security context
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2021 ◽  
Vol 41 (3) ◽  
pp. 300-311
Author(s):  
Joelle M. Abi-Rached

Abstract This article sketches a short history of the Covid-19 passport by examining its earlier iterations, including the “sanitary passport” (passeport sanitaire), an epidemiological tool officially introduced on the global stage by the French delegation during the 1893 International Sanitary Conference in Dresden. The sanitary passport shares with the Covid-19 passport two features. First, a similar aim, that of controlling the movement of potentially infected individuals across borders. Second, a similar condition of possibility, that of being the product of a pandemic crisis. The article identifies key characteristics as well as departures with the reinvention of the Covid-19 vaccine or immunity passport. The paper also situates the birth of the sanitary passport within a security context of increasing use of national passports as a means for the continuous surveillance of criminals and vagabonds as well as a scientific context marked by a key mutation: the birth of the immunized self.


2021 ◽  
pp. 109-132
Author(s):  
Jennifer Philippa Eggert
Keyword(s):  

2021 ◽  
Vol 36 (36) ◽  
pp. 64-93
Author(s):  
Mirosław Lipka

This article provides an overview of EU Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) missions’ crisis management achievements and challenges since 2003, in connection with the European External Action Service (EEAS), the Civilian Planning and Conduct Capability (CPCC) Directorate, and their respective roles. The analysis describes and evaluates the changes in the overall political and security context and the EU’s approach, suggesting some of the consequences in the launch and implementation of civilian CSDP Missions. The article also discusses the evolution of the EU’s integrated approach to external conflict and crises, and its cooperation with other security actors. The concluding remarks compare achievements and shortcomings of ongoing missions against their mandates and objectives, outlining some selected EU initiatives which aim at improving the EU’s performance in crisis management situations.


2021 ◽  
Vol 27 (2) ◽  
pp. 105-110
Author(s):  
Gabriela Belova ◽  
Gergana Georgieva

Abstract From spring onwards 2020 has been irrevocably interwoven with words such as “pandemic”, “emergency”, “crisis”, “urgent measures”, etc. The usage of the pandemic language to describe the outbreak of COVID-19 derives from the etymologies of these words. However, it could also be rooted in political motives. There are instances of how specific terms could be mobilized to support policy aims. This is the main reason why more attention should be paid to the strength of the language used and more awareness of the usage of particular terms within a political and security context. It could be considered necessary to take extraordinary “urgent” measures to save lives as a result of a global “pandemic”, but at the same time, it is vital to be careful how exactly these terms are used to justify political principles, which were in operation even before the outbreak of COVID-19.


Author(s):  
Jack Goldsmith

The number, frequency, and seriousness of leaks of classified information have grown sharply in the last two decades. The government has reacted to these leaks with several initiatives to stop or deter them. Journalists and their allies, in turn, have complained that these initiatives have narrowed press freedoms and damaged the First Amendment. This essay argues that the journalists are wrong. The last two decades have witnessed an unprecedented growth in press freedoms in the national security context and greater protection for journalists in their reporting of national security secrets. The recent indictment of Julian Assange is no violation of this norm and in many ways confirms it.


2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (8) ◽  
pp. 4124
Author(s):  
Hyoungju Kim ◽  
Junho Choi

Recently, damages such as internal system intrusion, network and device vulnerability attacks, malicious code infection, and information leakage due to security attacks are increasing within the smart grid environment. Detailed and dynamic access control must be implemented to enable the power system in the smart grid environment to respond to such attacks. Dynamic and partial delegation must be available, and permission role restrictions must be considered for dynamic access control when delegating a role because of changes in power resource manager authority. In this paper, we propose an intelligent access control framework that can recognize security context by analyzing security vulnerabilities for security management of power systems. The intelligent access control framework is designed as a framework that enables collaboration within the smart grid environment, and a system administrator is designed to transmit access control policy information required between the power service principal and the agent. In addition, an experiment is conducted for the control inference of security context ontology-based access, attack detection inference of the security context awareness service, and the attack response of the intelligent integrated access control system. Experimental results show that the precision of security context ontology-based access control inference is 70%, and the attack response rate of integrated access control is 72.8%.


2021 ◽  
Vol 24 (2) ◽  
pp. 5-12
Author(s):  
Vitaliy Kryvoshein

The study aims to analyse the connection among types of security intimidations: threats, challenges, vulnerabilities, and security risks, to establish the rapport between national and global threats, to review critical issues of the security environment.The study’s relevance is that the concept of security needs to be updated in the current changes in the global security context and the emergence of an increasing number and variety of threats under the transformations that are taking place. The research shows how the reconceptualization of security in the late twentieth century was influenced by global contextual changes associated with the end of the Cold War and the use of constructivist approaches in the social sciences. This dual change has led to a rethinking of security challenges in the second decade of the 21st century, leading to increased interest in this study. It is exposed that the concepts of vulnerability and risk are used not only in the context of foreign and defence policy, but also concerning ecologic security challenges caused by global environmental change, climate change and dangers and disasters, where there is no consensus within and among the community on vulnerability, and risks. In conclusion, it is proved that conceptual thinking on security threats has necessitated precise definition and consensus on these concepts, especially on practical policy measures to achieve agreed goals, and systematization of types of threats to all types of security and life support. It is determined that the degradation of traditional political institutions, against the background of the degeneration of the established international law system and order, cause the emergence of new threats to national security and, accordingly, political, as its subcategories. It is noted that modern researchers have paid little attention to studying the connection between the concepts of political security, state security and threats to state security. In the context of new globalization threats, states are facing a change in the security context and need to review security strategies and update the discourse on political and national security.


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