◽  
Author(s):  
M. U. Ijaz ◽  
S. A. Majeed ◽  
A. Asharaf ◽  
T. Ali ◽  
K. A. Al-Ghanim ◽  
...  

Abstract Thimerosal is an organomercurial compound, which is used in the preparation of intramuscular immunoglobulin, antivenoms, tattoo inks, skin test antigens, nasal products, ophthalmic drops, and vaccines as a preservative. In most of animal species and humans, the kidney is one of the main sites for mercurial compounds deposition and target organs for toxicity. So, the current research was intended to assess the thimerosal induced nephrotoxicity in male rats. Twenty-four adult male albino rats were categorized into four groups. The first group was a control group. Rats of Group-II, Group-III, and Group-IV were administered with 0.5µg/kg, 10µg/kg, and 50µg/kg of thimerosal once a day, respectively. Thimerosal administration significantly decreased the activities of catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), peroxidase (POD), glutathione reductase (GR), glutathione (GSH), and protein content while increased the thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) levels dose-dependently. Blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine, urobilinogen, urinary proteins, kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1), and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) levels were substantially increased. In contrast, urinary albumin and creatinine clearance was reduced dose-dependently in thimerosal treated groups. The results demonstrated that thimerosal significantly increased the inflammation indicators including nuclear factor kappaB (NF-κB), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), Interleukin-1β (IL-1β), Interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) activities, DNA and histopathological damages dose-dependently. So, the present findings ascertained that thimerosal exerted nephrotoxicity in male albino rats.


2022 ◽  
Vol 68 ◽  
pp. 38-41
Author(s):  
Jordán Tenzi ◽  
Javier Hurtado ◽  
Nicolás Nin ◽  
Fernando Rodriguez ◽  
Claudia Molina ◽  
...  

2022 ◽  
Vol 67 ◽  
pp. 134-140
Author(s):  
Mitchell S. Buckley ◽  
Ivan A. Komerdelj ◽  
Paul A. D'Alessio ◽  
Pooja Rangan ◽  
Sumit K. Agarwal ◽  
...  

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