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2021 ◽  
Vol 46 ◽  
pp. S684
Author(s):  
N. Erandika ◽  
D. Basnayake ◽  
S. Hewapathiranage ◽  
C. Weerakoon ◽  
I. Hasantha ◽  
...  

2021 ◽  
Vol 46 ◽  
pp. S692
Author(s):  
H.M. Abeywickrama ◽  
Y. Koyama ◽  
S. Wimalasiri ◽  
M. Uchiyama ◽  
U. Shimizu ◽  
...  

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
T. D. Jayasena Kaluarachchi ◽  
Paul M. Campbell ◽  
Rajitha Wickremasinghe ◽  
Shalindra Ranasinghe ◽  
Renu Wickremasinghe ◽  
...  

AbstractThe endemic strain of Leishmania donovani in Sri Lanka causes cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) rather than more common visceral form. We have visualized biofilms and profiled the microbiome of lesions and unaffected skin in thirty-nine CL patients. Twenty-four lesions (61.5%) were biofilm-positive according to fluorescence in situ hybridization. Biopsies of biofilm-positive lesions were dominated by Pseudomonas, class Bacilli and Enterobacteriaceae and distinguished by significantly lower community evenness. Higher relative abundance of a class Bacilli OTU was detected in wound swabs versus contralateral skin. Wound swabs and biopsies had significantly distinct microbiome profiles and lower diversity compared to unaffected skin. Greater abundances of potentially pathogenic organisms were observed in wet ulcers, lesions with high parasite loads and large wounds. In summary, more than half of L. donovani associated CL wounds harboured biofilms and the wounds exhibited a distinct, less diverse, microbiome than unaffected skin.


Author(s):  
J. K. A. Kanthi

Several areas reflect the traditional wisdom of Sri Lanka. This knowledge is of two parts as tactile and intangible cognition. Shantikarma and its associated rituals have a special place in intangible knowledge. Humans rely on various supernatural forces to prevent them from suffering and suffering. The medium used to obtain the help of those forces is called Shanti Karma. Several areas reflect the traditional wisdom of Sri Lanka. This knowledge is of two parts as tactile and intangible cognition. Shantikarma and its associated rituals have a special place in intangible knowledge. Humans rely on various supernatural forces to prevent them from suffering and suffering. The medium used to obtain the help of those forces is called Shanti Karma. The research problem was how Shanti Karma is used as an art of healing. The methodology involved in this research was Qualitative and Quantitative. Data were gathered using primary and secondary evidence in-depth interviews. A sample of about 20 yakaduras from Palatuwa, Godagama in Matara District, Habaraduwa and, Ahangama in Galle District was selected for the field study. The secondary evidence was the substance yielded from the published sources. Today, there is a decline in the use of peace rituals in Sri Lanka. The decline in the number of people willing to engage in this, the emergence of a new generation after the decline of traditional artisans, and the need to pay a high price for peacemaking, etc., have contributed to this decline.


Author(s):  
Sumanta Bhattacharya ◽  
Jayanta Ray ◽  
Shakti Sinha ◽  
Bhavneet Kaur Sachdev

Indian sea route are an easy target for smuggling and conducting of anti-national activities. Mumbai port which is the largest port in India has been a place for terrorism activities since a long time, the 26/attack which is regarded as the deadliest terrorist attack, India has ever experience, the terrorist had enter India through sea port , since 1960s the business of smuggling of gold , drugs and other luxury items is going on between Dubai to Mumbai to Gujarat . Smuggling of items like fuel, textile happening through different states. Illegal fishing is also very common, In fact after the lockdown, many states have brought in new rules and regulation in their fisheries culture /sector, even the government has introduced schemes and is investing a lot . There are many agencies and ministries at the local, state and center to coordinate among different committees and stakeholders and increase the manpower. The eastern and the western coast share their water border with several countries which support criminal activities in the region. Most of the illegal migrant enter India and leave India through these ports for instances cases of Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. India needs to strengthen its coastal security across the country. Keywords: Coastal security, sea roots, smuggling, drug trafficking, fisheries sector, 26/11 attack


2021 ◽  
Vol 17 (4) ◽  
Author(s):  
Hashini T. Wickremasinghe ◽  
◽  
P. C. Kaluthanthri ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 4 (4) ◽  
pp. 1033-1062
Author(s):  
Natalia Yu. Chalisova

The rich history of Persian literature reception in the West includes such a  major event as the translation of the Persian narrative into European languages. This  has influenced the comprehension of a new epistemological paradigm in the humanities. The story under discussion is the first chapter of Amir Khusrav Dihlavi’s poem  “Eight Paradises” (Hašt bihišt, 1299–1301), in which the Indian princess tells the Sassanian king Bahram Gur a tale of three princes from Sarandip (Sri Lanka, Ceylon). As  the plot progresses, the princes restore the events of the past according to clues and  signs and repeatedly demonstrate their firāsa or ability to guess based on the analysis  of evidence. The stages of European reception of this story are well known. All this material is discussed in the methodologically famous work “Clues: Roots of an Evidential  Paradigm” (1986) by Carlo Ginzburg, who connected the “evidential paradigm” with  the Arabic firāsa, a “complex notion which, in general, designated the ability to pass, on  the basis of clues, directly from the known to the unknown”; Ginzburg noted that the  Sarandip princes were famous exactly for that ability. In this article, the Persian prose  sources of the Three princes tale are under discussion, as well as some other sagacity  stories from Persian didactic books (adab). Among the detective characters Abū ʻAlī ibn  Sīnā gained particular popularity; in some stories, the great philosopher and author of  the fundamental canon “The Medicine” acts as a doctor who recognizes a disease by  symptoms and at the same time as a detective who restores the course of events from  evidence and refutes unfair accusations before a judge.


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