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2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Getrude C. AH Gang ◽  

University life is always colorful, filled with a plethora of memorable moments, both academic and non-academic. Amid the COVID-19 pandemic, however, first-year university students’ academic experiences might be slightly different from their expectations due to being fully conducted in online learning. The COVID-19 pandemic denied first year students the opportunity to join the face-to-face classes and become involved in university’s activities in the real setting. All activities were replaced with virtual setting and they could only contact their course mates and lecturers via social media platforms. This derailment of their expectation to experience real-life university settings may dampen their enthusiasm and impact their motivational and happiness levels. To explore the phenomenon, a study was conducted with 143 first-year psychology students to examine their self-reported motivational and happiness levels before and after seven-week of online classes. This study included 113 females (79%) and 30 males (21%) with a mean age of 20.68 (SD=1.88). Data collected revealed that students’ motivation and happiness levels declined significantly after their online classes. According to their extent of agreement with the single statement ‘Overall, I am happy with my university life’, 48 (33.60%) students agreed, 76 (53.10%) were neutral, and 19 (13.30%) indicated dissatisfaction. This study may assist the university and relevant authorities in understanding students’ perceptions of dealing with academic and life challenges through online classes amid the COVID-19 pandemic. Therefore, psychological strategies should be considered to enhance first-year students’ motivation and happiness levels when faced with online classes in their new first semester.


Author(s):  
Eugenia Chernega

The article considers one of such obstacles to qualitative constructive changes in personality development, namely the destructive behavioral scenario. Many people repeatedly lose certain behavioral scenarios without realizing their constructiveness or destructiveness. Close people in the process of raising a child influence the formation of beliefs, values and norms, including through fairy tales, initially offering certain fairy tales to the child, guided by their own preferences and assessments of the actions of the characters. Recently, this genre of folk folklore has been actively used in psychology and pedagogy as an element of correction. The purpose of the study was to identify destructive behavioral scenarios. The communicative-cognitive and psychosomatic approaches were used, the study was conducted in the 2019-2020 academic year in educational institutions of higher education of the Moscow region. The respondents of the study were 60 first-year students of various (average age 18.7 years). Male and female students were equally present. The results of the study show that first-year students of educational institutions of higher education demonstrate a certain attitude towards themselves and the world, reflected in the fundamental resource life attitudes formed in childhood through fairy tales. This attitude affects their current state, which is characterized by a commitment to the previous lifestyle, but also a desire for transformations associated with a change in the social situation of development


PsyCh Journal ◽  
2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Kexin Wang ◽  
Shuang Chen ◽  
Jianxin Zhang ◽  
Yang Deng ◽  
Zheng Zhang ◽  
...  

2021 ◽  
Vol 36 (4) ◽  
pp. 601-614
Author(s):  
Kassim Kimo ◽  
Kabtamu Ayele

The purpose of this research was to assess first year students’ social competency and coping strategies against their overall first semester academic achievement (GPA) at Arsi University. A sample (N = 360) of first year students was selected for the study. Slightly adapted versions of Social Competency Scale (Silvera, Martinussen, & Dahl, 2001) and Coping Strategy Scales (Carver, 1999) were used to assess these aspects. The results revealed that the majority students were good and some of them were identified as average on social competency dimensions. On the other hand, it was noted that majority of the students use avoidance coping strategies. Social competency has strong positive connection with student’s GPA but coping strategy has nonsignificant negative correlation with GPA. Both social competency and coping strategy slightly contributed to the variations in first semester GPA among first year students. Only college had a mediating role with partial mediation effect between social competency total and GPA. A significant difference was observed between male and female students in their GPA and social competency. Gender and religion had no mediation role between social competency, coping strategy, and first semester GPA of the students. In conclusion, it was implied that university students’ personnel should work on first year students’ adaptive coping strategies and social competencies.


