overlap syndrome
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2022 ◽  
Arisa Senda ◽  
Ryutaro Sasai ◽  
Kurumi Kato ◽  
Yuka Nishibata ◽  
Sakiko Masuda ◽  

AbstractSystemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis (AAV) are autoimmune diseases that often cause rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis, with neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) involved in their pathogenesis. However, the involvement of NETs in the renal damage caused by SLE/AAV overlap syndrome has not been clarified yet. In this study, we detected renal deposition of NETs in a patient with SLE/AAV overlap syndrome. In addition, a significantly increased level of NET-inducing activity was observed in the patient’s serum, which improved with treatment. On the other hand, a markedly lower level of NET degradation was observed in the patient’s serum as compared to healthy subjects’ sera, without any posttreatment changes. These findings suggest that NETs may play a role in the pathogenesis of renal injury associated with SLE/AAV overlap syndrome.

Sandra Coppens ◽  
Laurence Desmyter ◽  
Manuel Koch ◽  
Semra Özcelik ◽  
Emily O'Heir ◽  
De Novo ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 23 (1) ◽  
Weiwei Kong ◽  
Yaomin Wang ◽  
Huiping Wang ◽  
Qin Zhou ◽  
Jianghua Chen ◽  

Abstract Background Systemic sclerosis (SSc) may overlap with other connective tissue diseases, which is named overlap syndrome. Scleroderma renal crisis (SRC) is a rare but severe complication of SSc. SSc related thrombotic microangiopathy (SSc-TMA) is an infrequent pathology type of SRC, while SSc-TMA accompanied by overlap syndrome is very rare. Case presentation This study reported a case of acute kidney injury (AKI) accompanied with overlap syndrome of SSc, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and polymyositis (PM). The renal pathology supported the diagnosis of SSc-TMA but not SLE or PM-related renal injury, characterized by renal arteriolar thrombosis, endothelial cells edema, little cast in tubules and mild immune complex deposition. The primary TMA related factors (ADAMTS13 and complement H factor) were normal. Thus, this case was diagnosed as secondary TMA associated with SSc. The patient was treated with renin angiotensin system inhibitors, sildenafil, supportive plasma exchange/dialysis, and rituximab combined with glucocorticoids. After 2 months of peritoneal dialysis treatment, her renal function recovered and dialysis was stopped. Conclusion This study presented a case of SSc-TMA with overlap syndrome. Rituximab can be used as a treatment option in patients with high SRC risk or already manifesting SRC.

2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (2) ◽  
pp. 01-03
Jochanan E. Naschitz

Livedo is an ischemic dermopathy caused by vasculopathies or prothrombotic states, and characterized by the violaceous lace-like mottling of the skin. We report on a patient who developed livedo reticularis – livedo racemosa overlap syndrome as a late sequel of erysipelas, the livedo being restricted to the limb segment affected earlier by erysipelas and devoid of systemic vasculopathy. Though erysipelas and livedo are common disorders, we could not find in the literature reports of an occurrence like that observed in this patient. In this case a favorable prognosis of livedo could be predicted. In a different context, livedo may be the alarming signal of an undiagnosed systemic disease.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 92-98
Anu Yarky ◽  
Priyesh Sharma ◽  
Vipan Kumar

The diagnosis of overlap syndrome involving systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) isn’t easily established due to its similar clinical presentations and biochemical features to those of lupus hepatitis. The term overlap syndrome is typically utilized in the context of overlap of autoimmune hepatitis with PSC (primary sclerosing cholangitis) or PBC (primary biliary cholangitis). Few rare cases of AIH complicated by SLE are reported within the literature. Overlapping of SLE and AIH should be suspected when patients with SLE have abnormal liver function tests or AIH patients present with a rash. Liver biopsy plays a really important role in establishing the medical diagnosis of SLE with liver impairment or overlap with AIH. The prompt diagnosis and adequate treatment plan can improve the disease outcome. Key words: autoimmune hepatitis, primary biliary cholangitis, systemic lupus erythematosus, overlap syndrome.

2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Pan Zhang ◽  
Bi Chen ◽  
Heqing Lou ◽  
Yanan Zhu ◽  
Peipei Chen ◽  

Abstract Background “Overlap syndrome” refers to obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) combined with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and has poorer outcomes than either condition alone. We aimed to evaluate the prevalence and possible predictors of overlap syndrome and its association with clinical outcomes in patients with COPD. Methods We assessed the modified Medical Research Council dyspnea scale (mMRC), Epworth sleepiness scale (ESS), COPD assessment test (CAT), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI), and STOP-Bang questionnaire (SBQ) and performed spirometry and full overnight polysomnography in all patients. An apnea–hypopnea index (AHI) ≥ 5 events per hour was considered to indicate OSA. Risk factors for OSA in COPD patients were identified by univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses. Results A total of 556 patients (66%) had an AHI ≥ 5 events per hour. There were no significant differences in age, sex ratio, mMRC score, smoking index, number of acute exacerbations and hospitalizations in the last year, and prevalence of cor pulmonale between the two groups (all p > 0.05). Body mass index (BMI), neck circumference, CAT score, CCI, ESS, HADS, and SBQ scores, forced expiratory volume (FEV)1, FEV1% pred, FEV1/forced vital capacity ratio, and prevalence of hypertension, coronary heart disease, and diabetes were all significantly higher and the prevalence of severe COPD was significantly lower in the COPD-OSA group compared with the COPD group (p < 0.05). BMI, neck circumference, ESS, CAT, CCI, HADS, hypertension, and diabetes were independent risk factors for OSA in COPD patients (p < 0.05). SBQ could be used for OSA screening in patients with COPD. Patients with severe COPD had a lower risk of OSA compared with patients with mild or moderate COPD (β =  − 0.459, odds ratio = 0.632, 95% confidence interval 0.401–0.997, p = 0.048). Conclusion Patients with overlap syndrome had a poorer quality of life, more daytime sleepiness, and a higher prevalence of hypertension and diabetes than patients with COPD alone. BMI, neck circumference, ESS, CAT, CCI, HADS, hypertension, and diabetes were independent risk factors for OSA in patients with COPD. The risk of OSA was lower in patients with severe, compared with mild or moderate COPD.

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