national security
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2022 ◽  
Carla McKinley ◽  
Speero M. Tannous ◽  
Jake Hecla ◽  
Aaron Berliner ◽  
Morgan Livingston ◽  

Advances in nuclear weapon technologies from – and the corresponding evolution in the threat landscape posed by – non-allied nations over the past four years underscores the exigency of the United States (U.S) in updating its stated national security policies. Here we review and suggest options for the 2022 Nuclear Posture Review (NPR) regarding the low-yield submarine-launched cruise missile (SLCM-N) and submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM) programs. The 2018 NPR called for programmatic changes to counteract the evolving threat environment and allow for greater deterrence flexibility. These programs include modernization of existing technologies and creation of novel weapons systems. Of these changes, two new programs were started to develop low-yield, sea-based, non-strategic weapons. These options are designed to counter any perceived gaps in U.S. regional deterrence capabilities. We enumerate several policy options likely to be considered by the Biden White House. Our proposed solution calls for maintenance of the W76-2 program and the continuance of the low-yield SLCM-N program; we present our argument along the axes of technical and cost considerations, service system preferences, tailored response capabilities, ensured support and defense of our allies, and prevention of escalation to war.

MEST Journal ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 31-35
Bartosz Murat

Police is an organization whose activities significantly contribute to sustainable development goals implementation. The nature and subject of its activity are related to maintaining relations with the society with which it is in constant interaction. At the same time, an important issue, as in the case of other public organizations, is the social responsibility of the police. Its dimensions determine the creation of an atmosphere conducive to social participation next to the police in national security. In the effective implementation of a model of social responsibility of the police, it is necessary to emphasize the importance of internal factors (the police) and external factors (the police and its stakeholders) influencing the results of this process. For the police, being a responsible organization does not mean only fulfilling all formal and legal requirements. To be perceived as a trustworthy organization, it must think and act in terms of the future, see and consider various implications, take into account human dignity, observe fair rules of operation, respond quickly to the comments and suggestions of stakeholders.

2022 ◽  
Vol 6 (1) ◽  
أبو صالح ، محمد حسين سليمان

massive and varied natural resources which are available in strategic quantities, beside the strategic geographical location , in a way to study the impact of this situation on the National security.   The objective of stduy is to determine strategic vision in order to achieve the National strategic interests and the best way to deal with International interests conflict.   The most important findings of the study are : ■ The necessity of the national strategic planning as an important factor to achieve the strategic power needed to manage the international interests conflict.   ■ The necessity of developing a National mechanism to take Care of state strategic plan

2022 ◽  
Vol 3 (2) ◽  
pp. 252-259
M Yusuf AR

This study aims to determine the implications of TNT repositioning on National Resilience. The research method uses descriptive qualitative research. The data is sourced from books, journals, articles, or newspaper news. The results of the study indicate that the implications of military repositioning on national security can be seen from the growth of other components of national resilience, especially civil society in the form of civil society. However, figures from the military still have political influence and are accepted by civil society. In conclusion, the repositioning of the TNI has implications for the growth of new forces such as political parties, community organizations, and NGOs that can support national security. However, these forces are not strong enough because of the democratization process in Indonesia. Indonesia itself is not mature enough.

2022 ◽  
Vol 4 ◽  
Agnieszka Drobniak ◽  
Maria Mastalerz

Recent years have witnessed increasing awareness and interest in rare earth elements (REE). These several, usually unfamiliar elements, are key components of countless products used in our daily lives. Because of their use in many modern technologies, including those important for national security, the demand for REE grows, and so does the production, need to find their new sources and improve the extraction. This article provides an overview of REEs, their availability, production, and uses, and briefly discusses the future of these valuable and critical metals.  

2022 ◽  
pp. 000812562110694
Gary Gereffi ◽  
Pavida Pananond ◽  
Torben Pedersen

This article examines the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on resilience. Resilience is not a one-dimensional concept but has different meanings at the levels of the firm (operational efficiency), the global value chain (appropriate governance), and the nation-state (national security). It illustrates resilience dynamics through lessons from case studies of four medical supply products—rubber gloves, face masks, ventilators, and vaccines. It explores how each adjusted to disruptions caused by the COVID-19 pandemic and presents key strategies that can guide managers and policymakers in building resilience for future supply chain disruptions.

2022 ◽  
pp. 0095327X2110649
Aluma Kepten

How does secrecy shape narratives of militarized hegemonic masculinity? This article assesses a gap at the intersection between theories of masculinities and organizational secrecy. Supported by 15 interviews with current and former male workers of a covert section of an Israeli national security organization, it argues that secrecy is experienced as both an external hurdle and a central component to the way that men internalize masculinity. Unable to access social capital outside the security organization, the respondents of the study construct a social field inside it through which they can assert their masculinity. They do so by conceptualizing their jobs, themselves, and the organization through a prism of sacrificial warriorhood, and actively incorporate secrecy’s constraints into a narrative of “super-men”. This study thus examines secrecy in the context of a militarized environment, showing the experience of masculinity and a perceived lack of power-access among members of a dominant group.

Ate Visser ◽  
Edward Kwicklis ◽  
Irene Farnham ◽  
Andrew F. B. Tompson ◽  
Ronald L. Hershey

2022 ◽  
Daniel Irwin ◽  
David R. Mandel

Organizations in several domains including national security intelligence communicate judgments under uncertainty using verbal probabilities (e.g., likely) instead of numeric probabilities (e.g., 75% chance), despite research indicating that the former have variable meanings across individuals. In the intelligence domain, uncertainty is also communicated using terms such as low, moderate, or high to describe the analyst’s confidence level. However, little research has examined how intelligence professionals interpret these terms and whether they prefer them to numeric uncertainty quantifiers. In two experiments (N = 481 and 624, respectively), uncertainty communication preferences of expert (n = 41 intelligence analysts inExperiment 1) and non-expert intelligence consumers were elicited. We examined which format participants judged to be more informative and simpler to process. We further tested whether participants treated probability and confidence as independent constructs and whether participants provided coherent numeric probability translations of verbal probabilities. Results showed that whereas most non-experts favored the numeric format, experts were about equally split, and most participants in both samples regarded the numeric format as more informative.Experts and non-experts consistently conflated probability and confidence. For instance, confidence intervals inferred from verbal confidence terms had a greater effect on the location of the estimate than the width of the estimate, contrary to normative expectation. Approximately ¼ of experts and over ½ of non-experts provided incoherent numeric probability translations of best estimates and lower and upper bounds when elicitations were spaced by intervening tasks.

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