Author(s):  
А.З. Минахметова ◽  
А.Ю. Погодина

Актуальность статьи обусловлена необходимостью воздействия на адаптационный процесс в период обучения в вузе. Цель статьи заключается в выявлении особенностей адаптации выпускников школ к учебной деятельности вуза. Ведущим методом к исследованию данной проблемы является метод тестирования. В исследовании приняли участие студенты первых курсов в количестве 75 человек. В статье проводится анализ результатов тестирования студентов-первокурсников в начале учебного года и во втором семестре (в конце учебного года). Доказана эффективность психолого-педагогического сопровождения студентов-первокурсников, направленная на решение проблем с адаптацией. Исследование показало, что адаптация к учебной деятельности вуза выпускников школ строится через приспособление индивида к новой социальной группе и формируется благодаря внешним и внутренним индикаторам (отношение к себе, отношение к другим, психическая устойчивость, доминирование). Статья будет полезна работникам системы образования, кураторам академических групп, педагогам-психологам. The relevance of the article is due to the need to influence the adaptation process during the period of study at the university. The purpose of the article is to identify the features of the adaptation of school graduates to the educational activities of the university. The leading method to investigate this problem is the testing method. The study involved first-year students in the number of 75 people. The article analyzes the results of testing of first-year students at the beginning of the academic year and in the second semester (at the end of the academic year). The effectiveness of psychological and pedagogical support of first-year students aimed at solving problems with adaptation is proved. The study showed that the adaptation of school graduates to the educational activities of the university is built through the adaptation of an individual to a new social group and is formed due to external and internal indicators (attitude to oneself, attitude to others, mental stability, dominance). The article will be useful to employees of the education system, curators of academic groups, teachers-psychologists.


2021 ◽  
Vol 20 (4) ◽  
pp. 0136
Author(s):  
ايلاد محمد عبد زيد ◽  
Dr. Iqbal Abdul-hussein

The importance of the study lies in building the Scout Public Service Scale for first-year students in the faculties of physical education and sports sciences.The research aimed to: Building the Scout public service standards for the first-year students of the faculties of physical education and sports sciences in the universities of the Middle Euphrates. The two researchers used the descriptive approach in the style of the survey study to identify the scouting public service for the students of the first stage of the faculties of physical education and sports sciences in the universities of the Middle Euphrates (Kufa, Al-Qadisiyah, Babylon, Al-Qasim Al-Khadra, and Kerbala) for the academic year 2020-2021, which numbered (624) male and female students.The sample of the exploratory experiment for the Scout Public Service Standards consisted of (15) students, at a rate of (5.68%) from the research community.They were chosen by random method, and a sample was chosen to build the two Scout public service scales, consisting of (250) male and female students (40.06%) from the research community, with (50) male and female students from each college.As for the application sample of the Scout Public Service Standards, it included (100) students, (20) male and female students from each college representing (16.02%) of the research community. Under the results of the current research, and the subsequent explanations, we can come up with several conclusions, the most


2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (2) ◽  
pp. 199-216
Author(s):  
Hettie Terblanche ◽  
Henry D. Mason ◽  
Barend van Wyk

This article reports on a qualitative study that evaluated first-year students’ lived experiences of attending a 12-week student support programme focused on fostering mindsets. Participants included 545 first year Engineering students enrolled for academic studies at a South African university. All participants completed qualitative narrative sketches depicting their experiences. A random sample of 300 students’ narrative sketches was included as data in the qualitative study. The data were analysed using thematic analysis, and Dweck’s theory on mindsets served as the theoretical lens through which the data were interpreted. The results indicate that the majority of students experienced significant personal growth from attending the student support programme. Additionally, the findings point to the relevance and importance of offering student support programmes focused on exploring mindsets to first-year students. The results of this exploratory study suggest that mindset theory should be considered as an essential component when advising first-year South African Engineering students. Furthermore, we make a case for the relevance of positive psychology-based development programmes for first-year students.


2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (2) ◽  
pp. 47-63
Author(s):  
Ana Naidoo ◽  
Hestie Byles ◽  
Sindi Kwenaite

The University of Pretoria (UP) began offering formal academic student support in 2011 when the first faculty student advisor (FSA) was appointed. Although many more FSAs were subsequently appointed, assistance to all the students in need of support remained insufficient. However, financial assistance through the collaboration grant received from the Department of Higher Education and Training in 2018 made it possible to explore new areas of support. The UP was able to pilot four innovations due to the availability of additional funds. These included generic workshops across faculties; the creation of a hub in the library, which served as a common contact point for students requiring assistance; the appointment of peer advisors; and a Buddy Programme for first-year students. This article explains the Buddy Programme as perceived by the senior students who mentored the first-year students. The mentors are known as “big buddies”. Our work on this programme is based on Tinto’s (1975) ideas about social integration. The Buddy Programme was introduced to assist first-year students in their transition from school to university life. This paper highlights the challenges that first-year students faced and it explains how the concepts could become institutionalised once university activities have been normalised in the post-pandemic future.


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